Results for 'Sondra Horton Fraleigh'

396 found
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  1.  32
    Revisiting the Memory‐Based Processing Approach to Common Ground.William S. Horton & Richard J. Gerrig - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (4):780-795.
    Horton and Gerrig outlined a memory-based processing model of conversational common ground that provided a description of how speakers could both strategically and automatically gain access to information about others through domain-general memory processes acting over ordinary memory traces. In this article, we revisit this account, reviewing empirical findings that address aspects of this memory-based model. In doing so, we also take the opportunity to clarify what we believe this approach implies about the cognitive psychology of common ground, and (...)
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  2. Aspects of Toleration: Philosophical Studies.John Horton & Susan Mendus (eds.) - 1985 - Methuen.
    Introduction JOHN HORTON AND SUSAN MENDUS The essays in this volume are concerned with the theoretical and conceptual issues involved in the idea of ...
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  3. The All or Nothing Problem.Joe Horton - 2017 - Journal of Philosophy 114 (2):94-104.
    There are many cases in which, by making some great sacrifice, you could bring about either a good outcome or a very good outcome. In some of these cases, it seems wrong for you to bring about the good outcome, since you could bring about the very good outcome with no additional sacrifice. It also seems permissible for you not to make the sacrifice, and bring about neither outcome. But together, these claims seem to imply that you ought to bring (...)
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  4.  97
    Realism, Liberal Moralism and a Political Theory of Modus Vivendi.John Horton - 2010 - European Journal of Political Theory 9 (4):431-448.
    This article sets out some of the key features of a realist critique of liberal moralism, identifying descriptive inadequacy and normative irrelevance as the two fundamental lines of criticism. It then sketches an outline of a political theory of modus vivendi as an alternative, realist approach to political theory. On this account a modus vivendi should be understood as any political settlement that involves the preservation of peace and security and is generally acceptable to those who are party to it. (...)
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  5.  3
    Wise Use of Surveillance Data: Evolving HIV Policy and Emerging Considerations Regarding COVID-19.Naomi Seiler, Katie Horton, Anya Vanecek & Claire Heyison - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (10):36-39.
    Volume 20, Issue 10, October 2020, Page 36-39.
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  6. Always Aggregate.Joe Horton - 2018 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 46 (2):160-174.
    Is there any number of people you should save from paralysis rather than saving one person from death? Is there any number of people you should save from a headache rather than saving one person from death? Many people answer ‘yes’ and ‘no’, respectively. They therefore accept a partially aggregative moral view. Patrick Tomlin has recently argued that the most promising partially aggregative views in the literature have implausible implications in certain cases in which there are additions or subtractions to (...)
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  7.  85
    Aggregation, Complaints, and Risk.Joe Horton - 2017 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 45 (1):54-81.
    Several philosophers have defended versions of Minimax Complaint, or MC. According to MC, other things equal, we should act in the way that minimises the strongest individual complaint. In this paper, I argue that MC must be rejected because it has implausible implications in certain cases involving risk. In these cases, we can apply MC either ex ante, by focusing on the complaints that could be made based on the prospects that an act gives to people, or ex post, by (...)
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  8.  45
    Intentional Rules Violations—One More Time.Warren P. Fraleigh - 2003 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 30 (2):166-176.
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  9.  38
    When Do Speakers Take Into Account Common Ground?William S. Horton & Boaz Keysar - 1996 - Cognition 59 (1):91-117.
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  10.  16
    Autobiographical Memory and Hyperassociativity in the Dreaming Brain: Implications for Memory Consolidation in Sleep.Caroline L. Horton & Josie E. Malinowski - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  11. Political Legitimacy, Justice and Consent.John Horton - 2012 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 15 (2):129-148.
    What is it for a state, constitution or set of governmental institutions to have political legitimacy? This paper raises some doubts about two broadly liberal answers to this question, which can be labelled ?Kantian? and ?libertarian?. The argument focuses in particular on the relationship between legitimacy and principles of justice and on the place of consent. By contrast with these views, I suggest that, without endorsing the kind of voluntarist theory, according to which political legitimacy is simply created by individual (...)
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  12.  30
    Aggregation, Risk, and Reductio.Joe Horton - 2020 - Ethics 130 (4):514-529.
    Is there any number of people you should save from paralysis rather than saving one person from death? Is there any number of people you should save from a migraine rather than saving one person from death? Many people answer “yes” and “no,” respectively. The aim of partially aggregative moral views is to capture and justify combinations of intuitions like these. In this article, I develop a risk-based reductio argument that shows that there can be no adequate partially aggregative view. (...)
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  13.  23
    What Might It Mean for Political Theory to Be More ‘Realistic’?John Horton - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):487-501.
    This paper explores two different versions of ‘the realist turn’ in recent political theory. It begins by setting out two principal realist criticisms of liberal moralism: that it is both descriptively and normatively inadequate. It then pursues the second criticism by arguing that there are two fundamentally different responses among realists to the alleged normative inadequacy of ideal theory. First, prescriptive realists argue that the aim of realism is to make political theory more normatively adequate by making it more realistic. (...)
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  14. Right Actions in Sport: Ethics for Contestants.Warren Fraleigh - 1985 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 11:83-88.
     
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  15.  23
    The Impact of Memory Demands on Audience Design During Language Production.William S. Horton & Richard J. Gerrig - 2005 - Cognition 96 (2):127-142.
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  16.  9
    Is It Acceptable to Contact an Anonymous Egg Donor to Facilitate Diagnostic Genetic Testing for the Donor-Conceived Child?Rachel Horton, Benjamin Bell, Angela Fenwick & Anneke M. Lucassen - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (6):357-360.
    We discuss a case where medically optimal investigations of health problems in a donor-conceived child would require their egg donor to participate in genetic testing. We argue that it would be justified to contact the egg donor to ask whether she would consider this, despite her indicating on a historical consent form that she did not wish to take part in future research and that she did not wish to be informed if she was found to be a carrier of (...)
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  17.  26
    Metaphor and Hyperassociativity: The Imagination Mechanisms Behind Emotion Assimilation in Sleep and Dreaming.Josie E. Malinowski & Caroline L. Horton - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  18. The Value of Nursing: A Literature Review.Khim Horton, Verena Tschudin & Armorel Forget - 2007 - Nursing Ethics 14 (6):716-740.
    This article is part of a wider study entitled Value of Nursing, and contains the literature search from electronic databases. Key words for the search included `values of nursing', `values in nursing', `organisational values' and `professional identity'. Thirty-two primary reports published in English between 2000 and 2006 were identified. The findings highlight the importance of understanding values and their relevance in nursing and how values are constructed. The value of nursing is seen to be influenced by cultural change, globalization, and (...)
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  19. How Academics Can Help People Make Better Decisions Concerning Global Poverty.Keith Horton - 2012 - Ethics and International Affairs 26 (2):265-278.
    One relatively straightforward way in which academics could have more impact on global poverty is by doing more to help people make wise decisions about issues relevant to such poverty. Academics could do this by conducting appropriate kinds of research on those issues and sharing what they have learned with the relevant decision makers in accessible ways. But aren’t academics already doing this? In the case of many of those issues, I think the appropriate answer would be that they could (...)
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  20.  76
    In Defence of Associative Political Obligations: Part Two.John Horton - 2007 - Political Studies 55 (1):1-19.
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  21.  77
    Why the Traditional Conception of Toleration Still Matters.John Horton - 2011 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 14 (3):289-305.
    The ?traditional? conception of toleration, understood as the putting up with beliefs and practices by those who disapprove of them, has come under increasing attack in recent years for being negative, condescending and judgemental. Instead, its critics argue for a more positive, affirmative conception, perhaps best captured by Anna Elisabetta Galeotti?s idea of ?toleration as recognition?. In this article, without denying that it is not always the most appropriate form of response to differences, I defend the traditional conception of toleration (...)
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  22.  7
    Love's Knowledge: Essays on Philosophy and Literature.John Horton - 1992 - Philosophical Quarterly 42 (169):492-495.
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  23.  84
    Rawls, Public Reason and the Limits of Liberal Justification.John Horton - 2003 - Contemporary Political Theory 2 (1):5-23.
    This article is a contribution to a critical exploration of the liberal project of normatively justifying basic political principles. The specific focus is John Rawls's use of the idea of public reason. After briefly discussing the evolution of Rawls's ideas from A Theory of Justice to his most recent writings, the key components of his conception of public reason are set out. Two principal lines of criticism are developed. The first is that the criteria of legitimacy Rawls establishes for a (...)
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  24.  13
    Infants’ Prosocial Behavior is Governed by Cost-Benefit Analyses.Jessica A. Sommerville, Elizabeth A. Enright, Rachel O. Horton, Kelsey Lucca, Miranda J. Sitch & Susanne Kirchner-Adelhart - 2018 - Cognition 177:12-20.
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  25.  9
    The Moral Argument for Heritable Genome Editing Requires an Inappropriately Deterministic View of Genetics.Rachel Horton & Anneke M. Lucassen - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (8):526-527.
    Gyngell and colleagues consider that the recent Nuffield Council report does not go far enough: heritable genome editing is not just justifiable in a few rare cases; instead, there is a moral imperative to undertake it. We agree that there is a moral argument for this, but in the real world it is mitigated by the fact that it is not usually possible to ensure a better life. We suggest that a moral imperative for HGE can currently only be concluded (...)
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  26. In Defence of Associative Political Obligations: Part One.John Horton - 2006 - Political Studies 54 (3):427–43.
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  27.  34
    Bohm Particles and Their Detection in the Light of Neutron Interferometry.H. R. Brown, C. Dewdney & G. Horton - 1995 - Foundations of Physics 25 (2):329-347.
    Properties sometimes attributed to the “particle” aspect of a neutron, e.g., mass and magnetic moment, cannot straightforwardly be regarded in the Bohm interpretation of quantum mechanics as localized at the hypothetical position of the particle. This is shown by examining a series of effects in neutron interferometry. A related thought-experiment also provides a variation of a recent demonstration that which-way detectors can appear to behave anomolously in the Bohm theory.
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  28. Illegible Salvation: The Authority of Language in The Concept of Anxiety.Sarah Horton - 2018 - In Joseph Westfall (ed.), Authorship and Authority in Kierkegaard’s Writings. London, UK: pp. 121-137.
    This essay examines the analysis of language in The Concept of Anxiety and argues that language ultimately reveals itself as both dangerous and salvific. The pseudonymous author, Vigilius Haufniensis, is suspicious of language, for it divides the individual from herself and thereby makes possible the self-forgetfulness of objective chatter. Indeed, this warning (which commenters have tended to follow uncritically) is a legitimate one – yet it fails to grasp that by rendering the self other than itself, language constitutes the self. (...)
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  29. Tradition and Modernity Revisited.Robin Horton - 1982 - In Martin Hollis & Steven Lukes (eds.), Rationality and Relativism. MIT Press. pp. 201.
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  30. Aid Agencies: The Epistemic Question.Keith Horton - 2011 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (1):29-43.
    For several decades, there has been a debate in the philosophical literature concerning whether those of us who live in developed countries are morally required to give some of our money to aid agencies. Many contributors to this debate have apparently taken it that one may simply assume that the effects of the work such agencies do are overwhelmingly positive. If one turns to the literature on such agencies that has emerged in recent decades, however, one finds a number of (...)
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  31.  7
    Key Concepts in Dream Research: Cognition and Consciousness Are Inherently Linked, but Do No Not Control “Control”!Caroline L. Horton - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  32.  65
    The Annunciate by Jean-Luc Nancy.Sarah Horton - 2018 - In Richard Kearney & Matthew Clemente (eds.), The Art of Anatheism. London, UK: Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 124-126.
    Translation (French to English) of Jean-Luc Nancy's "L'Annoncée.".
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  33. Three (Apparent) Paradoxes of Toleration'.John Horton - 1994 - Synthesis Philosophica 9 (1):7-20.
  34.  21
    Individual Differences in Switching and Inhibition Predict Perspective-Taking Across the Lifespan.Madeleine R. Long, William S. Horton, Hannah Rohde & Antonella Sorace - 2018 - Cognition 170:25-30.
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  35.  85
    Functionalism About Truth and the Metaphysics of Reduction.Michael Horton & Ted Poston - 2012 - Acta Analytica 27 (1):13-27.
    Functionalism about truth is the view that truth is an explanatorily significant but multiply-realizable property. According to this view the properties that realize truth vary from domain to domain, but the property of truth is a single, higher-order, domain insensitive property. We argue that this view faces a challenge similar to the one that Jaegwon Kim laid out for the multiple realization thesis. The challenge is that the higher-order property of truth is equivalent to an explanatorily idle disjunction of its (...)
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  36.  51
    Seeing Cooperation or Competition: Ecological Interactions in Cultural Perspectives.Bethany L. Ojalehto, Douglas L. Medin, William S. Horton, Salino G. Garcia & Estefano G. Kays - 2015 - Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (4):624-645.
    Do cultural models facilitate particular ways of perceiving interactions in nature? We explore variability in folkecological principles of reasoning about interspecies interactions. In two studies, Indigenous Panamanian Ngöbe and U.S. participants interpreted an illustrated, wordless nonfiction book about the hunting relationship between a coyote and badger. Across both studies, the majority of Ngöbe interpreted the hunting relationship as cooperative and the majority of U.S. participants as competitive. Study 2 showed that this pattern may reflect different beliefs about, and perhaps different (...)
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  37.  22
    Anticipatory Looks Reveal Expectations About Discourse Relations.Hannah Rohde & William S. Horton - 2014 - Cognition 133 (3):667-691.
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  38.  11
    Toleration and Modus Vivendi.John Horton - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-19.
  39.  10
    Watching Language Grow in the Manual Modality: Nominals, Predicates, and Handshapes.S. Goldin-Meadow, D. Brentari, M. Coppola, L. Horton & A. Senghas - 2015 - Cognition 136:381-395.
    All languages, both spoken and signed, make a formal distinction between two types of terms in a proposition – terms that identify what is to be talked about (nominals) and terms that say something about this topic (predicates). Here we explore conditions that could lead to this property by charting its development in a newly emerging language – Nicaraguan Sign Language (NSL). We examine how handshape is used in nominals vs. predicates in three Nicaraguan groups: (1) homesigners who are not (...)
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  40. Self-Censorship.John Horton - 2011 - Res Publica 17 (1):91-106.
    This article seeks to explore the conceptual structure and moral standing of an idea that has received almost no attention from analytical philosophers: self-censorship. It is argued that at the heart of the concept is a tension between the thoughts of the self-censor as, on the one hand, the author, and on the other, the instrument, of the censorship. Which of these aspects is emphasised also importantly helps shape how self-censorship is viewed normatively. Focusing on authorship tends to lead to (...)
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  41.  66
    John Gray and the Political Theory of Modus Vivendi.John Horton - 2006 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 9 (2):155-169.
    (2006). John Gray and the Political Theory of Modus Vivendi. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy: Vol. 9, The Political Theory of John Gray, pp. 155-169.
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  42.  20
    The Bioethical and Legal Implications of HHS’s New Focus on Conscience and Religious Freedom.Naomi Seiler & Katie Horton - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (7):71-72.
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  43. Review Article: The Smartest Guys in the Room: Cohen and Sen on Justice.John Horton - 2011 - European Journal of Political Theory 10 (3):430-437.
  44.  12
    On the Irrelevance of Neuromyths to Teacher Effectiveness: Comparing Neuro-Literacy Levels Amongst Award-Winning and Non-Award Winning Teachers.Jared Cooney Horvath, Gregory M. Donoghue, Alex J. Horton, Jason M. Lodge & John A. C. Hattie - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  45.  91
    Performance-Enhancing Drugs in Sport: The Ethical Issue.Warren P. Fraleigh - 1984 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 11 (1):23-28.
    (1984). Performance-Enhancing Drugs in Sport: The Ethical Issue. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport: Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 23-28. doi: 10.1080/00948705.1984.9714410.
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  46.  60
    The Exploitation Problem.Joe Horton - 2019 - Journal of Political Philosophy 27 (4):469-479.
    Many of us believe that exploitation is wrong, and that it is wrong even when, because the exploited would otherwise suffer, they consent to the exploitation. Does it follow that we should leave people to suffer rather than exploit them? This conclusion might seem difficult to accept, but avoiding it seems to require accepting a counterintuitively demanding view about our obligations to vulnerable people. In this paper, I offer a new solution to this problem.
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  47. Fairness and Fair Shares.Keith Horton - 2011 - Utilitas 23 (1):88.
    Some moral principles require agents to do more than their fair share of a common task, if others won’t do their fair share – each agent’s fair share being what they would be required to do if all contributed as they should. This seems to provide a strong basis for objecting to such principles. For it seems unfair to require agents who have already done their fair share to do more, just because other agents won’t do their fair share. The (...)
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  48. Solidarity and the Absurd in Kamel Daoud's Meursault, Contre-Enquête.Sarah Horton - 2016 - Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 24 (2):286-303.
    This article examines Kamel Daoud’s treatment of solidarity and the absurd in Meursault, contre-enquête and posits that the question of how to live in solidarity with others is central to the novel, although the word ‘solidarity’ never appears in it. After recalling Camus’s discussion of the absurd in Le Mythe de Sisyphe and of solidarity in L’Homme révolté, the article examines the manner in which Haroun, Daoud’s narrator and the brother of the Arab Meursault killed in L’Étranger, reveals his own (...)
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  49. Review Article: Peggy Lee’s Question: Charles Taylor, Secularism and the Meaning of Life.John Horton - 2011 - European Journal of Political Theory 10 (1):113-121.
  50.  24
    The Self and Dreams During a Period of Transition.Caroline L. Horton, Christopher J. A. Moulin & Martin A. Conway - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (3):710-717.
    The content of dreams and changes to the self were investigated in students moving to University. In study 1, 20 participants completed dream diaries and memory tasks before and after they had left home and moved to university, and generated self images, “I am…” statements , reflective of their current self. Changes in “I ams” were observed, indicating a newly-formed ‘university’ self. These self, images and related autobiographical knowledge were found to be incorporated into recent dreams but not into dreams (...)
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