Gratuitous Evil and Divine Existence

Religious Studies 25 (1):15 - 30 (1989)
God, who is an omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent Creator and Providence, exists and There is evil are logically compatible claims. God exists, If God exists, then He has a morally sufficient reason for allowing any evil that He does allow , and There is evil is a consistent triad of propositions. Thus any pair from that triad is also consistent. Thus God exists and There is evil are logically compatible. But this does not settle the question as to whether the truth of There is evil in the world has such consequences for theism as making it highly improbable that God exists or making it unreasonable to believe that God exists . That propositions P and Q are logically compatible does not entail that one does not provide powerful evidence against the other. In particular, it has seemed that some actual evils are gratuitous or in some manner just could not fit into a God-made world. Thus the simple argument is offered that: There are gratuitous evils; If there are gratuitous evils, then there is no God; so: There is no God. I will call this simple argument the ‘root argument’, for it is this argument and sophistications of it that will occupy us hereafter
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1017/S0034412500019697
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history
Request removal from index
Download options
Our Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 27,606
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
God and Gratuitous Evil.Klaas J. Kraay - 2016 - Philosophy Compass 11 (12):905-912.
Megill's Multiverse Meta-Argument.Klaas J. Kraay - 2013 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 73 (3):235-241.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Hasker on Gratuitous Natural Evil.David O'Connor - 1995 - Faith and Philosophy 12 (3):380-392.
Many Inscrutable Evils.Robert Bass - 2011 - Ars Disputandi 11:118-132.
O'Connor on Gratuitous Natural Evil.William Hasker - 1997 - Faith and Philosophy 14 (3):388-394.
When is a Gratuitous Evil Really Gratuitous?Keith Chrzan - 1988 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 24 (1/2):87 - 91.
Gratuitous Evil and Divine Providence.Alan R. Rhoda - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (3):281-302.
Chrzan on Necessary Gratuitous Evil.William Hasker - 1995 - Faith and Philosophy 12 (3):423-425.
Is Theism Compatible with Gratuitous Evil?Daniel Howard-Snyder & Frances Howard-Snyder - 1999 - American Philosophical Quarterly 36 (2):115 - 130.
God and Gratuitous Evil: A Reply to Yandell.Keith Chrzan - 1991 - Religious Studies 27 (1):99 - 103.

Monthly downloads

Added to index


Total downloads

18 ( #270,400 of 2,168,630 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

2 ( #187,136 of 2,168,630 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature

There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.

Other forums