Vivarium

ISSN: 0042-7543

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  1.  2
    Thomas Aquinas on the Metaphysics of the Human Act, by Can Laurens Löwe.Han Thomas Adriaenssen - 2022 - Vivarium 60 (4):390-394.
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  2. Future Contingents and the Iterated Exchange.Jon Bornholdt - 2022 - Vivarium 60 (4):296-324.
    In his Reportatio super Sententias (ca. 1321–1323), Walter Chatton proposes a solution to the problem of future contingents based on propositional analysis. Future-tense statements must be disambiguated with the help of a scope distinction between temporal and truth operators, such that a statement like “Socrates will sit” comes out either as (1) “it is true now that Socrates will sit,” or (2) “it will be true that Socrates sits.” On the first analysis, Socrates’s action is necessitated, whereas on the second (...)
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  3.  1
    The Role of the Will in Chatton’s and Ockham’s Theories of Consciousness.Lydia Deni Gamboa - 2022 - Vivarium 60 (4):273-295.
    According to Ockham and Chatton, every cognitive process through which one genuinely cognizes a mental state involves a reflexive act of the will. They think that such an act is necessary to explain why we do not genuinely cognize every present mental act. With respect to a present extra-mental thing, an act of the will can only be elicited once such thing has been intuitively apprehended, because according to both authors one cannot voluntarily desire something whose existence one does not (...)
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  4. Possibility and Necessity in the Time of Peter Abelard, by Irene Binini.Simo Knuuttila - 2022 - Vivarium 60 (4):387-389.
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  5.  2
    Geraldus Odonis on Atomism.Andrei Marinca - 2022 - Vivarium 60 (4):325-386.
    The Franciscan Geraldus Odonis (d. 1349) presented his indivisibilist theory of continua in Paris at a time when similar theses were advanced in the studia across the Channel. The Chancellor of the University of Oxford, Henry of Harclay (d. 1317), caused considerable stir among his colleagues by endorsing a mathematical atomism, and his most famous follower, Walter Chatton, O. F. M., developed his brand of atomism in the early 1320s. The present article focuses on one of the five different redactions (...)
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  6. Les sphères, les astres et les théologiens: l’influence céleste entre science et foi dans les commentaires des Sentences (v. 1200–v. 1340), by Maria Sorokina. [REVIEW]H. Darrel Rutkin - 2022 - Vivarium 60 (4):395-400.
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  7. In Memoriam Simo Knuuttila.Mikko Yrjönsuuri - 2022 - Vivarium 60 (4):271-272.
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  8.  13
    The De re–De dicto Distinction.Irene Binini - 2022 - Vivarium 60 (2-3):162-191.
    The identification of two possible readings – de re and de dicto – of modal claims is considered one of the greatest achievements of Abelard’s logic. In the Dialectica and the Logica “Ingredientibus,” Abelard uses this distinction as a basis for his modal semantics and theory of modalities. Rather than focusing on Abelard’s own theory, the aim of this article is to pay attention to a number of sources that – like Abelard’s logical works – are datable to the first (...)
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  9.  10
    Abelard on Eternal Truths.Enrico Donato - 2022 - Vivarium 60 (2-3):226-247.
    This article reconstructs Abelard’s account of eternal truths as it is presented in the Dialectica, in the so-called Sententiae Parisienses, and in the Theologia “Scholarium.” It first shows how in the Dialectica Abelard had to transform the traditional account of topical inferences in order to make sense of the idea that true conditional propositions express eternal truths. It clarifies Abelard’s claim that eternal truths are grounded on the “nature of things” and explains why Abelard thought that these truths hold even (...)
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  10.  4
    This Woman Is a Father? The Albricani on a Puzzle about Relations.Heine Hansen - 2022 - Vivarium 60 (2-3):248-270.
    Medieval philosophers had a predilection for using the correlative pair father and son as an illustrative example in their discussions of relations. The use of this example has sometimes led to charges of confusion on the grounds that fatherhood and sonship are not proper converses. The present article shows how a group of twelfth-century philosophers from the milieu around the logician Alberic of Paris handled the problems arising from the use of this illustrative example which they had inherited from their (...)
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  11.  7
    Introduction: Special Issue on the Twelfth-Century Logical Schools.John Marenbon & Heine Hansen - 2022 - Vivarium 60 (2-3):113-136.
    This special issue grew out of a small conference The Known & the Unknown: Exploring Twelfth-Century Philosophy, which was funded by the Carlsberg Foundation, hosted by the Saxo Institute, and held at the University of Copenhagen in April 2018. Its central topic was the many, mostly unexplored, commentaries on Aristotle, Boethius, and Porphyry that constitute the key textual evidence for a fascinating phenomenon that, although it played a pivotal role in the philosophical revival of Western Europe, remains frustratingly underexplored to (...)
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  12.  5
    The Grammar and Logic of Oneness and Number at the Beginning of the Twelfth Century.Christopher J. Martin - 2022 - Vivarium 60 (2-3):137-161.
    The study of the interdependence of grammar and logic at the beginning of the twelfth century is a difficult subject and progress here has been slow. With the recent publication of the Notae Dunelmenses, however, we are now able to see rather more clearly how closely the two disciplines were bound to one another. The following article draws upon this newly published material and on unpublished material from contemporary commentaries on Aristotle’s Categories to investigate how the grammarians’ account of number (...)
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  13.  5
    Mental Actions in Semantics On Abelard’s Question “Can a True Proposition Generate a False Understanding?”: A Tentative Interpretation.Federico Viri - 2022 - Vivarium 60 (2-3):192-225.
    This article aims to demonstrate the interdependence of semantics and noetics against the referentialist trend in Abelard studies conceiving semantics as confined to the truth/falsity function. The article takes as a turning point of the argument Abelard’s question “can a true proposition generate a false understanding?” which secondary literature does not take into account. Starting from the analysis of this question, the article aims to show the development of an enhanced notion of understanding compared to the Boethian one. The core (...)
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  14.  10
    Ockham and Chatton on Intellective Intuition.Fabrizio Amerini - 2022 - Vivarium 60 (1):63-92.
    Intellective intuitive cognition plays a key role in William of Ockham’s philosophy. On many occasions, Walter Chatton argues that this kind of cognition is unnecessary. Chatton has two main arguments for his point. First, he raises doubts about the possibility of distinguishing intellective intuitive cognition from sensory intuitive cognition. The former always arises with the latter, and whatever we can explain through the former, we can explain equally well through the latter. Second, he argues that we cannot separate the intellective (...)
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  15.  4
    The Political Animal in Medieval Philosophy. A Philosophical Study of the Commentary Tradition c. 1260–c. 1410, by Juhana Toivanen. [REVIEW]Roberto Lambertini - 2022 - Vivarium 60 (1):105-112.
  16.  4
    Il De luce di Bartolomeo da Bologna. Studio e edizione, by Francesca Galli.Mattia Mantovani - 2022 - Vivarium 60 (1):93-104.
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  17.  3
    Dietrich of Freiberg’s Theory of Perfectional Forms.Sylvain Roudaut - 2022 - Vivarium 60 (1):28-62.
    This article investigates the philosophical elaboration of the concept of “perfectional form” in Dietrich of Freiberg’s works. Although Dietrich draws on the traditional notion of perfection to a certain extent, it appears that in his view, what he calls perfectional forms represent a special type of form distinct from the classical division between substantial and accidental forms. The main part of the article analyzes the different uses of this concept made by Dietrich, from his theory of light to his views (...)
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