David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 169 (3):521 - 538 (2009)
Using four examples of models and computer simulations from the history of psychology, I discuss some of the methodological aspects involved in their construction and use, and I illustrate how the existence of a model can demonstrate the viability of a hypothesis that had previously been deemed impossible on a priori grounds. This shows a new way in which scientists can learn from models that extends the analysis of Morgan (1999), who has identified the construction and manipulation of models as those phases in which learning from models takes place.
|Keywords||Cognitive psychology Computer simulations Learning Models History of psychology Scientific practice Clark L. Hull William Grey Walter Methodology|
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References found in this work BETA
Roberto Cordeschi (1991). The Discovery of the Artificial: Some Protocybernetic Developments 1930-1940. Artificial Intelligence and Society 5 (3):218-238.
Roman Frigg & Stephan Hartmann (2005). Scientific Models. In Sahotra Sarkar et al (ed.), The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia, Vol. 2. Routledge.
Rhodri Hayward (2001). The Tortoise and the Love-Machine: Grey Walter and the Politics of Electroencephalography. Science in Context 14 (4).
Citations of this work BETA
Julian Reiss (2012). The Explanation Paradox. Journal of Economic Methodology 19 (1):43-62.
Till Grüne-Yanoff (2009). Learning From Minimal Economic Models. Erkenntnis 70 (1):81 - 99.
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