Graduate studies at Western
Behavior and Philosophy 30:1 - 13 (2002)
|Abstract||The central claim of this paper is that radical behaviorism and cognitive psychology can both make important contributions to an experimental analysis of a cognitive skill such as memory performance. Though they currently differ in what constitutes an explanation of many phenomena, behaviorists and cognitive psychologists share interests in such human activities as problem solving and memory. We show how the behavioral approach may apply to one case that seems to epitomize cognition—the dramatic improvement in the memory span performance of one individual on a task often used by cognitive psychologists to assess short-term memory. After 230 hours of practice, ability to recall random digits improved from a span of 7 digits to a span of 80. Although a detailed account of the mechanisms that mediated such improvement has been given, we show that the acquisition of such exceptional memory skill can also be explained within the framework of behavior analysis.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
John Sutton (2003). Constructive Memory and Distributed Cognition: Towards an Interdisciplinary Framework. In B. Kokinov & W Hirst (eds.), Constructive Memory. New Bulgarian University.
Gordon R. Foxall (1999). The Contextual Stance. Philosophical Psychology 12 (1):25-46.
Lev P. Latash (1997). LTP is Neither a Memory Trace nor an Ultimate Mechanism for its Formation: The Beginning of the End of the Synaptic Theory of Neural Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):621-622.
Rosaleen A. McCarthy & E. K. Warrington (1999). Backtracking? Rehearsing and Replaying Some Old Arguments About Short-Term Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):107-108.
John Sutton (2004). Representation, Reduction, and Interdisciplinarity in the Sciences of Memory. In Hugh Clapin (ed.), Representation in Mind. Elsevier.
William Bechtel (2008). Mechanisms in Cognitive Psychology: What Are the Operations? Philosophy of Science 75 (5):983-994.
Norman H. Anderson (1997). Functional Memory Versus Reproductive Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):19-20.
Joaquín M. Fuster (2003). More Than Working Memory Rides on Long-Term Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):737-737.
John H. Mace (2003). Involuntary Aware Memory Enhances Priming on a Conceptual Implicit Memory Task. American Journal of Psychology 116 (2):281-290.
John Sutton (2007). Batting, Habit, and Memory: The Embodied Mind and the Nature of Skill. Sport in Society 10 (5):763-786.
Niels A. Taatgen (2001). Dispelling the Magic: Towards Memory Without Capacity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):147-148.
John N. Towse, Graham J. Hitch & Una Hutton (1999). The Resource King is Dead! Long Live the Resource King! Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):111-111.
P. Graf & B. Uttl (2001). Prospective Memory: A New Focus for Research. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (4):437-450.
John N. Towse (2001). Memory Limits: “Give Us an Answer!”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):150-151.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads4 ( #189,406 of 740,432 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,802 of 740,432 )
How can I increase my downloads?