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Profile: Tarja Knuuttila (University of South Carolina)
  1. Tarja Knuuttila & Andrea Loettgers (forthcoming). Synthetic Modeling and Mechanistic Account: Material Recombination and Beyond. Philosophical Explorations 80 (5):874-885.
    Recently, Bechtel and Abrahamsen have argued that mathematical models study the dynamics of mechanisms by recomposing the components and their operations into an appropriately organized system. We will study this claim through the practice of combinational modeling in circadian clock research. In combinational modeling, experiments on model organisms and mathematical/computational models are combined with a new type of model—a synthetic model. We argue that the strategy of recomposition is more complicated than what Bechtel and Abrahamsen indicate. Moreover, synthetic modeling as (...)
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  2. Gabriele Gramelsberger, Tarja Knuuttila & Axel Gelfert (2013). Philosophical Perspectives on Synthetic Biology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (2):119-121.
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  3. Tarja Knuuttila & Andrea Loettgers (2013). Basic Science Through Engineering? Synthetic Modeling and the Idea of Biology-Inspired Engineering. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (2):158-169.
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  4. Tarja Knuuttila & Andrea Loettgers (2013). Synthetic Biology as an Engineering Science? Analogical Reasoning, Synthetic Modeling, and Integration. In. In Hanne Andersen, Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao González, Thomas Uebel & Gregory Wheeler (eds.), New Challenges to Philosophy of Science. Springer Verlag. 163--177.
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  5. Tarja Knuuttila (2012). Contradictions of Commercialization: Revealing the Norms of Science? Philosophy of Science 79 (5):833-844.
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  6. Tarja Knuuttila (2011). Modelling and Representing: An Artefactual Approach to Model-Based Representation. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 42 (2):262-271.
    The recent discussion on scientific representation has focused on models and their relationship to the real world. It has been assumed that models give us knowledge because they represent their supposed real target systems. However, here agreement among philosophers of science has tended to end as they have presented widely different views on how representation should be understood. I will argue that the traditional representational approach is too limiting as regards the epistemic value of modelling given the focus on the (...)
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  7. Tarja Knuuttila (2011). Scientific Models in Philosophy of Science. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (4):437-440.
    Scientists have used models for hundreds of years as a means of describing phenomena and as a basis for further analogy. In Scientific Models in Philosophy of Science, Daniela Bailer-Jones assembles an original and comprehensive philosophical analysis of how models have been used and interpreted in both historical and contemporary contexts. Bailer-Jones delineates the many forms models can take (ranging from equations to animals; from physical objects to theoretical constructs), and how they are put to use. She examines early mechanical (...)
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  8. Tarja Knuuttila & Mieke Boon (2011). How Do Models Give Us Knowledge? The Case of Carnot's Ideal Heat Engine. European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1 (3):309-334.
  9. Tarja Knuuttila & Andrea Loettgers (2011). Causal Isolation Robustness Analysis: The Combinatorial Strategy of Circadian Clock Research. Biology and Philosophy 26 (5):773-791.
    This paper distinguishes between causal isolation robustness analysis and independent determination robustness analysis and suggests that the triangulation of the results of different epistemic means or activities serves different functions in them. Circadian clock research is presented as a case of causal isolation robustness analysis: in this field researchers made use of the notion of robustness to isolate the assumed mechanism behind the circadian rhythm. However, in contrast to the earlier philosophical case studies on causal isolation robustness analysis (Weisberg and (...)
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  10. Tarja Knuuttila & Andrea Loettgers (2011). The Productive Tension : Mechanisms Vs. Templates in Modeling the Phenomena. In Paul Humphreys & Cyrille Imbert (eds.), Models, Simulations, and Representations. Routledge.
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  11. Tarja Knuuttila (2010). Some Consequences of the Pragmatist Approach to Representation. In. In M. Dorato M. Suàrez (ed.), Epsa Epistemology and Methodology of Science. Springer. 139--148.
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  12. Tarja Knuuttila & Aki Petteri Lehtinen (eds.) (2010). Representaatio: Tiedon Kivijalasta Tieteiden Työkaluksi. Gaudeamus Helsinki University Press.
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  13. Tarja Knuuttila (2009). Isolating Representations Versus Credible Constructions? Economic Modelling in Theory and Practice. Erkenntnis 70 (1):59 - 80.
    This paper examines two recent approaches to the nature and functioning of economic models: models as isolating representations and models as credible constructions. The isolationist view conceives of economic models as surrogate systems that isolate some of the causal mechanisms or tendencies of their respective target systems, while the constructionist approach treats them rather like pure constructions or fictional entities that nevertheless license different kinds of inferences. I will argue that whereas the isolationist view is still tied to the representationalist (...)
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  14. Tarja Knuuttila & Martina Merz (2009). An Objectual Approach to Scientific Understanding: The Case of Models. In Henk De Regt, Sabina Leonelli & Kai Eigner (eds.), Scientific Understanding: Philosophical Perspectives. University of Pittsburgh Press. 146--168.
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  15. Tarja Knuuttila (2007). Language Technological Models as Epistemic Artefacts: The Case of Constraint Grammar Parser. In Gordana Dodig Crnkovic & Susan Stuart (eds.), Computation, Information, Cognition: The Nexus and the Liminal. Cambridge Scholars Press. 280--289.
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  16. Tarja Knuuttila (2007). Review of Roger E. Backhouse, Bradley W. Bateman (Eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Keynes. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (4).
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  17. Tarja Knuuttila (2005). Models, Representation, and Mediation. Philosophy of Science 72 (5):1260-1271.
    Representation has been one of the main themes in the recent discussion of models. Several authors have argued for a pragmatic approach to representation that takes users and their interpretations into account. It appears to me, however, that this emphasis on representation places excessive limitations on our view of models and their epistemic value. Models should rather be thought of as epistemic artifacts through which we gain knowledge in diverse ways. Approaching models this way stresses their materiality and media-specificity. Focusing (...)
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  18. Tarja Knuuttila (2005). Questioning External and Internal Representation The Case of Scientific Models Tarja Knuuttila and Timo Honkela. In. In L. Magnani & R. Dossena (eds.), Computing, Philosophy and Cognition. 4--209.
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  19. Tarja Knuuttila (2003). Is Representation Really in Crisis? Semiotica 2003 (143).
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  20. Tarja Knuuttila & Atro Voutilainen (2003). A Parser as an Epistemic Artifact: A Material View on Models. Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1484-1495.
    The purpose of this paper is to suggest that models in scientific practice can be conceived of as epistemic artifacts. Approaching models this way accommodates many such things that working scientists themselves call models but that the semantic conception of models does not duly recognize as such. That models are epistemic artifacts implies, firstly, that they cannot be understood apart from purposeful human activity; secondly, that they are somehow materialized inhabitants of the intersubjective field of that activity; and thirdly, that (...)
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