David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Rutgers Law Review 55 (3):671-739 (2003)
Thousands die each year in the United States alone due to a severe shortage of organs available for transplantation. In this article, I propose that we encourage people to register to donate organs upon death by offering them some priority to receive an organ should they need one during life. Such an incentive would save lives by encouraging many more people to donate, yet would not violate federal laws that prohibit organ donors from receiving financial compensation. In addition, I describe how priority incentives could, in theory, be structured to guarantee a distribution of organs that is pareto superior to our current one. I respond to critics who say that priority incentives would weaken the altruistic nature of our current donation scheme and would unacceptably commodify the human body. A fuller conception of our property interests in cadaver organs, I argue, reveals the error of elevating such organs to a special place of honor reserved for property that should be inalienable through market-style exchange.
|Keywords||organ donation bioethics transplantation distributive justice pareto superiority|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
David Steinberg (2004). An "Opting in" Paradigm for Kidney Transplantation. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (4):4 – 14.
F. G. Miller, R. D. Truog & D. W. Brock (2010). The Dead Donor Rule: Can It Withstand Critical Scrutiny? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (3):299-312.
Mike Collins (2010). Reevaluating the Dead Donor Rule. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (2):1-26.
Clifford Earle Bartz (2003). Operation Blue, ULTRA: DION--The Donation Inmate Organ Network. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (1):37-43.
Patricia A. Marshall, David C. Thomasma & Abdallah S. Daar (1996). Marketing Human Organs: The Autonomy Paradox. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (1).
Havi Carel & Greg Tuck (2010). Film as Philosophy. The Philosophers' Magazine 50 (50):30-31.
Jeremy Snyder (2009). Easy Rescues and Organ Transplantation. HEC Forum 21 (1):27-53.
André Krom (2005). Earning Points for Moral Behavior. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (1):73-83.
Mark T. Nelson (1991). The Morality of a Free Market for Transplant Organs. Public Affairs Quarterly 5 (1):63-79.
Added to index2010-07-09
Total downloads12 ( #127,753 of 1,100,778 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #289,565 of 1,100,778 )
How can I increase my downloads?