Quan-Hoang Vuong, Ho Manh Tung, Nguyen To Hong Kong, La Viet Phuong, Vuong Thu Trang, Vu Thi Hanh, Nguyen Minh Hoang & Manh-Toan Ho
AbstractThis research employs the Bayesian network modeling approach, and the Markov chain Monte Carlo technique, to learn about the role of lies and violence in teachings of major religions, using a unique dataset extracted from long-standing Vietnamese folktales. The results indicate that, although lying and violent acts augur negative consequences for those who commit them, their associations with core religious values diverge in the final outcome for the folktale characters. Lying that serves a religious mission of either Confucianism or Taoism (but not Buddhism) brings a positive outcome to a character (βT_and_Lie_O= 2.23; βC_and_Lie_O= 1.47; βT_and_Lie_O= 2.23). A violent act committed to serving Buddhist missions results in a happy ending for the committer (βB_and_Viol_O= 2.55). What is highlighted here is a glaring double standard in the interpretation and practice of the three teachings: the very virtuous outcomes being preached, whether that be compassion and meditation in Buddhism, societal order in Confucianism, or natural harmony in Taoism, appear to accommodate two universal vices—violence in Buddhism and lying in the latter two. These findings contribute to a host of studies aimed at making sense of contradictory human behaviors, adding the role of religious teachings in addition to cognition in belief maintenance and motivated reasoning in discounting counterargument.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
References found in this work
No references found.
Citations of this work
Can Theorizing the Symbiosis Between a Dictator and Suicide Attackers Make Sense?Quan-Hoang Vuong - 2022 - OSF Preprints.
Three Major Works in the Humanities and Social Sciences Coming From Vietnam.Tam Tri Le - 2021 - OSF Preprints 1:12.
Vài suy nghĩ về Tết và các mốc công việc nhân dịp Xuân Canh Tý 2020.Vương Q. Hoàng - 2020 - AISDL 2020 (1):1-10.
Similar books and articles
Understanding the Interplay of Lies, Violence, and Religious Values in Folktales.Quan-Hoang Vuong, Viet-Phuong La & Hong-Kong T. Nguyen - manuscript
"Cultural Additivity" and How the Values and Norms of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism Co-Exist, Interact, and Influence Vietnamese Society: A Bayesian Analysis of Long-Standing Folktales, Using R and Stan.Quan-Hoang Vuong, Manh-Tung Ho, Viet-Phuong La, Dam Van Nhue, Bui Quang Khiem, Nghiem Phu Kien Cuong, Thu-Trang Vuong, Manh-Toan Ho, Hong Kong T. Nguyen, Viet-Ha T. Nguyen, Hiep-Hung Pham & Nancy K. Napier - manuscript
Bayesvl: Visually Learning the Graphical Structure of Bayesian Networks and Performing MCMC with 'Stan'.Quan-Hoang Vuong & Viet-Phuong La - 2019 - Open Science Framework 2019:01-47.
Cultural Evolution in Vietnam’s Early 20th Century: A Bayesian Networks Analysis of Hanoi Franco-Chinese House Designs.Quan-Hoang Vuong, Quang-Khiem Bui, Viet-Phuong La, Thu-Trang Vuong, Manh-Toan Ho, Hong-Kong T. Nguyen, Hong-Ngoc Nguyen, Kien-Cuong P. Nghiem & Manh-Tung Ho - 2019 - Social Sciences and Humanities Open 1 (1):100001.
The Methodology Study of the Master Ou-yi Zhi-xu's Integrating Works between the Buddhism and the Confucianism.Bau-Ruei Duh - 2003 - Philosophy and Culture 30 (6):79-96.
Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism in Wei (221-265) and Both Jin (265-420) Periods.Leonid E. Yangutov - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 9:69-75.
Buddhist Cultural Regulations of Violence.Michael Jerryson - 2015 - Journal of Religion and Violence 3 (3):319-325.
Research on Buddhism and Taoism-with Reference to Xiong Shili's Academic Resources.Ruhua Wang - 2007 - Philosophy and Culture 34 (5):137-155.
Lao Tzi in the visions of Zhu Xi.Jianhua Lu & Yi-kai Sun - 2003 - Philosophy and Culture 30 (10):43-56.
On the Studies of "Neo-Taoism of the Wei and Jin Periods" in the West and Their Major Works.Li-Chen Lin - 2003 - Philosophy and Culture 30 (4):3-16.
Confession Rituals and the Philosophy of Forgiveness in Asian Religions and Christianity.Jan Konior - 2010 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 15 (1):91-102.
Samga Kwigam of Hyujong and the Three Religions [Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism in 16th-Cent Koreantext; Il].Young-ho Lee - 1992 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 12:43-64.
Briefly on the Logical Process - How Chinese Culture Absorbed Buddhist Culture and its Historical Inspiration.Ping Luzi - 2002 - Philosophy and Culture 29 (9):836-846.
Mutual Influence and Mutual Interpretation of the Two Cultures: "The True Meaning of the Lord of Heaven" and the Chinese Intellectual Tradition.Xiaolin Zhang - 2002 - Dissertation, The Chinese University of Hong Kong (People's Republic of China)