Computational models

A different way of thinking about how the sciences are organized is suggested by the use of cross‐disciplinary computational methods as the organizing unit of science, here called computational templates. The structure of computational models is articulated using the concepts of construction assumptions and correction sets. The existence of these features indicates that certain conventionalist views are incorrect, in particular it suggests that computational models come with an interpretation that cannot be removed as well as a prior justification. A form of selective realism is described which denies that one can simply read the ontological commitments from the theory itself
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DOI 10.1086/341763
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Paul Humphreys (1990). Computer Simulations. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:497 - 506.

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