Results for 'Vânia S. Carvalho'

999 found
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  1.  9
    Does Work-Family Conflict Mediate the Associations of Job Characteristics With Employees’ Mental Health Among Men and Women?Vânia S. Carvalho, Maria J. Chambel, Mariana Neto & Silvia Lopes - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  2.  7
    Logic of Subjection: Butler’s Symptomatic Reading of Hegel and Lacan on the Symbolic.Cláudio Alexandre S. Carvalho - 2008 - Revista Filosófica de Coimbra 17 (33):509-521.
  3.  36
    On Debord's Square of Modernity.Eurico Carvalho - 2017 - Aufklärung 4 (2):121-139.
    In this paper, I will focus on the nature of the modernity from the perspective of a «logical» square. On the basis of its vectorial orientation, I will show the value of Guy Debord’s work, according to which, undeniably, there is a need to articulate two core issues of our time: «How does a multitude turn into a class?» (Benjamin’s question) and «How does the individual become a subject?» (Althusser’s question). It is precisely the nexus between these questions that allows (...)
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  4.  79
    Our Common Enemy: Combatting the World's Deadliest Viruses to Ensure Equity Health Care in Developing Nations.I. V. Carvalho - 2009 - Zygon 44 (1):51-63.
    In a previous issue of Zygon (Carvalho 2007), I explored the role of scientists—especially those engaging the science-religion dialogue—within the arena of global equity health, world poverty, and human rights. I contended that experimental biologists, who might have reduced agency because of their professional workload or lack of individual resources, can still unite into collective forces with other scientists as well as human rights organizations, medical doctors, and political and civic leaders to foster progressive change in our world. In (...)
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  5.  13
    On Spectacle: Critique And System In Debord’s Work.Eurico Carvalho - 2015 - Aufklärung 2 (1):119-134.
    This paper aims to examine the nature of the situationist concept of spectacle, especially by separating it into its philosophical elements, in order to check the effectiveness, from a systematic point of view, of situationism’s radical critique. In doing so, the main focus of our attention will be Debord’s major theoretical work: Society of the Spectacle. In fact, the concept of spectacle, repeatedly evoked in other writings, has its most far-reaching version in that small but great book, whose first edition (...)
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  6.  15
    On the Origins of Freud's Conception of the Natural Sciences.Vitor Orquiza de Carvalho & Luiz Roberto Monzani - 2015 - Scientiae Studia 13 (4):781-809.
    RESUMO O artigo examina algumas influências teóricas de Freud para recuperar os valores epistemológicos que subjazem à composição de sua concepção de ciência da natureza. Se, por um lado, Freud teve acesso ao pensamento de autores específicos que participaram efetivamente dos caminhos percorridos pela psicologia em sua reivindicação de uma identidade científica, por meio de entrelaçamentos com a física e a fisiologia, por outro lado, ele também teve contato com certos filósofos que lhe permitiram uma aproximação a alguns defensores da (...)
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  7.  46
    A Biologist's Perspective on the Future of the Science-Religion Dialogue in the Twenty-First Century.I. V. Carvalho - 2008 - Zygon 43 (1):217-226.
  8.  32
    A Biologist's Perspective on the Future of the Science‐Religion Dialogue in the Twenty‐First Century.John J. Carvalho - 2008 - Zygon 43 (1):217-226.
  9.  5
    Heterosis in COMT Val158Met Polymorphism Contributes to Sex-Differences in Children’s Math Anxiety.Annelise Júlio-Costa, Aline Aparecida Silva Martins, Guilherme Wood, Máira Pedroso de Almeida, Marlene de Miranda, Vitor Geraldi Haase & Maria Raquel Santos Carvalho - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  10.  4
    Triumph of the ΠΑΝΤΟΠΟΡΟΣ?: The Image of the Self‑Invented and Self‑Inventing Δεινόν in Antigone’s First Stasimon.M. Jorge de Carvalho - 2019 - Revista Filosófica de Coimbra 28 (55):105-133.
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  11.  49
    Mothers’ Perceptions of Their Child’s Enrollment in a Randomized Clinical Trial: Poor Understanding, Vulnerability and Contradictory Feelings.Adriana Assis Carvalho & Luciane Rezende Costa - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):52.
    Little is known about the views of mothers when their children are invited to participate in randomized clinical trials (RCTs) investigating medicines and/or invasive procedures. Our goal was to understand mothers’ perceptions of the processes of informed consent and randomization in a RCT that divided uncooperative children into three intervention groups (physical restraint, sedation, and general anesthesia) for dental rehabilitation.
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  12.  28
    Our Common Enemy: Combatting the World's Deadliest Viruses to Ensure Equity Health Care in Developing Nations.John J. Carvalho - 2009 - Zygon 44 (1):51-63.
  13.  6
    The Influence of Color on the Consumer’s Experience of Beer.Felipe Reinoso Carvalho, Pieter Moors, Johan Wagemans & Charles Spence - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  14.  7
    Dance of Dionysus: The Body in Nietzsche’s Philosophy of Music.John Carvalho - 2003 - International Studies in Philosophy 35 (3):101-116.
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  15.  9
    Building the "True Evolutionism": Darwin's Impact on Henri Bergson's Thought.Magda Costa Carvalho & Maria do Céu Patrao Neves - 2010 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 66 (3):635-642.
  16.  94
    Ethical Decision Making in Intensive Care Units: A Burnout Risk Factor? Results From a Multicentre Study Conducted with Physicians and Nurses.C. Teixeira, O. Ribeiro, A. M. Fonseca & A. S. Carvalho - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (2):97-103.
    Background Ethical decision making in intensive care is a demanding task. The need to proceed to ethical decision is considered to be a stress factor that may lead to burnout. The aim of this study is to explore the ethical problems that may increase burnout levels among physicians and nurses working in Portuguese intensive care units . A quantitative, multicentre, correlational study was conducted among 300 professionals.Results The most crucial ethical decisions made by professionals working in ICU were related to (...)
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  17.  18
    Count on Dopamine: Influences of COMT Polymorphisms on Numerical Cognition.Annelise Júlio-Costa, Andressa M. Antunes, Júlia B. Lopes-Silva, Bárbara C. Moreira, Gabrielle S. Vianna, Guilherme Wood, Maria R. S. Carvalho & Vitor G. Haase - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  18.  5
    Coach Turnover in Top Professional Brazilian Football Championship: A Multilevel Survival Analysis.Alexandre B. Tozetto, Humberto M. Carvalho, Rodolfo S. Rosa, Felipe G. Mendes, Walan R. Silva, Juarez V. Nascimento & Michel Milistetd - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  19.  33
    Ethical Guidance on Human Embryonic and Fetal Tissue Transplantation: A European Overview.G. de Wert, R. L. P. Berghmans, G. J. Boer, S. Andersen, B. Brambati, A. S. Carvalho, K. Dierickx, S. Elliston, P. Nunez, W. Osswald & M. Vicari - 2002 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (1):79-90.
    This article presents an overview ofregulations, guidelines and societal debates ineight member states of the EC about a)embryonic and fetal tissue transplantation(EFTT), and b) the use of human embryonic stemcells (hES cells) for research into celltherapy, including `therapeutic' cloning. Thereappears to be a broad acceptance of EFTT inthese countries. In most countries guidance hasbeen developed. There is a `strong' consensusabout some of the central conditions for `goodclinical practice' regarding EFTT.International differences concern, amongstothers, some of the informed consent issuesinvolved, and the (...)
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  20.  13
    Collection and Dissemination of Fisheries Data in Support of the EU Common Fisheries Policy.H. Dörner, J. Casey, N. Carvalho, D. Damalas, N. Graham, J. Guillen, S. J. Holmes, F. Natale, G. C. Osio, H. J. Rätz, C. Ribeiro & P. Vasilakopoulos - 2018 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 18:15-25.
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  21.  30
    Quaternion-Loop Quantum Gravity.M. D. Maia, S. S. E. Almeida Silva & F. S. Carvalho - 2009 - Foundations of Physics 39 (11):1273-1279.
    It is shown that the Riemannian curvature of the 3-dimensional hypersurfaces in space-time, described by the Wilson loop integral, can be represented by a quaternion quantum operator induced by the SU(2) gauge potential, thus providing a justification for quaternion quantum gravity at the Tev energy scale.
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  22.  14
    [Recensão a] José Maria Garcia Gómez-heras, un paseo Por el laberinto. Sobre política Y religión en el diálogo entre civilizaciones.Claúdio Alexandre S. Carvalho - 2008 - Revista Filosófica de Coimbra 17 (33):617-628.
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  23.  5
    [Recensão a] Steiner, Rudolf. Schriften. Kritische Ausgabe . Band 2: Philosophische Schriften. Wahrheit und Wissenschaft – Die Philosophie der Freiheit. [REVIEW]Cláudio Alexandre S. Carvalho - 2016 - Revista Filosófica de Coimbra 25 (50):447-450.
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  24.  7
    [Recensão a] Yo y Tiempo: La Antropología Filosófica de G.W.F. Hegel.Cláudio Alexandre S. Carvalho - 2011 - Revista Filosófica de Coimbra 20 (39):285-288.
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  25.  5
    A Crise Social Na Atenas de Sólon E o Estabelecimento da Justiça Baseada No Governo da Lei.S. Carvalho & F. J. Neto - 2014 - Humanitas 66:59-85.
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  26.  4
    O problema xxx e o tratamento da condição melancólica em Aristóteles.Cláudio Alexandre S. Carvalho - 2015 - Revista Filosófica de Coimbra 24 (47):27-78.
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  27. Teoria da Mente: A Alma Humana Em Busca de Si Mesma.L. A. V. Carvalho & S. Fuks - 1998 - In John Cottingham (ed.), Descartes. Oxford University Press. pp. 201-215.
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  28. Final Report. A Qualitative Investigation Into the Use of Withdrawal.E. de BenderDusch, M. F. McCann, S. Mayor, E. Hardy, L. C. Santos, M. J. Osis, G. Carvalho, J. G. Cecatti & A. Faundes - 1998 - Journal of Biosocial Science 30 (2):193-225.
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  29.  20
    Recensão a: Rosa, E. B.; Santos; F. B., Marquetti, F.; Dezotti, M. C. C.; Mass i, M. L.; Carvalho, S. M.; Ribeiro Jr., W. A. - Hinos homéricos: tradução, notas e estudo. [REVIEW]Maria de Fátima Silva - 2011 - Humanitas 63:792-794.
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  30.  5
    Reinado de Nossa Senhora do Rosário: a constituição de uma religiosidade mítica afrodescendente no Brasil (Nossa Senhora do Rosário's Reign: the establishment of a mythical afro-descendent religion in Brazil) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2011v9n21p268. [REVIEW]Vânia Noronha - 2011 - Horizonte 9 (21):268-283.
    Normal 0 21 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Resumo O Reinado de Nossa Senhora do Rosário (também conhecido como Congado), manifestação católica, típica dos negros, festa popular e importante no Estado de Minas Gerais funda-se em uma narrativa mítica em torno da Santa de mesmo nome e constitui o imaginário de seus devotos. Compreender como esta religiosidade mítica foi constituída no Brasil é o objetivo desse artigo. Os dados são partes integrantes de tese de doutoramento que adotou a teoria da complexidade (...)
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  31. Does Socrates Have a Method?: Rethinking the Elenchus in Plato's Dialogues and Beyond.Gary Alan Scott (ed.) - 2002 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Although "the Socratic method" is commonly understood as a style of pedagogy involving cross-questioning between teacher and student, there has long been debate among scholars of ancient philosophy about how this method as attributed to Socrates should be defined or, indeed, whether Socrates can be said to have used any single, uniform method at all distinctive to his way of philosophizing. This volume brings together essays by classicists and philosophers examining this controversy anew. The point of departure for many of (...)
     
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  32.  7
    PANAGIA, DAVIDE. Rancière's Sentiments. Duke University Press, 2018, Xv + 145 Pp., 6 B&W Illus., $23.95 Paper.CHANTER, TINA. Art, Politics and Rancière: Broken Perceptions. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2017, Xv + 185 Pp., 2 B&W Illus., £85.00 Cloth. [REVIEW]John M. Carvalho - 2019 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 77 (3):327-333.
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  33. Does Socrates Have a Method?: Rethinking the Elenchus in Plato's Dialogues and Beyond.Gary Alan Scott (ed.) - 2004 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Although "the Socratic method" is commonly understood as a style of pedagogy involving cross-questioning between teacher and student, there has long been debate among scholars of ancient philosophy about how this method as attributed to Socrates should be defined or, indeed, whether Socrates can be said to have used any single, uniform method at all distinctive to his way of philosophizing. This volume brings together essays by classicists and philosophers examining this controversy anew. The point of departure for many of (...)
     
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  34.  25
    R.M. Hare's Solution to the Problems of Descriptivism and Moral Emotivism.Anselmo Carvalho de Oliveira - 2016 - Ideas Y Valores 65 (160):5-28.
    Na primeira parte, argumento que o descritivismo proposto por Moritz Schlick não compreende adequadamente a função dos juízos morais. Na segunda parte, argumento que o emotivismo não apresenta uma explicação adequada para o papel da razão na ética. Na terceira parte, argumento que o prescritivismo universal proposto por R. M. Hare avança na solução dos problemas do emotivismo, porque amplia o papel da razão na ética, e na solução dos problemas do descritivismo, porque compreende a função dos juízos morais na (...)
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  35.  11
    Cyberbullying: preocupação dos professores e o envolvimento da escola // Cyberbullying: preocupation of teachers and school's involvement.Maria José Carvalho de Souza Domingues & Tambosi - 2016 - Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 21 (1):90-103.
    Inicialmente restrita aos muros escolares, a violência entre alunos passou a se manifestar também de forma online, por meio de redes sociais, estabelecendo a expressão cyberbullying. Sob esta perspectiva, há um consenso na literatura da área, de que cabe à escola se posicionar e assumir o compromisso de inibir estas práticas e estimular o convívio pacífico entre os alunos, dentro e fora da escola. Apesar da relevância da questão, a temática do cyberbullying ainda é pouco estudada de forma empírica. Observa-se (...)
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  36. Investigaçao educacional e política(s) da educaçao. Crítica epistemológica à razao antropológica.Adalberto Dias de Carvalho - 1993 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 49 (1):117-133.
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  37.  8
    What It Takes to Make an Image. From Fichte's Thinking Workshop.Mário Jorge de Carvalho - 2014 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 69 (4):701-735.
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  38. Questioning the Self: A Reaction to Carvalho, Press, and Schmid.Joanne B. Waugh - 2002 - In Gary Alan Scott (ed.), Does Socrates Have a Method? Rethinking the Elenchus in Plato's Dialogues and Beyond. The Pennsylvania State University Press. pp. 281-297.
  39. Fitch's Paradox and Level-Bridging Principles.Weng Kin San - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophy.
    Fitch’s Paradox shows that if every truth is knowable, then every truth is known. Standard diagnoses identify the factivity/negative infallibility of the knowledge operator and Moorean contradictions as the root source of the result. This paper generalises Fitch’s result to show that such diagnoses are mistaken. In place of factivity/negative infallibility, the weaker assumption of any ‘level-bridging principle’ suffices. A consequence is that the result holds for some logics in which the “Moorean contradiction” commonly thought to underlie the result is (...)
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  40.  16
    Between Rome and Coimbra: A Preliminary Survey of Two Early Jesuit Psychologies.Mário S. de Carvalho - 2014 - Quaestio 14:91-110.
    Benet Perera was not the first Jesuit to comment Aristotle’s De Anima. In Portugal there was already the tradition of doing it, and the so-called Coimbra Course may be seen as the culmination of such a tradition. Moreover, its approach to philosophy is also different from Perera’s. This paper first of all focuses on the place of scientia de anima, the importance physics has in such a science, and the division of metaphysics or its unity. Secondly, it is stated that (...)
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  41. Salvaging Pascal’s Wager.Elizabeth Jackson & Andrew Rogers - 2019 - Philosophia Christi 21 (1):59-84.
    Many think that Pascal’s Wager is a hopeless failure. A primary reason for this is because a number of challenging objections have been raised to the wager, including the “many gods” objection and the “mixed strategy” objection. We argue that both objections are formal, but not substantive, problems for the wager, and that they both fail for the same reason. We then respond to additional objections to the wager. We show how a version of Pascalian reasoning succeeds, giving us a (...)
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  42. Prisoner's Dilemma Doesn't Explain Much.Robert Northcott & Anna Alexandrova - 2015 - In Martin Peterson (ed.), The Prisoner’s Dilemma. Classic philosophical arguments. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 64-84.
    We make the case that the Prisoner’s Dilemma, notwithstanding its fame and the quantity of intellectual resources devoted to it, has largely failed to explain any phenomena of social scientific or biological interest. In the heart of the paper we examine in detail a famous purported example of Prisoner’s Dilemma empirical success, namely Axelrod’s analysis of WWI trench warfare, and argue that this success is greatly overstated. Further, we explain why this negative verdict is likely true generally and not just (...)
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  43. Kant on Moral Agency and Women's Nature.Mari Mikkola - 2011 - Kantian Review 16 (1):89-111.
    Some commentators have condemned Kant’s moral project from a feminist perspective based on Kant’s apparently dim view of women as being innately morally deficient. Here I will argue that although his remarks concerning women are unsettling at first glance, a more detailed and closer examination shows that Kant’s view of women is actually far more complex and less unsettling than that attributed to him by various feminist critics. My argument, then, undercuts the justification for the severe feminist critique of Kant’s (...)
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  44.  42
    Beyond the Instinct-Inference Dichotomy: A Unified Interpretation of Peirce's Theory of Abduction.Mousa Mohammadian - 2019 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 55 (2):138-160.
    I examine and resolve an exegetical dichotomy between two main interpretations of Peirce’s theory of abduction, namely, the Generative Interpretation and the Pursuitworthiness Interpretation. According to the former, abduction is the instinctive process of generating explanatory hypotheses through a mental faculty called insight. According to the latter, abduction is a rule-governed procedure for determining the relative pursuitworthiness of available hypotheses and adopting the worthiest one for further investigation—such as empirical tests—based on economic considerations. It is shown that the Generative Interpretation (...)
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  45. Curry’s Paradox and Ω -Inconsistency.Andrew Bacon - 2013 - Studia Logica 101 (1):1-9.
    In recent years there has been a revitalised interest in non-classical solutions to the semantic paradoxes. In this paper I show that a number of logics are susceptible to a strengthened version of Curry's paradox. This can be adapted to provide a proof theoretic analysis of the omega-inconsistency in Lukasiewicz's continuum valued logic, allowing us to better evaluate which logics are suitable for a naïve truth theory. On this basis I identify two natural subsystems of Lukasiewicz logic which individually, but (...)
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  46.  76
    Females in Aristotle’s Embryology.Jessica Gelber - 2017 - In Andrea Falcon and David Lefebvre (ed.), Aristotle’s Generation of Animals: A Critical Guide. pp. 171-187.
    How does Aristotle view the production of females? The prevailing view is that Aristotle thinks female births are teleological failures of a process aiming to produce males. However, as I argue, that is not a view Aristotle ever expresses, and it blatantly contradicts what he does explicitly say about female births: Aristotle believes that females are and come to be for the sake of something, namely, reproduction. I argue that an alternative to that prevailing view, according to which the embryo’s (...)
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  47. The Good, the Bad, and the Badass: On the Descriptive Adequacy of Kant's Conception of Moral Evil.Mark Timmons - 2017 - In Significance and System: Essays on Kant's Ethics. New York, USA: pp. 293-330.
    This chapter argues for an interpretation of Kant's psychology of moral evil that accommodates the so-called excluded middle cases and allows for variations in the magnitude of evil. The strategy involves distinguishing Kant's transcendental psychology from his empirical psychology and arguing that Kant's character rigorism is restricted to the transcendental level. The chapter also explains how Kant's theory of moral evil accommodates 'the badass'; someone who does evil for evil's sake.
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  48.  68
    Pascal’s Wager and the Origins of Decision Theory: Decision-Making by Real Decision-Makers.James Franklin - 2018 - In Paul Bartha & Lawrence Pasternack (eds.), Pascal's Wager. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 27-44.
    Pascal’s Wager does not exist in a Platonic world of possible gods, abstract probabilities and arbitrary payoffs. Real decision-makers, such as Pascal’s “man of the world” of 1660, face a range of religious options they take to be serious, with fixed probabilities grounded in their evidence, and with utilities that are fixed quantities in actual minds. The many ingenious objections to the Wager dreamed up by philosophers do not apply in such a real decision matrix. In the situation Pascal addresses, (...)
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  49.  28
    Perpetuation of Retracted Publications Using the Example of the Scott S. Reuben Case: Incidences, Reasons and Possible Improvements.Helmar Bornemann-Cimenti, Istvan S. Szilagyi & Andreas Sandner-Kiesling - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (4):1063-1072.
    In 2009, Scott S. Reuben was convicted of fabricating data, which lead to 25 of his publications being retracted. Although it is clear that the perpetuation of retracted articles negatively effects the appraisal of evidence, the extent to which retracted literature is cited had not previously been investigated. In this study, to better understand the perpetuation of discredited research, we examine the number of citations of Reuben’s articles within 5 years of their retraction. Citations of Reuben’s retracted articles were assessed (...)
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  50. Simpson's Paradox and Causality.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay, Mark Greenwood, Don Dcruz & Venkata Raghavan - 2015 - American Philosophical Quarterly 52 (1):13-25.
    There are three questions associated with Simpson’s Paradox (SP): (i) Why is SP paradoxical? (ii) What conditions generate SP?, and (iii) What should be done about SP? By developing a logic-based account of SP, it is argued that (i) and (ii) must be divorced from (iii). This account shows that (i) and (ii) have nothing to do with causality, which plays a role only in addressing (iii). A counterexample is also presented against the causal account. Finally, the causal and logic-based (...)
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