Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (3):257-303 (2011)
This paper contributes data from Paraguayan Guaraní (Tupí-Guaraní) to the discussion of how temporal reference is determined in tenseless languages. The empirical focus of this study is on finite clauses headed by verbs inflected only for person/number information, which are compatible only with non-future temporal reference in most matrix clause contexts. The paper first explores the possibility of accounting for the temporal reference of such clauses with a phonologically empty non-future tense morpheme, along the lines of Matthewson’s (Linguist Philos 29:673–713, 2006 ) analysis of a similar phenomenon in St’át’imcets (Salish). This analysis is then contrasted with one according to which temporal reference is not constrained by tense in Paraguayan Guaraní, but only by context and temporal adverbials. A comparison of the two analyses, both of which are couched in a dynamic semantic framework, suggests empirical and theoretical advantages of the tenseless analysis over the tensed one. The paper concludes with a discussion of cross-linguistic variation of temporal reference in tensed and tenseless languages
|Keywords||Temporal reference Tenseless languages Paraguayan Guaraní Future discourse|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
The Semantics of Definite and Indefinite Noun Phrases.Irene Heim - 1982 - Dissertation, UMass Amherst
Presupposition and Assertion in Dynamic Semantics.David I. Beaver - 2001 - CSLI Publications.
Citations of this work BETA
Nominal Tense and Temporal Implicatures: Evidence From Mbyá.Guillaume Thomas - 2014 - Natural Language Semantics 22 (4):357-412.
Beyond the Past, Present, and Future: Towards the Semantics of ‘Graded Tense’ in Gĩkũyũ. [REVIEW]Seth Cable - 2013 - Natural Language Semantics 21 (3):219-276.
Past Interpretation and Graded Tense in Medumba.Anne Mucha - 2017 - Natural Language Semantics 25 (1):1-52.
Evidentiality, Learning Events and Spatiotemporal Distance: The View From Bulgarian.Todor Koev - forthcoming - Journal of Semantics:ffv014.
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