Why Sore Throats Don't Aggregate against a Life, but Arms Do

Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (6):492-493 (2015)
Authors
Alex Voorhoeve
London School of Economics
Abstract
When do claims to be saved of a small or moderate harm aggregate against a competing claim to be saved from an early death? In this short response to Kamm's Bioethical Prescriptions, I argue for the following answer: aggregation of weaker claims against a life is permitted just in case, in a one-to-one contest, a person with a weaker claim would have a personal prerogative to prioritize her claim over a stranger’s competing claim to life.
Keywords Aggregation  Distributive ethics  Health care distribution
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Reprint years 2015
DOI 10.1136/medethics-2014-102036
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