David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 22 (3):277 – 292 (2008)
Scientists of many disciplines use theoretical models to explain and predict the dynamics of the world. They often have to rely on digital computer simulations to draw predictions fromthe model. But to deliver phenomenologically adequate results, simulations deviate from the assumptions of the theoretical model. Therefore the role of simulations in scientific explanation demands itself an explanation. This paper analyzes the relation between real-world system, theoretical model, and simulation. It is argued that simulations do not explain processes in the real world directly. The way in which simulations help explaining real-world processes is conceived as indirect, mediated by the theoretical model. Simulacra are characterized further, and turn out to be a priori measurable. This gives a clue to a better understanding of the epistemic role of computer simulations in scientific research.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Peter K. Machamer, Lindley Darden & Carl F. Craver (2000). Thinking About Mechanisms. Philosophy of Science 67 (1):1-25.
Stuart Glennan (2002). Rethinking Mechanistic Explanation. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S342-353.
Stuart S. Glennan (1996). Mechanisms and the Nature of Causation. Erkenntnis 44 (1):49--71.
Paul Humphreys (2004). Extending Ourselves Computational Science, Empiricism, and Scientific Method. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
Carl F. Craver (2001). Role Functions, Mechanisms, and Hierarchy. Philosophy of Science 68 (1):53-74.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Patrick Grim, Robert Rosenberger, Adam Rosenfeld, Brian Anderson & Robb E. Eason (2013). How Simulations Fail. Synthese 190 (12):2367-2390.
John Zeimbekis (2011). Thought Experiments and Mental Simulations. In Katerina Ierodiakonou & Sophie Roux (eds.), Thought Experiments in Methodological and Historical Contexts. Brill
Sara Franceschelli (2009). Computer Simulations as Experiments. Synthese 169 (3):557 - 574.
William Spees (2001). Ethical Responsibilities of Software Developers in Developing Simulations. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 15 (1):59-64.
Stephan Hartmann (1996). The World as a Process: Simulations in the Natural and Social Sciences. In Rainer Hegselmann (ed.), Modelling and Simulation in the Social Sciences from the Philosophy of Science Point of View.
Keith R. Sawyer (2004). Social Explanation and Computational Simulation. Philosophical Explorations 7 (3):219 – 231.
Peter Krebs (2007). Virtual Models and Simulations. Techne 11 (1):42-54.
Donald R. Franceschetti (2001). Biorobotic Simulations Might Offer Some Advantages Over Purely Computational Ones. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (6):1058-1059.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads128 ( #27,531 of 1,789,728 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #121,568 of 1,789,728 )
How can I increase my downloads?