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  1.  3
    Review of Andalus and Sefarad: On Philosophy and Its History in Islamic Spain. By Sarah Stroumsa. [REVIEW]Anke Ayse Akasoy - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):1026-1028.
    Andalus and Sefarad: On Philosophy and Its History in Islamic Spain. By Sarah Stroumsa. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2019. Pp. xxi + 220. $35, £28.
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  2. Review of Glazed Brick Decoration in the Ancient Near East: Proceedings of a Workshop at the 11th International Congress of the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East (Munich) in April 2018. Edited by Anja Fügert and Helen Gries. [REVIEW]Pauline Albenda - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):988-990.
    Glazed Brick Decoration in the Ancient Near East: Proceedings of a Workshop at the 11th International Congress of the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East (Munich) in April 2018. Edited by Anja Fügert and Helen Gries. Oxford: Archaeopress, 2020. Pp. iii + 122, illus. £30.
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  3. Clues to the Presence of an Assyrian Administration in the Mahidasht Plain, Kermanshah, Iran.Sajjad Alibaigi & John MacGinnis - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):773-788.
    Large sculpted circular door sockets are a characteristic feature of Neo-Assyrian monumental architecture and have been found in palaces, temples, and admin- istrative centers both at core imperial sites such as Khorsabad and Nimrud and at provincial capitals such as Till-Barsib, Arslan-Tash, and Ziyaret Tepe. In the case of Iran, although the Assyrians controlled significant parts of the country, especially in the eighth century Bce, research into their presence in that period has until now been very limited. Even so, there (...)
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  4. Against Ptolemy?Omar Anchassi - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):851-881.
    This article explores how mutakallimūn engaged with competing visions of the cosmos—traditionalist and Aristotelian-Ptolemaic—to the beginning of the sixth/ twelfth century. Drawing on works of kalām, Quran commentary, and items from other genres, I demonstrate that rationalist theologians remained divided on such questions as the shape of the earth to the end of this period. These disagreements, moreover, cannot be explained in terms of school affiliation. Based on a comprehensive examination of published sources, I argue that cosmographical opinion among mutakallimūn (...)
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  5. Review of Krishna’s Lineage: The Harivamsha of Vyāsa’s Mahābhārata. Translated from the Sanskrit by Simon Brodbeck. [REVIEW]Tracy Coleman - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):1005-1009.
    Krishna’s Lineage: The Harivamsha of Vyāsa’s Mahābhārata. Translated from the Sanskrit by Simon Brodbeck. New York: Oxford University Press, 2019. Pp. xxxx + 420. $99 (cloth), $29.95 (paper).
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  6. So-Called Preterite Prefix Conjugation in the Aramaic of the Bible and Qumran.Andrew Glen Daniel - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):789-816.
    The Aramaic of the Bible and Qumran, unlike Imperial Aramaic, possesses a unique prefix conjugation that functions as a narrative tense. Aramaists have appealed to various notions of tense, aspect, text-linguistics, and even Hebrew and Akkadian influence to solve the conundrum of the so-called preterite prefix conjugation. A novel proposal is offered here, based on the semantic category of modality. By beginning with future functions of the prefix conjugation and working backward through the present temporal sphere to occurrences in the (...)
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  7. Front Matter. Editors - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4).
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  8. Review of Becoming Diaspora Jews: Behind the Story of Elephantine. By Karel van der Toorn. [REVIEW]Lisbeth S. Fried - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):990-992.
    Becoming Diaspora Jews: Behind the Story of Elephantine. By Karel van der Toorn. The Anchor Yale Bible Reference Library. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2019. Pp. xi + 270. $65.
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  9. Review of Muslim-Christian Polemics in Safavid Iran. By Alberto Tiburcio. [REVIEW]Kioumars Ghereghlou - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):996-998.
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  10. Acquainted with Grief.Robert P. Goldman - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):883-914.
    The authors of the numerous medieval and early modern Sanskrit-medium commentaries on the various recensions and sub-recensions of the Vālmīkirāmāyaṇa frequently found themselves in a somewhat awkward hermeneutical position. The epic itself, like many Indic texts, is highly revered both as a religious text, one of the earliest and most influential Vaiṣṇava texts, and as a literary work that is not only a great poem but indeed the very first poem and the fons et origo of all subsequent poetry. Moreover, (...)
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  11. Violence, Vigilantism, and Virtue.Kelsey Granger - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):915-934.
    While less common than narratives about their male counterparts, accounts of female avengers are scattered throughout Chinese literature and historiography. Nevertheless, despite being included in a variety of genres and modes of writing, the extant corpus of Tang and pre-Tang female avengers appear to share remarkably similar tropes, tensions, and outcomes. In this article, I will explore how three tensions are apparent across Tang and pre-Tang female avenger accounts through the case study of narratives about Xie Xiao’e 謝小娥, a woman (...)
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  12. Review of Regional Literature and the Transmission of Culture: Chinese Drum Ballads, 1800–1937. By Margaret B. Wan. [REVIEW]Li Guo - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):1019-1023.
    Regional Literature and the Transmission of Culture: Chinese Drum Ballads, 1800–1937. By Margaret B. Wan. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, 2020. Pp. xxii + 434. $75.
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  13. Review of A Literary History of Medicine: The ʿUyūn al-anbāʾ fī ṭabaqāt al-aṭibbāʾ of Ibn Abī Uṣaybiʿah. Edited and translated by Emilie Savage-Smith, Simon Swain, and Geert Jan van Gelder. [REVIEW]Konrad Hirschler - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):1001-1003.
    A Literary History of Medicine: The ʿUyūn al-anbāʾ fī ṭabaqāt al-aṭibbāʾ of Ibn Abī Uṣaybiʿah. Edited and translated by Emilie Savage-Smith, Simon Swain, and Geert Jan van Gelder. Handbuch für Orientalistik, 1: The Near and Middle East, vol. 134. 5 vols. Leiden: Brill, 2020. $865. Open access: https://scholarlyeditions.brill.com/lhom/.
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  14. Review of Man’yōshū Book 16: A New English Translation Containing the Original Text, Kana Transliteration, Romanization, Glossing and Commentary. By Alexander Vovin. [REVIEW]John Kupchik - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):1014-1016.
    Man’yōshū Book 16: A New English Translation Containing the Original Text, Kana Transliteration, Romanization, Glossing and Commentary. By Alexander Vovin. Leiden: Brill, 2021. Pp. xviii + 199. $168.
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  15. Review of Hittite Local Cults. By Michele Cammarosano. [REVIEW]Timothy D. Leonard - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):992-994.
    Hittite Local Cults. By Michele Cammarosano. Writings from the Ancient World, vol. 39. Atlanta: SBL Press, 2018. Pp. xxv + 510, illus. $69.95 (paper).
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  16. Review of A Fashionable Century: Textile Artistry and Commerce in the Late Qing. By Rachel Silberstein. [REVIEW]Kate A. Lingley - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):1023-1025.
    A Fashionable Century: Textile Artistry and Commerce in the Late Qing. By Rachel Silberstein. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2020. Pp. xvii + 276. $65.
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  17. Following Their Own Customs.Haiwei Liu - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):935-953.
    Different interpretations exist regarding Khubilai’s 1280 edict prohibiting the Muslim method of slaughtering sheep and the practice of circumcision. By analyzing primary sources in the Chinese and Persian languages this article provides a new translation of the original text of the edict, showing that the Yuan established as a guiding principle that each subject group should follow its own customs. This article argues that the Yuan government prohibited the two Muslim practices because Mongol rulers believed that Muslims violated the guiding (...)
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  18. Early Reception of Yu Xin in the Sixth and Seventh Centuries.Yiyi Luo - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):955-973.
    This article investigates the early reception of Yu Xin, one of the most important court writers of the sixth century in China. It traces portrayals and evaluations of Yu Xin and his work from the late years of the Northern Zhou (557–581) to the early Tang (618–907) by focusing on four texts of different nature: a preface to the literary collection of Yu Xin dated to 579, his biography in the Zhoushu, and two discourses in historical records that evaluate his (...)
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  19. Review of Arabic Historical Dialectology: Linguistic and Sociolinguistic Approaches. Edited by Clive Holes. [REVIEW]Alexander Magidow - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4).
    Arabic Historical Dialectology: Linguistic and Sociolinguistic Approaches. Edited by Clive Holes. New York: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. xix + 422. $115, £84.
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  20. Stray Nuzi-Type Tablet, Probably from Kurruḫanni, and Its Possible Meaning.M. P. Maidman - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):817-824.
    This article presents a preliminary study of an unusual Nuzi-type text. A transliteration, translation, and commentary are offered. It transpires that the text is an internal bureaucratic memorandum from ancient Kurruḫanni (very likely Tell al-Faḫḫar) dealing with barley belonging(?) / owed(?) to certain men.
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  21. Review of Shen Gua’s Empiricism. By Ya Zuo. [REVIEW]Xiao Rao - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):1017-1019.
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  22. Review of Alphabet Scribes in the Land of Cuneiform: Sēpiru Professionals in Mesopotamia in the Neo-Babylonian and Achaemenid Periods. By Yigal Bloch. [REVIEW]Jan Safford - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):983-985.
    Alphabet Scribes in the Land of Cuneiform: Sēpiru Professionals in Mesopotamia in the Neo-Babylonian and Achaemenid Periods. By Yigal Bloch. Gorgias Studies in the Ancient Near East, vol. 11. Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2018. Pp. xv + 497. $99.
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  23.  1
    Review of Georg Bühler’s Contribution to Indology. By Amruta Chintaman Natu. [REVIEW]Richard Salomon - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):1003-1005.
    Georg Bühler’s Contribution to Indology. By Amruta Chintaman Natu. Harvard Oriental Series, Opera Minora, vol. 12. Piscataway NJ: Gorgias Press, 2020. Pp. xx + 235. $114.95 (cloth and PDF).
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  24. Review of Human Being, Bodily Being: Phenomenology from Classical India. By Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad. [REVIEW]Martha Ann Selby - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):1009-1011.
    Human Being, Bodily Being: Phenomenology from Classical India. By Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. viii + 204.
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  25. Review of Winged Stallions and Wicked Mares: Horses in Indian Myth and History. By Wendy Doniger. [REVIEW]Barbora Sojkova - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):1011-1013.
    Winged Stallions and Wicked Mares: Horses in Indian Myth and History. By Wendy Doniger. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2021. Pp. 300. $35.
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  26. Review of Flüche und unfromme Wünsche in der arabischen Sprache und Literatur. By Manfred Ullmann. [REVIEW]Devin J. Stewart - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):998-1000.
    Flüche und unfromme Wünsche in der arabischen Sprache und Literatur. By Manfred Ullmann. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2020. Pp. 245. €58 (paper).
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  27. Toward a Sunni Consensus on the Rightly Guided Caliphs.I. -Wen Su - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):825-849.
    This article studies how the ʿUthmānī position endorsing the first three caliphs, which was embraced by the majority of the ahl al-ḥadīth in the first two centuries of Islam, came to be replaced by the four-caliph thesis. It examines variations in the narrations of different chains of transmission of Ibn ʿUmar’s tradition in relation to the geographical affiliation and movements of the transmitters active in the late eighth and early ninth centuries. The analysis suggests that Ibn ʿUmar’s tradition was present (...)
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  28. Review of Der ägyptische Tempel als ritueller Raum: Akten der internationalen Tagung, Haus der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften, 9.–12. Juni 2015. Edited by Stefan Baumann and Holger Kockelmann. [REVIEW]Christoffer Theis - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):985-988.
    Der ägyptische Tempel als ritueller Raum: Akten der internationalen Tagung, Haus der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften, 9.–12. Juni 2015. Edited by Stefan Baumann and Holger Kockelmann. Studien zur spätägyptischen Religion, vol. 17. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2017. Pp. xi + 584, 8 pls. €144.
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  29.  1
    Challenge of the Astronomical Diaries from Babylon.R. J. van der Spek - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):975-981.
    The Astronomical Diaries are a unique corpus of documents from Babylon containing daily observations of celestial and terrestrial phenomena in the last half millennium before the Common Era. They provide direct information on how Babylonian scholars conducted scientific research and viewed political, economic, and religious events of their time—in other words, how they experienced their era. The book under review is a good introduction to this corpus.
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  30. Review of The Translator of Desires: Poems by Muhyiddin Ibn ʿArabi. Translated by Michael Sells. [REVIEW]Cyrus Ali Zargar - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (4):1026.
    The Translator of Desires: Poems by Muhyiddin Ibn ʿArabi. Translated by Michael Sells. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2021. Pp. xxxviii +323. $24.95 (paper).
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  31. The Historical Present qātēl in Biblical Aramaic.Alexander Andrason, Vuyisa Gysman, Hans-Christoph Lange & Martinus van Renssen - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3):547-571.
    This article offers a typologically-driven and corpus-based analysis of the historical present (HP) “active participle” qātēl in Biblical Aramaic. The authors argue that qātēl instantiates the HP category quite neatly and provide three main arguments. First, qātēl complies with the definition of a progredient/propulsive HP that emerges from crosslinguistic literature: while, in its prototypical use, qātēl expresses some type(s) of present, it may also be employed in narrative to introduce past perfective events. Second, when used as an HP, qātēl exhibits (...)
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  32.  2
    Between Afghan “Idolography” and Kafir “Autoethnography”.Nushin Arbabzadah & Nile Green - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3):643-670.
    This article presents a translation of and commentary on a previously unknown Persian account of Kafiristan published in Afghanistan’s first newspaper in 1874. The text purports to be the first-hand testimony of Wān, a recent convert to Islam, who describes the sacred sites of his homeland to a literate Muslim resident of Badakhshan. The account comes from the least documented region of former Kafiristan, not only in being on the Afghan rather than the British Indian side of the Durand Line, (...)
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  33. Printing Landmarks: Popular Geography and Meisho Zue in Late Tokugawa Japan. By Robert Goree.Pedri Bassoe - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3):751-753.
    Printing Landmarks: Popular Geography and Meisho Zue in Late Tokugawa Japan. By Robert Goree. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, 2020. Pp. 400. $65.
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  34.  2
    How Sacred Prostitution Is Faring in Academic Publications.Stephanie Lynn Budin - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3):715-730.
    This article looks at the current state of sacred prostitution studies in both ancient Near Eastern and Classical Studies through the review of two books published in 2019. Both books reveal that the current trend is to dismiss the existence of sacred prostitution in antiquity, one by attempting (not entirely successfully) to agree with that assessment, and one by condemning that dismissal altogether. All things considered, it does now appear that there has been a marked change of opinion in the (...)
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  35. Epistolary Gentility of Literary Women in the Mid-Nineteenth Century.Danni Cai - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3):523-546.
    Focusing on Correspondence from the Double-Cassia Studio (Shuanggui xuan chidu 雙桂軒尺牘), a collection of letters by a gentlewoman named Ding Shanyi 丁善儀 (1799–after 1861), this paper examines how elite women in mid-nine- teenth-century China applied epistolary conventions in their social life. Com- pared to other literary collections of individual women in late imperial China, Ding’s letter collection is exceptional in recording the life of its author through the epistolary genre and in revealing the sociopolitical dynamics that underlay elite women’s epistolary (...)
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  36. Front Matter. Editors - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3).
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  37.  1
    An Epic of Technical Supremacy: Works and Words of Medieval Chinese Textile Technology. By Dieter Kuhn.Lothar von Falkenhausen - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3):759-761.
    An Epic of Technical Supremacy: Works and Words of Medieval Chinese Textile Technology. By Dieter Kuhn. Riggisberg (Switzerland): Abegg-Stiftung, 2022. Pp. 488. CHF 120.
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  38.  4
    Muhammad and the Empires of Faith: The Making of the Prophet of Islam. By Sean William Anthony.Valentina A. Grasso - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3):765-768.
    Muhammad and the Empires of Faith: The Making of the Prophet of Islam. By Sean William Anthony. Oakland, CA: University of California Press, 2020. Pp. xiv + 287. $32.95, £26.
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  39.  3
    Along the Silk Roads in Mongol Eurasia: Generals, Merchants, and Intellectuals. Edited by Michal Biran, Jonathan Brack, and Francesca Fiaschetti.Valerie Hansen - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3):764-765.
    Along the Silk Roads in Mongol Eurasia: Generals, Merchants, and Intellectuals. Edited by Michal Biran, Jonathan Brack, and Francesca Fiaschetti. Oakland, CA: University of California Press, 2020. Pp. xv + 335. $85, £70 (cloth); $29.95, £25 (paper, ebook).
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  40.  4
    Mistaken Identity.Ramon Harvey - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3):597-620.
    Since the writings of Shiblī Nuʿmānī and A. J. Wensinck in the early twentieth century, scholarship has often questioned the ascription of the creed al-Fiqh al-akbar II to the well-known theologian and jurist Abū Ḥanīfa (d. 150/767). But there has hitherto been little attempt to determine how and when this text entered the Hanafi theological tradition and who its true author was. In this article I show that until the early eighth/fourteenth century, theological and biographical works referring to al-Fiqh al-akbar (...)
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  41. Lady of Linshui Pacifies Demons: A Seventeenth-Century Novel. Translated by Kristin Ingrid Fryklund; introduction by Mark Edward Lewis and Brigitte Baptandier.Robert E. Hegel - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3):753-756.
    The Lady of Linshui Pacifies Demons: A Seventeenth-Century Novel. Translated by Kristin Ingrid Fryklund; introduction by Mark Edward Lewis and Brigitte Baptandier. Seattle: University of Washington press, 2021. Pp. xxiv + 280. $35.
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  42. For the Sake of the Vedas: The Anglo-German Life of Friedrich Rosen 1805–1837. By Rosane Rocher, with Agnes Stache-Weiske. [REVIEW]Stephanie W. Jamison - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3):769-771.
    For the Sake of the Vedas: The Anglo-German Life of Friedrich Rosen 1805–1837. By Rosane Rocher, with Agnes Stache-Weiske. Abhandlungen für die Kunde des Morgenlandes, vol. 118. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2020. Pp. xx + 396.
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  43. Jiankang Empire in Chinese and World History. By Andrew Chittick.Andreas Janousch - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3):761-763.
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  44. Partial Eclipse of Seven Full Moons.Suheil Laher - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3):731-750.
    The main ideas and critical theses of Shady Nasser’s substantial recent book are here critically discussed and evaluated. The book offers many contributions to the field, but I note a few debatable instances where the author’s data are open to interpretations other than those he has concluded. An excursus contains a detailed discussion on the reliability of the eponymous quranic reciters, a topic that, I argue, the book does not treat adequately.
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  45.  2
    Tree of Life Motif, Late Bronze Canaanite Cult, and a Recently Discovered Krater from Tel Burna.Christian Locatell, Chris McKinny & Itzhaq Shai - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3):573-596.
    This paper discusses a krater recently discovered in a cultic building at Tel Burna in the Shephelah. Of special interest is the krater’s relatively well-preserved decoration containing multiple nature scenes related to the so-called tree of life or sacred tree motif. The krater’s physical description and archaeological context and the decoration’s relationship to relevant comparanda are explored in order to elucidate the significance of its iconography. In light of this discussion, we conclude that the decoration includes an abstract representation of (...)
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  46. Cai Yong 蔡邕.Michael Loewe - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3):503-522.
    Known as a composer of fu, of treatises on multiple technical subjects, yet hold- ing no high official position until late in his life, Cai Yong stands out as protesting against certain aspects of public life and as urging a return to the principles of earlier times. Arousing the enmity of some in power, he was put to death in 192. His corpus provides a pointed, if veiled critic of certain aspects of Han governance in his own day.
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  47. Honor and Shame in Early China. By Mark Edward Lewis.Garret Pagenstecher Olberding - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3):757-759.
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  48.  1
    Sylvain Lévi et l’entrée du sanskrit au Collège de France. By Roland Lardinois.Rosane Rocher - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3):768-769.
    Sylvain Lévi et l’entrée du sanskrit au Collège de France. By Roland Lardinois. École française d’Extrême-Orient, Sequens, no 3. Paris: École Française d’Extrême-Orient, 2018. Pp. 147.
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  49.  2
    History of the *Kāśyapaparivarta in Chinese Translations and Its Connection with the Mahāratnakūṭa (Da Baoji jing 大寶積經) Collection.Jonathan A. Silk & Gadjin M. Nagao - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3):671-697.
    The *Kāśyapaparivarta, an early Mahāyāna sūtra, has a complex history. Sanskrit and Tibetan versions, and some of its Chinese translations, have been available to scholars for almost a century, thanks to Staël-Holstein’s 1926 editio princeps. Yet no comprehensive survey of available sources, or critical appraisal of their antecedants, has been published, and most importantly, essential Chinese materials have long been overlooked. The present contribution focuses most centrally on the Chinese translations of the scripture. In addition, the relation of the sūtra (...)
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  50. Origin of the Ethiosemitic Verb hlw ‘to be present’.Benjamin D. Suchard - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3):699-704.
    The Ethiosemitic verb hlw ‘to be present’ is strange in three regards: it shows an unusual alternation between -o and -awa in Classical Ethiopic; it is formally Perfect, but used in the present tense; and it has no verbal cognates in other branches of Semitic. This is because it is originally not a Perfect, but a presentative particle, to be connected with other Semitic presentatives reflecting *hallaw. Due to the leveling of the second-person object suffixes to the Perfect endings in (...)
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  51.  1
    “Sunni” Veneration of the Twelve Imams in Khotan.Rian Thum - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3):621-642.
    Over a century ago European explorers in Eastern Turkestan (southern Xinjiang) made a remarkable discovery: the Sunni inhabitants of Khotan were engaged in elaborate veneration of the Shiʿi twelve Imams, whom they believed to be buried at various holy sites in the Khotan region. This paper investigates Khotan’s net work of holy sites and the narratives that were attached to them, from the sixteenth century to the present. While the political landscape of the present may sometimes make the Sunni-Shiʿi divide (...)
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  52.  2
    Restoring “History” to Historical Study.Xiaofei Tian - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (3):705-713.
    Reviewing a recent book about early medieval Chinese geographical writings, this essay asks what sort of historical contextualization is needed for historical study, and suggests looking at multiple factors, including the material conditions of textual production, that may be responsible for the proliferation of texts. It cautions against embracing a single story to account for a long historical period, especially if that story fits our modern concerns too neatly; even more importantly, we have to allow the primary sources to take (...)
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  53.  2
    Islam and Rationality: The Impact of al-Ghazālī. Papers Collected on His 900th Anniversary. Edited by Georges Tamer (vol. 1) and Frank Griffel. [REVIEW]Abdessamad Belhaj - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    Islam and Rationality: The Impact of al-Ghazālī. Papers Collected on His 900th Anniversary. Edited by Georges Tamer and Frank Griffel. Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science: Texts and Studies, vols. 94, 98. Leiden: Brill, 2015. Pp. xxiv + 454, xx + 344. $202, €154 ; $59, €49.
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  54. A Corpus of Ammonite Inscriptions. By Walter E. Aufrecht.Andrew Burlingame - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
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  55.  1
    Les scolastiques indiennes: Genèses, développements, interactions. Edited by Émilie Aussant and Gérard Colas.John E. Cort - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    Les scolastiques indiennes: Genèses, développements, interactions. Edited by Émilie Aussant and Gérard Colas. Études thématiques, vol. 32. Paris: École française d’Extrême-orient, 2020. Pp. 322. €40.
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  56.  3
    Table of Contents. Editors - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
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  57. Ea’s Duplicity in the Gilgamesh Flood Story. By Martin Worthington.Benjamin R. Foster - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
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  58.  1
    Third Millennium: Studies in Early Mesopotamia and Syria in Honor of Walter Sommerfeld and Manfred Krebernik. Edited by IlyA Arkhipov, Leonid Kogan, and Natalia Koslova.Benjamin R. Foster - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    The Third Millennium: Studies in Early Mesopotamia and Syria in Honor of Walter Sommerfeld and Manfred Krebernik. Edited by IlyA Arkhipov, Leonid Kogan, and Natalia Koslova. Cuneiform Monographs, vol. 50. Leiden: Brill, 2020. Pp. xxiii + 829, illus. $234.
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  59. Uṣūl al-Dīn (The Fundamentals of the Faith). By Tibghūrīn b.!īsā al-Malshūṭī. Edited by 'Amr Khalifa Ennami and translated into English by Trevor Le Gassick. [REVIEW]Adam Gaiser - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    Uṣūl al-Dīn. By Tibghūrīn b.!īsā al-Malshūṭī. Edited by 'Amr Khalifa Ennami and translated into English by Trevor Le Gassick. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2020. Pp. 115, 102. $82.80, €68.
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  60.  2
    התהלך and Its Congeners.W. Randall Garr - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    In 1955, E. A. Speiser argued that nonreflexive, nonmiddle, and nonreciprocal verbs such as התהלך “walk about” are not derived from the hithpael stem but originate in a durative stem comparable to the Akkadian Gtn. This article challenges Speiser’s argument and intends to show that these “atypical” hithpael verbs indeed reflect semantic features of a reflexive stem.
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  61. Fiction of a Jewish Hellenistic Magical-Medical Paideia.M. J. Geller - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    The idea of Greek influences on Hellenistic Judaism appears to be so deeply engrained within modern scholarship that nothing could upset this apple cart, at least as reflected in two recent books on various aspects of magic, astronomy, and medicine in Jewish sources from the Hellenistic and Roman periods. The usual frame of reference relies upon paradigms clearly outlined by Saul Lieberman and Martin Hengel, that Greek culture and science had penetrated Jewish thinking to such an extent, that even Hebrew (...)
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  62.  1
    Law and Politics under the Abbasids: An Intellectual Portrait of al-Juwayni. By Sohaira Z. M. Siddiqui.Frank Griffel - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    Law and Politics under the Abbasids: An Intellectual Portrait of al-Juwayni. By Sohaira Z. M. Siddiqui. Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019. Pp. xiii + 312. $99.99, $32.99, $26.
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  63. First Person Singular of the Athematic Middle Optative in Vedic and Indo-Iranian.Dieter Gunkel - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    In the first person singular of the athematic middle optative in the R̥ gveda, there is strong metrical evidence that the poets knew and used forms in *-iy-a along- side the morphologically regular forms in -īy-a. I argue that the forms in *-iy-a are older and developed from PIE *-ih1-h2e by regular sound change, whereas the younger ones in -īy-a result from morphological regularization. The phonological development of *-ih1-h2e > *-iy-a provides further evidence for the historical phonology of “laryngeals” and (...)
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  64.  1
    Cooperation, Contribution and Contestation: The Jain Community, Colonialism and Jainological Scholarship, 1800–1950. Edited by John E. Cort, Andrea Luithle-Hardenberg, and Leslie C. Orr. [REVIEW]Brian A. Hatcher - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    Cooperation, Contribution and Contestation: The Jain Community, Colonialism and Jainological Scholarship, 1800–1950. Edited by John E. Cort, Andrea Luithle-Hardenberg, and Leslie C. Orr. Studies in Asian Art and Culture, vol. 6. Berlin: eb verlAg, 2020. Pp. 615, plates. €69.
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  65. Eşrefoğlu’s Müzekki’n-nüfûs.Bill Hickman - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    Eşrefoğlu Rumi was a Sufi master and poet from the time of the Ottoman sul- tan Mehmed II. His principal writings, a small collection of poems and a treatise Müzekki’n-nüfûs, are both still popular today. Numerous manuscripts of both works survive from the late sixteenth century onward. But there is a substantial gap in the transmission his- tory—no manuscript copy of either work survives from the century following his death, which should be considered anomalous in comparison to other writers of (...)
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  66. New Sogdian Fragment of the Avalokiteśvaraikādaśamukhadhāraṇī from the Tuyoq Grottoes in Turfan.Xiaodan Hu, Lindong Xia & Ling Cao - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    During the excavation of the Tuyoq Grottoes from 2015 to 2016, a new Sogdian frament was unearthed. This paper aims to provide an edition of the Sogdian fragment and to identify it with the Chinese parallels in the Taishō Tripiṭaka.
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  67.  1
    Monstrosity and Chinese Cultural Identity: Xenophobia and the Reimagination of Foreignness in Vernacular Literature since the Song Dynasty. By isaac Yue.Wilt L. Idema - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    Monstrosity and Chinese Cultural Identity: Xenophobia and the Reimagination of Foreignness in Vernacular Literature since the Song Dynasty. By isaac Yue. Amherst, NY: Cambria Press, 2020. Pp. xii + 199. $110 ; $40.
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  68. Quantitative Approach to Variation in Case Inflection in Arabic Documentary Papyri.Fokelien Kootstra - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    The Arabic documentary papyri are precious wit- nesses to the day-to-day written Arabic of their time. These texts exhibit consider- able variation in grammar and orthography. Classical Arabic and the prescriptive attitudes of the Arabic grammarians traditionally provided the lens through which the earliest documents of the Islamic period have been read. Since Classical Ara- bic was only fully canonized in the tenth century, approaching the early Arabic papyri, and the variation attested in them, through this standard is anachronistic. This (...)
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  69.  1
    Classical Arabic Begging Poetry and Šakwā, 8th–12th Centuries. By Nefeli Papoutsakis.David Larsen - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    Classical Arabic Begging Poetry and Šakwā, 8th–12th Centuries. By Nefeli Papoutsakis. Arabische Studien, vol. 14. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2017. Pp. viii + 254. €58.
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  70.  1
    Binding and Smiting.H. Craig Melchert & Ilya Yakubovich - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    The purpose of this paper is to offer evidence for a set of related formulaic expres- sions meaning ‘bond and blow’, ‘of binding and smiting’, and ‘the substitute for binding and smiting’ in Luvian cuneiform texts of the second millennium bCe. The passages where the relevant formulae are attested have resisted a coherent interpretation thus far. Our argumentation is three-pronged. First, we resort to the combinatorial method to show that these formulae occur in the vicinity of other merisms, and therefore (...)
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  71. Tractate Temurah and the Methodology of Talmud Text Criticism.Jonathan S. Milgram - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    The Babylonian Talmud has reached us in multiple versions in medieval manu- scripts, early printed editions, and in citations in the works of medieval and early modern scholars. The field of Talmud criticism has developed criteria for working with these materials and the scholar E. S. Rosenthal famously theorized about the implications of textual variants for the history of the Talmud’s redaction. Tractate Temurah of the Babylonian Talmud received special attention due to the frequency and, at times, unique usage of (...)
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  72.  1
    Reflecting the Past: Place, Language, and Principle in Japan’s Medieval Mirror Genre. By Erin L. Brightwell.Brendan Morley - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    Reflecting the Past: Place, Language, and Principle in Japan’s Medieval Mirror Genre. By Erin L. Brightwell. Harvard East Asian Monograph Series, vol. 433. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, 2020. Pp. xiii + 327. $60.
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  73. Mithras—Miθra—Mitra: Der römische Gott Mithras aus der Perspektive der vergleichenden Religionsgeschichte. By Jaan Lahe.Paolo Ognibene - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    Mithras—Miθra—Mitra: Der römische Gott Mithras aus der Perspektive der vergleichenden Religionsgeschichte. By Jaan Lahe. Kasion, vol. 3. Münster: Zaphon, 2019. Pp. 271, 30 pls. €88.
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  74. Non-Canonical Subjects in the Prakrit of Kōūhala’s Līlāvaī.Andrew Ollett - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    Kōūhala’s Līlāvaī, a romance in Prakrit verse from around 800 CE, has two types of constructions that present “syntactical difficulties” : the use of mhi in the meaning of maē, and the use of amhēhi and tumhēhi in the meanings of amhē and tumhē. This article reviews the phenomena and puts them into the context of expressions of agency in related Indic languages, arguing that Prakrit’s split ergativity is implicated in both cases. A further conclusion is that the particle hi (...)
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  75.  3
    Humor under the Guise of Chan.Xiao Rao - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    This article examines a group of Song-dynasty biji 筆記 anecdotes featuring the Northern Song literary giant Su Shi 蘇軾 playfully engaging with Buddhist encounter dialogues. These religious accounts are well known for their riddle-like language and the baffling effect they create among their readers, prompting the question of whether they were read for humor. Previous scholarship on encounter dialogues focuses on the religious perspective, demonstrating that their perplexing language and rheto- ric serve pedagogical and monastic functions. By contrast, this article (...)
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  76. Friends of the Emir: Non-Muslim State Officials in Premodern Islamic Thought. By Luke B. Yarbrough.Janina Safran - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    Friends of the Emir: Non-Muslim State Officials in Premodern Islamic Thought. By Luke B. Yarbrough. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019. Pp. xiv + 361. $120 ; $32.99.
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  77. “Rhapsody on the Ershi General Spring” (Ershi quan fu 貳師泉賦) from Mogaoku, Dunhuang.Charles Sanft - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    Among the many manuscripts that emerged from the library cave at Mogaoku 莫 高窟 are copies of a medieval vernacular rhapsody entitled “Rhapsody on the Ershi General Spring”. The poem relates a legend about the Han general Li Guangli 李廣利, who is said to have created a spring to provide drinking water for his troops traversing the desert near Dunhuang 敦煌. This article introduces the manuscripts containing “Rhapsody on the Ershi General Spring,” discusses the background and content of the rhapsody, (...)
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  78. One Thousand ḥijaj.George Warner - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    This article is a study of the earliest Twelver Shiʿi literature on pilgrimage to the tombs of the Prophet Muḥammad and his revered descendants. Such tombs had been visited since the first centuries of Islam, holding especial importance for Shiʿis, but the associated pilgrimage rites were not discussed in early Islamic legal literature. This had changed by the mid-fourth/tenth century, as Twelver scholars sought to codify ziyāra alongside long-established rites like prayer and ḥajj. As they did so, these scholars had (...)
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  79.  1
    Alternative Lyric Modernity?Zhiyi Yang - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    Zhou Zuoren, a pioneer of the New Culture Movement, became a collaborator and classicist poet during the Second Sino-Japanese War. This article attempts to bridge the gap between two periods of Zhou’s life: his later return to Chinese lyric classicism and his earlier career as a pioneer of vernacular poetry, translator of Japanese haiku, and literary critic championing a “Short Verse Movement.” I argue that Zhou’s wartime doggerels consisted of a modernist project in classicist guise, a continuation of his endeavor (...)
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  80.  1
    Repentance and the Return to God: Tawba in Early Sufism. By Atif Khalil.Cyrus Ali Zargar - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (2).
    Repentance and the Return to God: Tawba in Early Sufism. By Atif Khalil. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2018. Pp. xi + 260. $95 ; $32.95.
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  81.  3
    Jāḥiẓian Contribution to Reason in Islam.Hussein Abdulsater - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    The place of reason in the Islamic tradition has attracted much debate, among both classical scholars and modern researchers. One of the main areas of disagreement is the definition of reason, with scholars from various disciplines oftentimes offering different definitions, which, in turn, undergird their corresponding understanding of rationalism. Starting in the classical period, Muslim scholars have credited al-Ḥārith al-Muḥāsibī with making a particularly powerful contribution to the discussion by defining reason as an “instinct” and elaborating on this definition; many (...)
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  82.  1
    Siedlungskammer Kilikien: Studien zur Kultur- und Landschaftsgeschichte des Ebenen Kilikien. By Susanne Rutishauser.Gary Beckman - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    Siedlungskammer Kilikien: Studien zur Kultur- und Landschaftsgeschichte des Ebenen Kilikien. By Susanne Rutishauser. Schriften zur Vorderasiatischen Archäologie, vol. 16. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2020. Pp. xiii + 212, illus. €88.
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  83. Mandaean Book of John: Critical Edition, Translation and Commentary. Edited by Charles G. Häberl and James F. McGrath.Jorunn J. Buckley - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    The Mandaean Book of John: Critical Edition, Translation and Commentary. Edited by Charles G. Häberl and James F. McGrath. Berlin: Walter De Gruyter, 2020. Pp. vii + 467. $218.99.
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  84. Monument to Medieval Syrian Book Culture: The Library of Ibn ʿAbd al-Hādī. By Konrad Hirschler.Guy Burak - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    A Monument to Medieval Syrian Book Culture: The Library of Ibn ʿAbd al-Hādī. By Konrad Hirschler. Edinburgh: EdinBurgh University Press, 2019. Pp. x + 624, illus. $130.
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  85. Archaeology and History of Eighth-Century Judah. Edited by Zev I. Farber and Jacob l. Wright.Bradley L. Crowell - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    Archaeology and History of Eighth-Century Judah. Edited by Zev I. Farber and Jacob l. Wright. Ancient Near East Monographs, vol. 23. Atlanta: SBL Press, 2018. Pp. xv + 593, illus. $79.95.
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  86.  1
    Theology of Hathor of Dendera: Aural and Visual Scribal Techniques in the Per-Wer Sanctuary. By Barbara A. Richter.Colleen Darnell - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    The Theology of Hathor of Dendera: Aural and Visual Scribal Techniques in the Per-Wer Sanctuary. By Barbara A. Richter. Brown University Department of Egyptology and Assyriology, Wilbour Studies, vol. 4. Atlanta: Lockwood Press, 2016. Pp. xxix + 543, illus. $145. [Distributed by ISD, Bristol, CT].
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  87. Front Matter. Editors - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
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  88.  3
    Travel Writing and Cultural Memory in Late-Ming Beijing.Naixi Feng - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    Focusing on A Sketch of Sites and Objects in the Imperial Capital, this article examines how the primary author, Liu Tong, created and preserved the cultural memory of Beijing through writing the city’s scenic sites in the waning years of the Ming dynasty. Liu Tong, who sojourned in the capital then situated on the state’s frontier, observed Beijing during a period of comprehensive decay. This temporal and spatial framework affected the way he observed Beijing’s northern landscape features and inspired him (...)
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  89.  1
    Weapons of Words: Intertextual Competition in Babylonian Poetry. A Study of Anzû, Enūma Eliš, and Erra and Išum. By Selena Wisnom.Benjamin R. Foster - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    Weapons of Words: Intertextual Competition in Babylonian Poetry. A Study of Anzû, Enūma Eliš, and Erra and Išum. By Selena Wisnom. Leiden: Brill, 2020. Pp. viii + 280. $185.
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  90.  2
    Zhou History Unearthed: The Bamboo Manuscript Xinian and Early Chinese Historiography. By Yuri Pines.Christopher J. Foster - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    Zhou History Unearthed: The Bamboo Manuscript Xinian and Early Chinese Historiography. By Yuri Pines. New York: Columbia UniversitY Press, 2020. Pp. 352. $120 ; $30.
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  91.  1
    Askese und Devotion: Das rituelle System der Terāpanth Śvetāmbara Jaina. 2 vols. By Peter Flügel.Oliver Freiberger - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    Askese und Devotion: Das rituelle System der Terāpanth Śvetāmbara Jaina. 2 vols. By Peter Flügel. Alt- und Neu-Indische Studien, vol. 56. Dettelbach: J.H. Röll, 2018. Pp. 1227. €229.
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  92.  1
    Ancient Cults in Ḫattuša.Amir Gilan - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    The present essay explores the question of continuity and change between Kaneš and Ḫattuša in the cultic sphere, reviewing the cult of Parga, probably a fertility goddess of local Anatolian origin, in the Hittite sources. It reveals that Parga appears in several different cultic contexts but within a relatively invariable sequence of offerings, often appearing with the same, often “exotic” deities, such as Zūluma, Šišumma/i, and Šurra. The probable location for performance of many of these cultic sequences in the lower (...)
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  93. Being Human: Baha’i Perspectives on Islam, Modernity, and Peace. By Todd Lawson.Zackery Mirza Heern - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    Being Human: Baha’i Perspectives on Islam, Modernity, and Peace. By Todd Lawson. Studies in the Bábí and Bahá’í Religions, vol. 25. Los Angeles: Kalimát PreSS, 2019. Pp. xxi + 172. $39.95.
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  94. Die mandäische Religion und der aramäische Hintergrund des Manichäismus: Forschungsgeschichte, Textvergleiche, historisch-geographische Verortung. By Ionuţ Danial Băncilă.Manfred Hutter - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    Die mandäische Religion und der aramäische Hintergrund des Manichäismus: Forschungsgeschichte, Textvergleiche, historisch-geographische Verortung. By Ionuţ Danial Băncilă. Mandäistische Forschungen, vol. 6. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2018. Pp. x + 301. €74.
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  95. Among Digitized Manuscripts: Philology, Codicology, Paleography in a Digital World. By L. W. C. van Lit.Joel Kalvesmaki - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    Among Digitized Manuscripts: Philology, Codicology, Paleography in a Digital World. By L. W. C. van Lit. Handbook of Oriental Studies, I, vol. 137. Leiden: Brill, 2020. Pp. xi + 333. $150, €125, open access: https://brill.com/view/title/56196.
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  96. Akkadian [e].Shuan O. Karim - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    There are several features of Akkadian that set it apart from other Semitic languages. One such feature is the assumption of seven alefs that descended from Proto-Semitic phonemes, *ʔ, *h, *ʕ, *ɣ, *ħ, and sometimes *w and *j. The standard account is that they merged before being lost in nearly every environment. Additionally, ʔ3-5 interact with the low-back vowel, [a], producing [e]. Two other issues regarding the shift from [a] to [e] is which environments [e] surfaces in to be reanalyzed, (...)
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  97. Collective Liability in Islam: The ʿĀqila and Blood-Money Payments. By Nurit Tsafrir.Marion H. Katz - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    Collective Liability in Islam: The ʿĀqila and Blood-Money Payments. By Nurit Tsafrir. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020. Pp. xviii + 167. $99.99.
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  98. Writing History in the Medieval Islamic World: The Value of Chronicles as Archives. By Fozia Bora.Boris Liebrenz - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    Writing History in the Medieval Islamic World: The Value of Chronicles as Archives. By Fozia Bora. The Early and Medieval Islamic World. London: I.B. Tauris, 2019. Pp. xviii + 250. $115.
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  99. Plum Shadows and Plank Bridge: Two Memoirs about Courtesans. Translated and edited by Wai-yee Li.Xiaoqiao Ling - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    Plum Shadows and Plank Bridge: Two Memoirs about Courtesans. Translated and edited by Wai-yee Li. New York: Columbia University Press, 2020. Pp. 328. $60, $20.
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  100. Studies in Legal Hadith. By Hiroyuki Yanagihashi.Scott Lucas - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
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  101. Buddhist Magic: Divination, Healing, and Enchantment through the Ages. By Sam van Schaik.William A. McGrath - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    Buddhist Magic: Divination, Healing, and Enchantment through the Ages. By Sam van Schaik. Boulder, CO: Shambhala Publications, 2020. Pp. xiv + 226. $18.95.
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  102. Gu Yanwu, Record of Daily Knowledge and Collected Poems and Essays: Selections. Translated and edited by Ian Johnston.David Pattinson - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    Gu Yanwu, Record of Daily Knowledge and Collected Poems and Essays: Selections. Translated and edited by Ian Johnston. New York: Columbia University Press, 2017. Pp. xvii + 323. $75.
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  103. Monastic Wanderers: Nāth Yogī Ascetics in Modern South Asia. By Véronique Bouillier.Heidi Pauwels - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
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  104. Towards a History of Egyptology: Proceedings of the Egyptological Section of the 8th ESHS Conference in London, 2018. Edited by Hana Navratilova, Thomas l. Gertzen, Aidan Dodson, and Andrew Bednarski. [REVIEW]Donald M. Reid - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    Towards a History of Egyptology: Proceedings of the Egyptological Section of the 8th ESHS Conference in London, 2018. Edited by Hana Navratilova, Thomas l. Gertzen, Aidan Dodson, and Andrew Bednarski. Investigatio Orientis, vol. 4. Münster: Zaphon, 2019. Pp. 304, illus. €79.
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  105.  2
    Jewish Babylonian Aramaic נוולא.Gary A. Rendsburg - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    This article treats the Jewish Babylonian Aramaic 3rd person singular pronoun נוולא nawla, attested four times in the vast rabbinic corpus: three times in the Babylonian Talmud and one time in Tractate Sofrim. First, it is shown that the form is epicene, as it can have both masculine and feminine antecedents. Second, the four attestations reveal a specialized meaning for the form, to wit, ‘this-one’ or ‘that-one’ when there are specifically two items under discussion. Which is to say, the form (...)
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  106. Aus geteilten Zeiten: Studien zur Nanbeichao-Periode. Geburtstagsgabe für Shing Müller 宋馨. Edited by Roderich Ptak.Antje Richter - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    Aus geteilten Zeiten: Studien zur Nanbeichao-Periode. Geburtstagsgabe für Shing Müller 宋馨. Edited by Roderich Ptak. Deutsche Ostasienstudien, vol. 35. Gossenberg: Ostasien Verlag, 2020. Pp. vi + 216. €29.
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  107. On the Etymology of Vedic áha.Zachary Rothstein-Dowden - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    This paper sets forth a proposal for deriving the emphatic particle Ved. áha from an obsolete present form of the verb ā́ha ‘says’. The suggested verbal origin accounts for unusual syntactic features of the particle, most notably the synchronically unmotivated accentuation of the verb in a main clause containing áha.
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  108. Circulating the Code: Print Media and Legal Knowledge in Qing China. By Ting Zhang.Suyoung Son - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    Circulating the Code: Print Media and Legal Knowledge in Qing China. By Ting Zhang. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2020. Pp. xi + 252. $95, $30.
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  109. Chinese Annals in the Western Observatory: An Outline of Western Studies of Chinese Unearthed Documents. By Edward l. Shaughnessy.Thes Staack - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    Chinese Annals in the Western Observatory: An Outline of Western Studies of Chinese Unearthed Documents. By Edward l. Shaughnessy. Library of Sinology, vol. 4. Boston: De Gruyter Mouton, 2019. Pp. xx + 485. $69 ; open access: https://www.degruyter.com/document/ doi/10.1515/9781501516948/html?lang=en.
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  110.  4
    Black Sun That Destroys Inner Darkness.Aleksandar Uskokov - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    There is a widespread belief in Hinduism that Vyāsa, the alleged editor of the Vedas and author of the Mahābhārata, is identical with Bādarāyaṇa, the author of the Brahma-sūtra. The identification of these two mythic characters, however, originated between 800–980 CE, after the likes of Śaṅkara, Padmapāda, and Bhāskara, but before Vācaspati Miśra, Prakāśātman, Sarvajñātman, and Yāmuna. The purpose of this paper is to understand how and why such identification took place. The argument developed here is that the Bādarāyaṇa-Vyāsa identity (...)
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  111. Villages of the Fayyum: A Thirteenth-Century Register of Rural, Islamic Egypt; and Rural Economy and Tribal Society in Islamic Egypt: A Study of al-Nābulsī’s Villages of the Fayyum. By Yossef Rapoport.Daniel M. Varisco - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    The Villages of the Fayyum: A Thirteenth-Century Register of Rural, Islamic Egypt. Edited and translated by Yossef Rapoport and Ido Shahar. The Medieval Countryside, vol. 18. Turnhout: Brepols, 2018. Pp. viii + 260. €90. Rural Economy and Tribal Society in Islamic Egypt: A Study of al-Nābulsī’s Villages of the Fayyum. By Yossef Rapoport. The Medieval Countryside, vol. 19. Turnhout: Brepols, 2018. Pp. xxix + 285. €110.
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  112.  1
    Al-Ghazālī as a Key Historical Witness to the Ismaili Doctrine of taʿlīm.Paul E. Walker - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    The writings of al-Ghazālī give the distinct impression that he was highly concerned with the threat the Ismailis and their doctrines posed. By his own admission, he wrote six separate treatises to refute and condemn them, most importantly his Faḍāʾiḥ al-bāṭiniyya, which he composed in the year 488h in the months prior to his renunciation of government service and departure from Baghdad. His attack focused on the doctrine known as taʿlīm, with its insistence on the unrivaled absolute authority of a (...)
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  113. Passion of Nabuša.Trevor B. Williams - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    The Hermopolis letters showcase the personal concerns of those writing Aramaic letters in the era of Persian Egypt. One individual named Nabuša is particularly interesting because of his familial correspondence and emotional tone. This study will examine what can be known about this writer and his complaints about an unwanted tunic and a snakebite. There have been several notable disagreements about the Aramaic translation of Nabuša’s concerns, whose discussion will help heighten our understanding of his passion.
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  114. Confucian Image Politics: Masculine Morality in Seventeenth-Century China. By Ying Zhang.Yulian Wu - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    Confucian Image Politics: Masculine Morality in Seventeenth-Century China. By Ying Zhang. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2016. Pp. xvi + 306. $50.
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  115.  1
    Qiuchi as Heterotopia.Lili Xia - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
    “Qiuchi” 仇池 recurs as an enigmatic proper name in Su Shi’s 蘇 軾 later poetry. While scholars have treated Qiuchi primarily as the poet’s name for strange rocks, I argue that it is in the first place a metaphorical topos for him—it is a heterotopia, a counter-site to reality for this nonconformist. As a poetic image, Su Shi’s Qiuchi is a composite motif that allows for diverse interpretations. It is a hallucinatory dreamscape at the outset; the vision then turns out (...)
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  116.  2
    Phonologie Hittite. By Sylvain Patri.Ilya Yakubovich - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1).
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  117. Catalogue of Sanskrit Manuscripts: The Paṇḍit Collection. By Hartmut Buescher.Kenneth Zysk - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 142 (1):249.
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  118.  2
    Book in Mamluk Egypt and Syria (1250–1517): Scribes, Libraries and Market. By Doris Behrens-Abouseif.Paul Auchterlonie - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    The Book in Mamluk Egypt and Syria : Scribes, Libraries and Market. By Doris Behrens-Abouseif. Islamic History and Civilization: Studies and Texts, vol. 162. Leiden: Brill, 2019. Pp. xii + 178. $120, €100.
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  119.  1
    Chinese Lyric Sequence. By Joseph R. Allen.Lucas Rambo Bender - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
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  120. Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad b. Jarīr al-Ṭabarī, Selections from The Comprehensive Exposition of the Interpretation of the Verses of the Qurʾān. Translated by Scott C. Lucas. [REVIEW]Herbert Berg - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4):996.
    Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad b. Jarīr al-Ṭabarī, Selections from The Comprehensive Exposition of the Interpretation of the Verses of the Qurʾān. Translated by Scott C. Lucas. 2 vols. Cambridge: The Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought and The Islamic Texts Society, 2017. Pp. xxxiv + 575; xxxii + 550. $32.95 each.
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  121. Lexikalische Texte I: ur5-ra = ḫubullu, mur-gud = imrû = ballu, Lú-Listen. By Frauke Weiershäuser and Ivan Hrůša.Kaira Boddy - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    Lexikalische Texte I: ur5-ra = ḫubullu, mur-gud = imrû = ballu, Lú-Listen. By Frauke Weiershäuser and Ivan Hrůša. 2 vols. Keilschrifttexte aus Assur literatischen Inhalts, vol. 8, Wissenschaftliche Veröffentlichungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesell- schaft, vol. 153. Wiesbaden: HarrassowitZ Verlag, 2018. Pp. xv + 567, illus. €98.
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  122. Notebook of Djuthmose, P. Vienna ÄS 10321. By Regina Hölzl, Michael Neumann, and Robert J. Demarée.Stefan Bojowald - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4):994.
    The Notebook of Djuthmose, P. Vienna ÄS 10321. By Regina Hölzl, Michael Neumann, and Robert J. Demarée. Probleme der Ägyptologie, vol. 37. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Pp. viii + 72, 23 pls. €145.
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  123.  2
    Die Geheimnisse der oberen und der unteren Welt: Magie im Islam zwischen Glaube und Wissenschaft. Edited by Sebastian Günther and Dorothee Pielow.Michael G. Carter - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    Die Geheimnisse der oberen und der unteren Welt: Magie im Islam zwischen Glaube und Wissenschaft. Edited by Sebastian Günther and Dorothee Pielow. Leiden: Brill, 2019. Pp. xlii + 644. $179, €149.
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  124. ‘History of the Kings of the Persians’ in Three Arabic Chronicles: The Transmission of the Ira- nian Past from Late Antiquity to Early Islam. Translated, with introduction and notes, by Robert G. Hoyland.Jamsheed K. Choksy - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    The ‘History of the Kings of the Persians’ in Three Arabic Chronicles: The Transmission of the Ira- nian Past from Late Antiquity to Early Islam. Translated, with introduction and notes, by Robert G. Hoyland. Translated Texts for Historians, vol. 69. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2018. Pp. xii + 185. $120, £90 ; $34.95, £24.95.
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  125.  2
    History of Ottoman Political Thought up to the Early Nineteenth Century ;and Caliphate Redefined: The Mystical Turn in Ottoman Political Thought.Linda T. Darling - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    A History of Ottoman Political Thought up to the Early Nineteenth Century. By Marinos Sariyannis, with a chapter by E. Ekin Tuşalp Atiyas. Handbook of Oriental Studies, sect. 1, vol. 125. Leiden: Brill, 2019. Pp. xi + 596. $179. Caliphate Redefined: The Mystical Turn in Ottoman Political Thought. By Hüseyin Yilmaz. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2018. Pp. xiii + 370. $39.95 ; $27.95.
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  126. Le théâtre de l’Inde médiévale entre tradition et innovation: Le Moharājaparājaya de Yaśaḥpāla. By Basile Leclère.Paul Dundas - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    Le théâtre de l’Inde médiévale entre tradition et innovation: Le Moharājaparājaya de Yaśaḥpāla. By Basile Leclère. Indica et Tibetica, vol. 54. Marburg: Indica et Tibetica Verlag, 2013. Pp. 614. €84.
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  127. Back Matter. Editors - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
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  128. Front Matter. Editors - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
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  129.  1
    Manual of Sumerian Grammar and Texts. By John L. Hays.Alhena Gadotti - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    A Manual of Sumerian Grammar and Texts. By John L. Hays. Aids and Research Tools in Ancient Near Eastern Studies, vol. 5. 3rd ed. Malibu, CA: unDena publications, 2018. Pp. vi + 579. $50.
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  130. Corpus of Middle Babylonian and Middle Assyrian Incantations. By Elyze Zomer.M. J. Geller - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    Corpus of Middle Babylonian and Middle Assyrian Incantations. By Elyze Zomer. Leipziger Altorientalische Studien, vol. 9. Wiesbaden: HarrassowitZ Verlag, 2018. Pp. xxiv + 463, 3 pls. €84.
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  131.  1
    Language between God and the Poets: Maʿnā in the Eleventh Century. By Alexander Key.Antonella Ghersetti - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    Language between God and the Poets: Maʿnā in the Eleventh Century. By Alexander Key. Berkeley Series in Postclassical Islamic Scholarship. Oakland: University of California Press, 2018. Pp. xvi + 267. $34.95.
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  132. Making of the Medieval Middle East: Religion, Society, and Simple Believers. By Jack Tannous.Valentina A. Grasso - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    The Making of the Medieval Middle East: Religion, Society, and Simple Believers. By Jack Tannous. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2018. Pp. xiv + 647. $39.95, £34.
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  133.  9
    Creation of Philosophical Tradition: Biography and the Reception of Avicenna’s Philosophy from the Eleventh to the Fourteenth Century A.D. By Ahmed H. al-Rahim. [REVIEW]Andreas Lammer - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    The Creation of Philosophical Tradition: Biography and the Reception of Avicenna’s Philosophy from the Eleventh to the Fourteenth Century A.D. By Ahmed H. al-Rahim. Diskurse der Arabistik, vol. 21. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2018. Pp. xviii + 218. €42.
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  134. Insects in Chinese Literature: A Study and Anthology. By Wilt L. Idema.Jessica Moyer - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4):998.
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  135.  1
    Royal Inscriptions of Ashurbanipal (668–631 BC), Aššur-etel-ilāni (630–627 BC), and Sîn-šarra- iškun (626–612 BC). Edited by Jamie Novotny and Joshua Jeffers. [REVIEW]Peerapat Outsook - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    The Royal Inscriptions of Ashurbanipal, Aššur-etel-ilāni, and Sîn-šarra- iškun. Edited by Jamie Novotny and Joshua Jeffers. The Royal Inscriptions of the Neo-Assyrian Period, vol. 5/1. University Park, PA: Eisenbrauns, 2019. Pp. xxx + 449. $89.95.
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  136. Exploration of Writing. By Peter T. Daniels.Joachim Friedrich Quack - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    Sedfestritual und Königtum: Die Reliefdekoration am Torbau Osorkons II. im Tempel der Bastet von Bubastis. By Eva Lange-Athinodorou. Ägyptologische Abhandlungen, vol. 75. Wiesbaden: Harrassowit Verlag, 2019. Pp. ix + 503, illus. €148.
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  137. Apocalypse of Empire: Imperial Eschatology in Late Antiquity and Early Islam. By Stephen J. Shoemaker.Peter G. Riddell - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    The Apocalypse of Empire: Imperial Eschatology in Late Antiquity and Early Islam. By Stephen J. Shoemaker. Divinations: Rereading Late Ancient Religion. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2018. Pp. ix + 260. $59.95, £52.
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  138. What the Emperor Built: Architecture and Empire in the Early Ming. By Aurelia Campbell.Klaas Ruitenbeek - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    What the Emperor Built: Architecture and Empire in the Early Ming. By Aurelia Campbell. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2020. Pp. xiv + 217. $65.
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  139.  1
    Le personnel cultuel à l’époque néo-sumérienne (ca. 2160–2003 av. J.-C.). By Fabienne Huber Vulliet.Tonia Sharlach - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    Le personnel cultuel à l’époque néo-sumérienne. By Fabienne Huber Vulliet. Biblioteca del Próximo Oriente Antiguo, vol. 14. Madrid: ConseJo Superior De Investigaciones Científicas, 2019. Pp. 513.
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  140. Recipes from the Garden of Contentment. By Yuan Mei, translated and annotated by Sean J. S. Chen.Hilary A. Smith - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    Recipes from the Garden of Contentment. By Yuan Mei, translated and annotated by Sean J. S. Chen. Great Barrington, MA: Berkshire, 2019. Pp. xxxiii + 428. $125.
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  141. Universal Śaivism: The Appeasement of All Gods and Powers in the Śāntyadhyāya of the Śivadharmaśāśtra. By Peter C. Bisschop.Hamsa Stainton - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    Universal Śaivism: The Appeasement of All Gods and Powers in the Śāntyadhyāya of the Śivadharmaśāśtra. By Peter C. Bisschop. Gonda Indological Studies, vol. 18. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Pp. viii + 221. $75.
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  142.  1
    No Moonlight in My Cup: Sinitic Poetry (Kanshi) from the Japanese Court, Eighth to the Twelfth Centuries. Edited and translated by Judith N. Rabinovitch and Timothy R. BradstocK. [REVIEW]Brian R. Steininger - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    No Moonlight in My Cup: Sinitic Poetry from the Japanese Court, Eighth to the Twelfth Centuries. Edited and translated by Judith N. Rabinovitch and Timothy R. BradstocK. East Asian Comparative Literature and Culture, vol. 10. Leiden: Brill, 2019. Pp. xxvi + 474. $232.
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  143.  2
    Ancient Egyptian Netherworld Books. By John Coleman Darnell and Colleen Manassa Darnell.Lana Troy - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    The Ancient Egyptian Netherworld Books. By John Coleman Darnell and Colleen Manassa Darnell. Writings from the Ancient World, vol. 39. Atlanta: SBL Press, 2018. Pp. xxxvii + 685, illus. $99.95.
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  144. Maritime Lexicon: Arabic Nautical Terminology in the Indian Ocean. By Abdulrahman al Salimi and Eric Staples.Daniel Martin Varisco - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (4).
    A Maritime Lexicon: Arabic Nautical Terminology in the Indian Ocean. By Abdulrahman al Salimi and Eric Staples. Studies on Ibadism and Oman, vol. 11. Hildesheim: Georg Olms, 2019. Pp. 641, illus. €88.
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  145.  1
    Child Custody in Islamic Law: Theory and Practice in Egypt since the Sixteenth Century. By Ahmed Fekry Ibrahim.Mulki Al-Sharmani - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    Child Custody in Islamic Law: Theory and Practice in Egypt since the Sixteenth Century. By Ahmed Fekry Ibrahim. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018. Pp. ix + 266. $99.99, £75.
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  146. Diamond Sutra Narratives: Textual Production and Lay Religiosity in Medieval China. By Chiew Hui Ho.James A. Benn - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    Diamond Sutra Narratives: Textual Production and Lay Religiosity in Medieval China. By Chiew Hui Ho. Sinica Leidensia, vol. 144. Leiden: Brill, 2019. Pp. xiv + 520. $159.
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  147.  4
    Jayati Bhagavāñ Jinendraḥ! Jainism and Royal Representation in the Kadamba Plates of Palāśikā.Peter C. Bisschop & Elizabeth A. Cecil - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3):613.
    In the fifth–sixth century CE the rulers of the Kadamba dynasty claimed the town of Halsi in modern Karnataka as the northern capital of their expanding polity. Their investments in this locale are recorded in a corpus of copper-plate inscriptions spanning four generation of kings. The plates record the growth of a thriving Jain community at Palāśikā and are revelatory of their relationships with the Kadamba rulers and their agents. This study of the donative and political processes converging in Palāśikā (...)
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  148. Les hymnes au dieu Khnoum de la façade ptolémaїque du temple d’Esna. By Abraham I. Fernández Pichel.Stefan Bojowald - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    Les hymnes au dieu Khnoum de la façade ptolémaїque du temple d’Esna. By Abraham I. Fernández Pichel. Studien zur spätägyptischen Religion, vol. 23. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2018. Pp. xiv + 217, 21 pls. €94.
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  149. (Re)productive Traditions in Ancient Egypt: Proceedings of the Conference Held at the University of Liège, 6th–8th February 2013. Edited by Todd Gillen. [REVIEW]Stefan Bojowald - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3):686.
    productive Traditions in Ancient Egypt: Proceedings of the Conference Held at the University of Liège, 6th–8th February 2013. Edited by Todd Gillen. Aegyptiaca Leodiensia, vol. 10. Liege: Presses Universiraires de Liège, 2017. Pp. v + 621. €74.
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  150.  2
    The Use of the Relative and Near Demonstrative Pronouns in the Introduction of Phoenician, Old Aramaic, and Samʾalian Dedication Inscriptions.Samuel L. Boyd - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3):539.
    The orthography of the relative pronoun and the near demonstrative pronoun in the Byblian dialect of Phoenician is exactly the same, meaning that the grapheme z in introductions to dedication inscriptions has been left to interpretation. The historically related nature of these pronouns and their linguistic development led to this situation, in which the written expression of both pronouns in Byblian is identical. In this article, I examine this situation from a variety of perspectives, using both inner-Phoenician word order and (...)
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  151. Queens, Eunuchs and Concubines in Islamic History, 661–1257. By Taef El-Azhari.Nadia El Cheikh - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    Queens, Eunuchs and Concubines in Islamic History, 661–1257. By Taef El-Azhari. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2019. Pp. xix + 449. $140, £90.
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  152.  2
    Life of an Exile: Sun Di's (1081–1169) Letters Pertaining to His Banishment to Xiangzhou.Ming-kin Chu - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3):521.
    What kind of impact did social networks of Song literati have on their lives in exile? This paper focuses on Sun Di 孫覿, a prominent literary figure in the Northern to Southern Song transition, and studies his epistolary writings in connection with his banishment to Xiangzhou 象州 in the years 1133 and 1134. Through an in-depth analysis of the contents of his letters, the paper shows how Sun Di established ties with officials in different localities and how he responded to (...)
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  153.  2
    Inscriptions of Chin and the San-Chin, Chung-Shan, and Yen 晉與三晉金文及相關史事彙考. By Noel Barnard.Constance A. Cook - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    Inscriptions of Chin and the San-Chin, Chung-Shan, and Yen 晉與三晉金文及相關史事彙考. By Noel Barnard. 3 vols. Taipei: SMC Publishing inc., 2018. Pp. cxlvi + 867, xviii + 997, xiv + 1092. NT 15,000.
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  154. Christian Martyrs under Islam: Religious Violence and the Making of the Muslim World. By Christian C. Sahner.David Cook - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    Christian Martyrs under Islam: Religious Violence and the Making of the Muslim World. By Christian C. Sahner. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2018. Pp. xxi + 335, illus. $39.95, £34 ; $27.95, £22.
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  155. Layered Heart: Essays on Persian Poetry. A Celebration in Honor of Dick Davis. Edited by A. A. Seyed-Ghorab.Cameron Cross - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    The Layered Heart: Essays on Persian Poetry. A Celebration in Honor of Dick Davis. Edited by A. A. Seyed-Ghorab. Washington, DC: Mage Publishers, 2019. Pp. x + 662, illus. $75.
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  156. Authorship and Text-Making in Early China. By Hanmo Zhang.Heng Du - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
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  157.  1
    Sufism and Early Islamic Piety: Personal and Communal Dynamics. By Arin Shawkat Salamah-Qudsi.Jeremy Farrell - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    Sufism and Early Islamic Piety: Personal and Communal Dynamics. By Arin Shawkat Salamah-Qudsi. Cambridge: camBridge universiTy Press, 2019. Pp. xvii + 315. $99.99, £75 ; $80.
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  158. First Compendium of Ibadi Law: The Mudawwana by Abu Ghanim Bishr b. Ghanim al-Khurasani. By Miklos Muranyi.Ersilia Francesca - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    The First Compendium of Ibadi Law: The Mudawwana by Abu Ghanim Bishr b. Ghanim al-Khurasani. By Miklos Muranyi. Studies on Ibadism and Oman, vol. 14. Hildesheim: Georg Olms, 2018. Pp. 159. €38.
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  159.  3
    Hasmonean Realities behind Ezra, Nehemiah, and Chronicles: Archaeological and Historical Perspectives. By Israel Finkelstein.Lisbeth S. Fried - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    Hasmonean Realities behind Ezra, Nehemiah, and Chronicles: Archaeological and Historical Perspectives. By Israel Finkelstein. Ancient Israel and Its Literature, vol. 34. Atlanta: SBL Press, 2018. Pp. xi + 208. $32.95.
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  160. Sumerian Model Contracts from the Old Babylonian Period in the Hilprecht Collection Jena. By Gabriella Spada.Alhena Gadotti - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    Sumerian Model Contracts from the Old Babylonian Period in the Hilprecht Collection Jena. By Gabriella Spada. Texte und Materialien der Hilprecht Collection, vol. 11. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2018. Pp. x + 126, 32 pls. €78.
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  161. Un principe nel deserto: Leone Caetani nel Sinai e nel Sahara. I diari, le lettere, le fotografie (1888– 1890). By Valentina Sagaria Rossi. [REVIEW]Alastair Hamilton - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    Un principe nel deserto: Leone Caetani nel Sinai e nel Sahara. I diari, le lettere, le fotografie. By Valentina Sagaria Rossi. Accademia nazionale dei Lincei, Fondazione Leone Caeta- ni, vol. 28. Rome: Bardi ediZioni, 2018. Pp. 561, illus. €68.
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  162. Manuscripts, Politics and Oriental Studies: Life and Collections of Johann Gottfried Wetzstein (1815– 1905) in Context. Edited by Boris Liebrenz and Christoph Rauch. [REVIEW]Alastair Hamilton - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    Manuscripts, Politics and Oriental Studies: Life and Collections of Johann Gottfried Wetzstein in Context. Edited by Boris Liebrenz and Christoph Rauch. Islamic Manuscripts and Books, vol. 19. Leiden: Brill, 2019. Pp. xxiii + 437, illus. $130, €108.
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  163. White Death: Ibn al-ʿArabī on the Trials and Virtues of Hunger and Fasting.Atif Khalil - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3):577.
    The article presents an analysis of Ibn al-ʿArabī’s treatment of fasting and hunger as it appears in chapters 106 and 107 of al-­Futūḥāt al-­makkiyya. In the process of examining this very short section of the encyclopedic text, the essay both draws out the deeper theological significance of hunger and fasting and highlights the virtues and trappings of the spiritual exercise in the mystic’s thought. An attempt is also made to situate some of Ibn al-ʿArabī’s ideas within the broader context of (...)
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  164.  3
    A New Interpretation of the Old Hittite Zalpa-Text (CTH 3.1): Nēša as the Capital under Ḫuzzii̯a I, Labarna I, and Ḫattušili I. [REVIEW]Alwin Kloekhorst - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3):557.
    This article discusses one of the main problems of the Zalpa-text, namely that its mythological part deals with the relations between Zalpa and Nēša, but leaves Ḫattuša unmentioned, whereas its historical part deals with the relations between Zalpa and Ḫattuša, but contains no reference to Nēša. Following Martínez’ 2016 suggestion that in the text’s historical part Ḫattuša does not have the function of capital of the kings who feature in this story, but is merely used as a military base for (...)
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  165. City of Ye in the Chinese Literary Landscape. By Joanne Tsao.Lu Kou - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
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  166. Le waqf de la mosquée des Omeyyades de Damas: Le manuscrit ottoman d’un inventaire mamelouk établi en 816/1413. Edited by Mathieu Eychenne, Astrid Meier, and Élodie Vigouroux. [REVIEW]Bernadette Martel-Thoumian - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    Le waqf de la mosquée des Omeyyades de Damas: Le manuscrit ottoman d’un inventaire mamelouk établi en 816/1413. Edited by Mathieu Eychenne, Astrid Meier, and Élodie Vigouroux. Beirut: Presses de l’ifpo, 2018. Pp. 741. €75.
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  167.  1
    The Princess and the Plague: Explaining Epidemics in Imperial Tibet, Khotan, and Central Asia.William A. McGrath - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3):637.
    Recent bioarchaeological and phylogenetic studies have identified Central Asia as an early reservoir for Yersinia pestis, the bacterium responsible for the bubonic plague in humans and animals. Lacking documentary evidence, however, historians have heretofore been unable to find a place for South, East, and Central Asia in the premodern history of the plague. This article uses Tibetan-, Chinese-, and Khotanese-language sources to tell a history of the bubonic plague in Central Asia between the seventh and ninth centuries. From official Tibetan (...)
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  168.  1
    Bedouin Culture in the Bible. By Clinton Bailey.Adam E. Miglio - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
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  169. Historical Aspects of Standard Negation in Semitic. By Ambjörn Sjörs.Na'ama Pat-El - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    Historical Aspects of Standard Negation in Semitic. By Ambjörn Sjörs. Studies in Semitic Languages and Linguistics, vol. 91. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Pp. xv + 478. $140.
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  170.  1
    Genealogy of Devotion: Bhakti, Tantra, Yoga, and Sufism in North India. By Patton E. Burchett.Heidi Pauwels - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    A Genealogy of Devotion: Bhakti, Tantra, Yoga, and Sufism in North India. By Patton E. Burchett. New York: Columbia University Press, 2019. Pp. viii + 433, 2 plates. $70.
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  171. Wonderful Things: A History of Egyptology, vol. 3: From 1914 to the Twenty-First Century. By Jason Thompson.Donald Malcolm Reid - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    Wonderful Things: A History of Egyptology, vol. 3: From 1914 to the Twenty-First Century. By Jason Thompson. Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press, 2018. Pp. xvii + 598.
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  172. How Old Is the Hebrew Bible? By Ronald Hendel and Jan Joosten.Gary A. Rendsburg - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    How Old Is the Hebrew Bible? By Ronald Hendel and Jan Joosten. The Anchor Yale Bible Reference Library. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2019. Pp. xvi + 221. $45.
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  173. In Quest of Justice: Islamic Law and Forensic Medicine in Modern Egypt. By Khaled Fahmy.Delfino Serrano Ruano - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    In Quest of Justice: Islamic Law and Forensic Medicine in Modern Egypt. By Khaled Fahmy. Oakland: University of California Press, 2018. Pp. xiii + 377. $39.95.
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  174. Chinese Architecture: A History. By Nancy Shatzman Steinhardt.Klaas Ruitenbeek - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
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  175. Arab Christians and the Qurʾan from the Origins of Islam to the Medieval Period. Edited by Mark Beaumont.Christian Sahner - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    Arab Christians and the Qurʾan from the Origins of Islam to the Medieval Period. Edited by Mark Beaumont. History of Christian-Muslim Relations, vol. 35. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Pp. xiv + 216. $120, €104.
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  176.  1
    Morphology of the Biblical Root ḥ-­b-­q.Nili Samet - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3):661.
    This paper discusses the stem variance of the root ḥ­b­q in the Bible, suggesting that its inconsistent conjugation does not reflect the original Biblical Hebrew, but rather results from an anachronistic pronunciation created by the Masoretes. The paper reviews the research of Masoretic anachronisms and the methodologies developed to identify them, applying these to the case of the root ḥ­b­q. It concludes that ḥ­b­q belongs to a specific type of Masoretic anachronism, in which original Qal forms were misvocalized by the (...)
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  177.  1
    On the Growth and Composition of the Sanskrit Epics and Purāṇas: Relationship to Kāvya; Social and Economic Context. Proceedings of the Fifth Dubrovnik International Conference on the Sanskrit Epics and Purāṇas, August 2008. Edited by Ivan Andrijanic.Adheesh Sathaye - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    On the Growth and Composition of the Sanskrit Epics and Purāṇas: Relationship to Kāvya; Social and Economic Context. Proceedings of the Fifth Dubrovnik International Conference on the Sanskrit Epics and Purāṇas, August 2008. Edited by Ivan Andrijanić and Sven Sellmer. Zagreb: Croatian Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2016. Pp. xxvi + 536.
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  178. Enoch from Antiquity to the Middle Ages, vol. 1: Sources from Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. By John C. Reeves and Annette Yoshiko Reed. [REVIEW]Joshua Scott - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    Enoch from Antiquity to the Middle Ages, vol. 1: Sources from Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. By John C. Reeves and Annette Yoshiko Reed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. vii + 403. $150.
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  179. Material and Ideological Base of the Old Babylonian State: History, Economy, and Politics. By Lukáš Pecha.Andrea Seri - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    The Material and Ideological Base of the Old Babylonian State: History, Economy, and Politics. By Lukáš Pecha. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2018. Pp. xvii + 316. $115.
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  180. Dialectical Forge: Juridical Disputation and the Evolution of Islamic Law. By Walter Edward Young.Ahmed El Shamsy - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    The Dialectical Forge: Juridical Disputation and the Evolution of Islamic Law. By Walter Edward Young. Logic, Argumentation and Reasoning, vol. 9. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2017. Pp. xiv + 643. $149.99, €124.79 ; $109, €101.14.
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  181.  1
    Daniel 1–6 in Classical Islamic Culture and the Gospel According to Ibn Hishām.A. J. Silverstein - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3):587.
    This article assesses the importance of the biblical book of Daniel in the first four Islamic centuries, focusing in particular on the legendary materials contained in Daniel 1–6. The article is divided into three sections. In the first section the treatments of Daniel 1–6 in Isrāʾīliyyāt works are examined, and it is shown that summaries of Daniel 1–6 in these works display evidence of oral transmission. Additionally, it is shown that some authors’ familiarity with Daniel legends led them to insert (...)
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  182.  1
    Seafaring Expeditions to Punt in the Middle Kingdom: Excavations at Mersa/Wadi Gawasis, Egypt. By Kathryn A. Bard and Rodolfo Fattovich.Anthony Spalinger - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    Seafaring Expeditions to Punt in the Middle Kingdom: Excavations at Mersa/Wadi Gawasis, Egypt. By Kathryn A. Bard and Rodolfo Fattovich. Culture and History of the Ancient Near East, vol. 96. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Pp. xvi + 233. $156.
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  183.  1
    Ḥmēdān al-Shwēʿir. Arabian Satire: Poetry from 18th-Century Najd; and Ḥmēdān al-Shwēʿir. Arabian Satire: Poetry from 18th-Century Najd. [REVIEW]William Tamplin - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    Ḥmēdān al-Shwēʿir. Arabian Satire: Poetry from 18th-Century Najd. Edited and translated by Marcel Kurpershoek. Library of Arabic Literature. New York: New York University Press, 2017. Pp. l + 198. $35. ʿAbdallāh Ibn Sbayyil. Arabian Romantic: Poems on Bedouin Life and Love. Edited and translated by Marcel Kurpershoek. Library of Arabic Literature. New York: New York University Press, 2018. Pp. li + 311. $35.
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  184.  1
    “Tu es de mon sang”: Les alliances dans le Proche-Orient ancien. By Dominique Charpin.Marc Van De Mieroop - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3).
    “Tu es de mon sang”: Les alliances dans le Proche-Orient ancien. By Dominique Charpin. Paris: collège de France, les Belles leTTres, 2019. Pp. 337, illus. €21.
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  185.  1
    Periodizations of Tang Poetry and Choices of Models in the Late Southern Song.Xiaoshan Yang - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (3):505.
    This study investigates the literary-historical context of the attempts by late Southern Song critics to periodize Tang poetry. It demonstrates that the primary agenda of these critics was to establish High Tang poetry as the sole correct model. The insistence on the supremacy of the High Tang went in tandem with, and formed part of, the rebuke of contemporary poets for choosing Late Tang poetry as the object of emulation. The focal point of contention was whether Late Tang poetry could (...)
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  186. Unknown Benno Landsberger: A Biographical Sketch of an Assyriological Altmeister’s Development, Exile, and Personal Life; and Bernard V. Bothmer, Egyptologist in the Making, 1912 through July 1946: With Bothmer’s Own Account of His Escape from Central Eur. [REVIEW]Gary Beckman - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2):502.
    The Unknown Benno Landsberger: A Biographical Sketch of an Assyriological Altmeister’s Develop- ment, Exile, and Personal Life. By Ludĕk Vacín. Leipziger Altorientalische Studien, vol. 10. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2018. Pp. xvi + 132, illus. €39. And: Bernard V. Bothmer, Egyptologist in the Making, 1912 through July 1946: With Bothmer’s Own Account of His Escape from Central Europe in October 1941. By Marianne Eaton-Krauss. Investgatio Orientis, vol. 3. Münster: Zaphon, 2019. Pp. 174, illus. €59.
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  187.  6
    The Morphology of the G-Stem Imperative in Semitic.Øyvind Bjøru - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2):329.
    I will assess earlier approaches to the morphology of the G-stem imperative in Semitic and mount a reconstruction that supports a specific set of disyllabic patterns for the imperative of the basic stem in Proto-Semitic, i.e., qutul, qitil, and qital. The most common process envisioned for the formation of the imperative is clipping from the prefix conjugation, but the most recent full treatment of the topic is Elitzur Bar-Asher Siegal’s revision and expansion of a century-old proposal that qatul, qatil, and (...)
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  188.  7
    Zum ägyptischen Lautwandel zwischen b und w.Stefan Bojowald - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2):437.
    The phonetic change between b and w is analyzed in a new way. The phenomenon can be considered as firmly established in current research and the list of examples is here enriched by further material. The objects of investigation consist of writings of single words, as well as plays on words.
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  189. Die Sicht auf die Welt zwischen Ost und West (750 v. Chr.–550 n. Chr.). Edited by Robert Rollinger.Stanley M. Burstein - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
    Die Sicht auf die Welt zwischen Ost und West. Edited by Robert Rollinger. Classica et Orientalia, vol. 12. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2017. Pp. x + 231 + 119, map in pocket. €79.
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  190.  4
    Not That Kind of Big Men: A Response to Lukas Nickel's Interpretation of the Term da ren 大人 in Lintao 臨洮.Frederick Shih-Chung Chen - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2):427.
    Lukas Nickel’s article “The First Emperor and Sculpture in China” in the Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies has drawn significant attention to the issue of Hellenistic influence on the making of the terracotta warriors excavated from the mausoleum of the First Emperor of China. In the perspective of textual evidence, Nickel attaches much importance to the connection between the Chinese report of the twelve da ren 大人 in Lintao 臨洮 in the Hanshu and the account of (...)
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  191.  1
    Lives of Sogdians in Medieval China. By Moritz Huber.Albert E. Dien - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
    Lives of Sogdians in Medieval China. By Moritz Huber. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2020. Pp. xvi + 350.
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  192. Édition synoptique et traduction des chapitres supplémentaires du Livre des Morts 162 à 167. By Annik Wüthrich.Silvia Einaudi - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
    Édition synoptique et traduction des chapitres supplémentaires du Livre des Morts 162 à 167. By Annik Wüthrich. 2 vols. Studien zu Ältägyptischen Totentexten, vol. 19. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2015. Pp. xxi + 333, viii + 179, illus. €168.
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  193.  1
    Anthropomorphism in Islam: The Challenge of Traditionalism (700–1350). By Llivnat Holtzman.Rachel El Omari - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
    Anthropomorphism in Islam: The Challenge of Traditionalism. By Llivnat Holtzman. Edinburgh Studies in Classical Islamic History and Culture. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2018. Pp. xi + 434. $130, £85 ; $44.95, £29.99.
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  194.  2
    Islam without Europe: Traditions of Reform in Eighteenth-Century Islamic Thought. By Ahmad S. Dallal.Khaled El-Rouayheb - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
    Islam without Europe: Traditions of Reform in Eighteenth-Century Islamic Thought. By Ahmad S. Dallal. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2018. Pp. ix + 421. $100 ; $34.95 ; $27.99.
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  195. Shinra Myōjin and Buddhist Networks of the East Asian “Mediterranean”. By SuJung Kim.Charlotte Eubanks - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
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  196. Medieval Jerusalem: Forging an Islamic City in Spaces Sacred to Christians and Jews. By Jacob Lassner.Miriam Frenkel - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
    Medieval Jerusalem: Forging an Islamic City in Spaces Sacred to Christians and Jews. By Jacob Lassner. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2017. Pp. xxv + 242. $75.
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  197.  3
    The Curious Case of the Jewish Sasanian Queen Šīšīnduxt: Exilarchal Propaganda and Zoroastrians in Tenth- to Eleventh-Century Baghdad.Simcha Gross - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2):365.
    The Provincial Capitals of Ērānšahr, a medieval Zoroastrian Middle Persian text, recounts how the daughter of the Jewish exilarch married the Sasanian king Yaz- dgird I and gave birth to Wahrām Gōr, his successor. While the historicity of the text has been largely undermined, scant attention has been given to its authorship and purpose. This article proposes that the story’s creators were members of the exilarch’s household in the tenth through eleventh century who internalized the broader concern with Sasanian pedigree (...)
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  198. Speaking with the Learning of Odes: Cao Zhi's Representation of the Shijing and Its Hermeneutic Traditions in the Contexts of Han-Wei China.Yixin Gu - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2):299.
    This paper investigates the representation of the Shijing 詩經 and its hermeneutic traditions in Cao Zhi’s 曹植 poetic writings with regard to the reception and utilization of the Shijing at different stages, especially the early third century CE. Cao Zhi not merely appropriated poetic utterances and literary patterns from particular odes but also presented a variety of Shijing-related interpretations, which show correspondences with different hermeneutic traditions that transcended the boundaries of the four main Shijing schools. This case represents a syncretic (...)
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  199. Historical Phonology of Tibetan, Burmese, and Chinese. By Nathan W. Hill.Zev Handel - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
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  200. Al-Ghazālī on Condemnation of Pride and Self-Admiration (Kitāb Dhamm al-kibr wa’l-ʿujb): Book XXIX of the Revival of the Religious Sciences (Iḥyāʾ ʿulūm al-dīn). Translated by Mohammed Rustom.Matthew B. Ingalls - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
    Al-Ghazālī on Condemnation of Pride and Self-Admiration : Book XXIX of the Revival of the Religious Sciences. Translated by Mohammed Rustom. Cambridge: The Islamic Texts Society, 2018. Pp. xxxvi + 190. £17.99.
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  201. Kleine Schriften. By Eva Tichy, edited by Axel Metzger.Stephanie W. Jamison - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
    Kleine Schriften. By Eva Tichy, edited by Axel Metzger. Bremen: Hempen Verlag, 2018. Pp. xviii + 698. €98.
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  202.  1
    Praising God in “Wondrous and Picturesque Ways”: Citrakāvya_ in a Telugu _Prabandha.Harshita Mruthinti Kamath - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2):255.
    Focused on Nandi Timmana’s sixteenth-century Telugu epic poem, Pārijātāpaharaṇamu, this article analyzes citrakāvya, a genre of poetry that includes various kinds of patterned verses, word puzzles, and figural poems. The seventeenth-century Telugu grammarian Appakavi outlines three genres of citrakāvya: 1) citrakavitvamu ; 2) bandhakavitvamu ; and 3) garbhakavitvamu. Timmana employs all three genres of citrakāvya in Theft of a Tree 5.92–99, which are set in the voice of Nārada praising Kṛṣṇa as god. Rather than reading citrakāvya as simply a form (...)
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  203. Sinography: The Borrowing and Adaptation of the Chinese Script. By Zev Handel.Peter Kornicki - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
    Sinography: The Borrowing and Adaptation of the Chinese Script. By Zev Handel. Language, Writing and Literary Culture in the Sinographic Cosmopolis, vol. 1. Leiden: Brill, 2019. Pp. xiv + 369. $59.
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  204. Al-Kashshāf: Al-Zamakhsharī’s Muʿtazilite Exegesis of the Qurʾan. By Kifayat Ullah.Suheil Laher - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
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  205.  1
    Salafism against Hadith Literature: The Curious Beginnings of a New Category in 1920s Algeria.Henri Lauzière - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2):403.
    This article examines the lexical emergence of salafiyya in the Algerian press between 1925 and 1927, which currently constitutes the earliest known use of this abstract noun in Arabic. An attentive reading of the sources reveals that, since it was a new category, it had not yet an established meaning. The task of outlining its definition and features fell to the reformers who first used it. One of them, Abū Yaʿlā al-Zawāwī, did so in a way that defies today’s conventional (...)
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  206.  2
    Sargon II, King of Assyria. By Josette Elayi.Sarah C. Melville - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
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  207.  1
    Reading Du Fu: Nine Views. Edited by Xiaofei Tian.Xiaojing Miao - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
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  208. Jamal Mian: The Life of Maulana Jamaluddin Abdul Wahab of Firangi Mahall, 1919–2012. By Francis Robinon.Gail Minault - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2):503.
    Jamal Mian: The Life of Maulana Jamaluddin Abdul Wahab of Firangi Mahall, 1919–2012. By Francis Robinon. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2017. Pp. xxv + 429. $29.95, £22.99.
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  209.  1
    Cambridge History of Science, vol. 1, Ancient Science. Edited by Alexander Jones and Liba Taub.Daniel Patrick Morgan - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
    The Cambridge History of Science, vol. 1, Ancient Science. Edited by Alexander Jones and Liba Taub. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018. Pp. xix + 642. $160.
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  210. Writing Laws in Antiquity. Edited by Dominique Jaillard and Christophe Nihan.William S. Morrow - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2):502.
    Writing Laws in Antiquity. Edited by Dominique Jaillard and Christophe Nihan. Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für Altorientalische und Biblische Rechtsgeschichte, vol. 19. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2017. Pp. 170. €58.
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  211. Baal and the Politics of Poetry. By Aaron Tugendhaft.Shirly Natan-Yulzary - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
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  212.  3
    Qur’an and Its Biblical Reflexes: Investigations into the Genesis of a Religion.Gabriel Said Reynolds - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
    The Qur’an and Its Biblical Reflexes: Investigations into the Genesis of a Religion. By Mark Durie. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2018. Pp. lvi + 337. $120.
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  213.  2
    Repentance in the Quran, Hadith, and Ibn Qudāma’s Kitāb al-Tawwābīn.Gabriel Reynolds & Amir Moghadam - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2):381.
    The Quran makes repentance an important element of piety and exhorts believers to repent of their sins. Numerous hadith also emphasize its importance, along with God’s merciful forgiveness of the repentant sinner. In his K. al-Tawwābīn, the Hanbali scholar Ibn Qudāma al-Maqdisī draws on a wide range of akhbār to present examples of repentance of angels, prophets, Companions of Muḥammad, pious mystics, and others, including non-Muslims. Ibn Qudāma’s treatise stands out for his frequent citation of accounts maligned by other scholars (...)
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  214. The Development of Diphthongs in Vedic Sanskrit.Kevin M. Ryan - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2):289.
    Old Indic diphthongs underwent a chain shift whereby e and o monophthongized and ai and au shortened, filling the gap. While it is clear that these changes were complete by the end of the Vedic period, it has been unclear when during that period they occurred. Based on the avoidance of superheavy syllables in metrical cadences, which is corroborated here, I argue that both shifts took place during the compositional period of the R̥ gveda. That is, they had not yet (...)
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  215.  3
    Presenting a Series of Royal Portraits in Fifth-Century Malwa: A Proposed Reinterpretation of the Chhoti Sadri Inscription.Richard Salomon - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2):273.
    The Chhoti Sadri inscription of the Mānavāyaṇi king Gauri of Malwa is a most unusual specimen of a Sanskrit verse praśasti. Its remarkably poor Sanskrit has attracted the most attention, but its rhetorical structure is also quite abnormal. It is proposed here that such unusual features as the first person presentation and the fronting of subjects with demonstrative pronouns suggest a setting involving an actual, or perhaps only an imagined, presentation of a royal portrait gallery, such as are attested both (...)
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  216. Just a Song: Chinese Lyrics from the Eleventh and Early Twelfth Centuries. By Stephen Owen.Stuart Sargent - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
    Just a Song: Chinese Lyrics from the Eleventh and Early Twelfth Centuries. By Stephen Owen. Harvard-Yenching Institute Monograph Series, vol. 114. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, 2019. Pp. 420. $49.95.
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  217. Mind and Body in Early China: Beyond Orientalism and the Myth of Holism. By Edward Slingerland.Hilary A. Smith - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
    Mind and Body in Early China: Beyond Orientalism and the Myth of Holism. By Edward Slingerland. New York: Oxford University Press, 2019. Pp. xiv + 385. $35.
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  218. Internal Reduplication among the t-Derived Verbal Stems of Akkadian.David Testen - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2):353.
    In formal terms, the Dtr-Stem of Akkadian mirrors and partially overlaps the more familiar Dt-Stem, albeit with an additional medial reduplicated syllable. It is suggested in the following that the Dtr did not arise as a deviant form of the Dt but represents a survival of the Dt’s morphology in early East Semitic. Similarly, the Št2-Stem, which shows a comparable added syllable, offers us evidence of the prehistory of the Št-Stem. The diffuse semantics of both the Dtr and the Št2 (...)
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  219. Violence, Kinship and the Early Chinese State: The Shang and Their World. By Roderick Campbell.Lothar Von Falkenhausen - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
    Violence, Kinship and the Early Chinese State: The Shang and Their World. By Roderick Campbell. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018. Pp. xxx + 331. $99.
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  220. Etrog: How a Chinese Fruit Became a Jewish Symbol and The Etrog Citron (Citrus medica L): Tradition and Research. Essays on the Scientific, Halachic and Historical Significance of the Etrog.Susan Weingarten - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
    Etrog: How a Chinese Fruit Became a Jewish Symbol. By David Z. Moster. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018. Pp. xv + 144, illus. $54.99. The Etrog Citron : Tradition and Research. Essays on the Scientific, Halachic and Historical Significance of the Etrog. Edited by eliezer goldSchmidT and moShe bar-JoSeph. Jerusalem: Mossad Harav Kook, 2018. Pp. 24 + 14 + 480, illus. IS96. [Hebrew with English abstracts].
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  221. Early Bronze Age Tombs of Jebel Hafit. By Bo Madsen.Paul A. Yule - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2):501.
    The Early Bronze Age Tombs of Jebel Hafit. By Bo Madsen. Aarhus: Jutland Archaeological Society and Moesgaard Museum, 2017. Pp. 245, illus. DKK 350. [Distributed by Aarhus University Press].
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  222.  2
    Treasure Trove of Benefits and Variety at the Table: A Fourteenth-Century Egyptian Cookbook. Translated by Nawal Nasrallah.Febe Armanios - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1).
    Treasure Trove of Benefits and Variety at the Table: A Fourteenth-Century Egyptian Cookbook. Translated by Nawal Nasrallah. Islamic History and Civilization, vol. 148. Leiden: Brill, 2017. Pp. xix + 704. $172, €149 ; $155, €135.
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  223. Kontaktzone Vorderer Orient und Ägypten: Orte, Situationen und Bedingungen für primäre griechisch-orientalische Kontakte vom 10. bis zum 6. Jahrhundert v. Chr. By Iris von Bredow. [REVIEW]Gary Beckman - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1).
    Kontaktzone Vorderer Orient und Ägypten: Orte, Situationen und Bedingungen für primäre griechisch-orientalische Kontakte vom 10. bis zum 6. Jahrhundert v. Chr. By Iris von Bredow. Geographica Historica, vol. 38. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 2017. Pp. 394, maps. €44.
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  224. Militarism and the Indo-Europeanizing of Europe. By Robert Drews.Gary Beckman - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1).
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  225. Memory in Medieval China: Text, Ritual, and Community. Edited by Wendy Swartz and Robert Ford Campany.Marie Bizais-Lillig - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1).
    Memory in Medieval China: Text, Ritual, and Community. Edited by Wendy Swartz and Robert Ford Campany. Sinica Leidensia, vol. 140. Leiden: Brill, 2017. Pp. x + 270. €99, $119.
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  226. Coming of Age in Medieval Egypt: Female Adolescence, Jewish Law, and Ordinary Culture. By Eve Krakowski.Ross Brahn - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1).
    Coming of Age in Medieval Egypt: Female Adolescence, Jewish Law, and Ordinary Culture. By Eve Krakowski. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2018. Pp. xvi + 350. $39.95, £32.95.
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  227.  13
    What Difference Does the Harivaṃśa Make to the Mahābhārata?Simon Brodbeck - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1):73.
    The Harivaṃśa has usually been seen as a later addition appended to the Mahābhārata, and so the Mahābhārata has usually been understood without it. This article first introduces an alternative approach, whereby these two texts are viewed as a single whole, and justifies that approach on the basis of the details presented in Mbh 1.2. Then the Harivaṃśa’s narrative mechanics are summarized, to contextualize what follows. The main body of the article offers three kinds of answer to the title question (...)
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  228.  8
    If Not, Or Else, and Maybe in Akkadian and Perhaps in Hebrew.Eran Cohen - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1):151.
    The particle ulašūma in Old Babylonian Akkadian is analyzed from a functional and syntactic point of view. In addition to its known functions as a pro-polar protasis and as a disjunctive particle, it is also concluded to function as a conditional exponent. As such it is shown to belong with other expressions of epistemic modality. Its most plausible diachronic source is determined, based on comparative as well as Akkadian material, to have been a non-verbal circumstantial expression *u lā šū not’) (...)
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  229. Isriye-Seriana (Iṯriyā): Heiligtum, Siedlung und Militärstation in Zentralsyrien von der frühen Kaiserzeit bis in die mamlukische Epoche. By Rüdiger Gogräfe.Edward Dąbrowa - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1).
    Isriye-Seriana : Heiligtum, Siedlung und Militärstation in Zentralsyrien von der frühen Kaiserzeit bis in die mamlukische Epoche. By Rüdiger Gogräfe. Damaszener Forschungen, vol. 17. Mainz: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 2017. Pp. xiv + 371, 49 pls., map in pocket. €92.50.
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  230. Constructing Authority: 8th Symposium on Egyptian Royal Ideology. Edited by Tamás A. Bács and Horst Beinlich.Katherine Eaton - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1).
    Constructing Authority: 8th Symposium on Egyptian Royal Ideology. Edited by Tamás A. Bács and Horst Beinlich. Königtum, Staat und Gesellschaft, Früher Hochkulturen, vol. 4.5. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2017. Pp. 296, illus. €78.
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  231. Philosophy and Medicine in the Formative Period of Islam. Edited by Peter Adamson and Peter Pormann.Nahyan Fancy - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1).
    Philosophy and Medicine in the Formative Period of Islam. Edited by Peter Adamson and Peter Pormann. Warburg Institute Colloquia, vol. 31. London: The Warburg Institute, 2017. Pp. vi + 308. $80.
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  232. Visualizing Emotions in the Ancient Near East. Edited by Sara Kipfer.Alhena Gadotti - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1).
    Visualizing Emotions in the Ancient Near East. Edited by Sara Kipfer. Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis, vol. 285. Fribourg: Academic Press, 2017. Pp. viii + 293, illus.
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  233. The Aesthetic of Brightness in Han Mirror Inscriptions.Yanlong Guo - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1):93.
    This article analyzes inscriptions cast on bronze mirrors of the Han dynasty to trace how the material property of brightness became emphatically aestheticized through an expressive rhetoric of radiance and brilliance, illumination and reflection. It argues that specular brightness as a defining feature of Han mirrors was exploited by artisans to attract potential buyers. In contrast to erudite philosophers who exclusively used the logograph ming 明 to modify the literary mirror in classical texts, artisans promoted their products by featuring terms (...)
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  234.  2
    Mandaic and the Palestinian Question.Charles Häberl - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1):171.
    In his 1875 description of the language, Theodor Nöldeke describes Mandaic as among the purest of the Aramaic languages and the furthest from Western Aramaic, particularly with respect to its lexicon. As Mandæans identify their faith with that of John the Baptist and his community of followers, this observation is not without relevance for assessing the veracity of their accounts and reconstructing their history prior to the advent of Islam. Departing from the assumption that these accounts are either inaccurate or (...)
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  235.  1
    The Chronotope of the Threshold in Gilgamesh.Sophus Helle - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1):185.
    The Epic of Gilgamesh is a story full of thresholds, liminal spaces, and times of transition. This essay investigates the representation of time and space in Gilgamesh, employing Mikhail Bakhtin’s concept of the “chronotope.” The chronotope is a methodological tool that Bakhtin developed to compare changing depictions of time and space across the history of literature, and I argue that the Epic of Gilgamesh employs what Bakhtin terms “the chronotope of the threshold.” I examine four aspects of this chronotope: the (...)
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  236. Persian Religion in the Achaemenid Period. Edited by Wouter F. M. Henkelman and Céline Redard.John O. Hyland - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1).
    Persian Religion in the Achaemenid Period. Edited by Wouter F. M. Henkelman and Céline Redard. Classica et Orientalia, vol. 16. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2017. Pp. 496, illus. €98.
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  237.  1
    Qurʾān and the Bible: Text and Commentary. By Gabriel Said Reynolds.John Kaltner - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1).
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  238. Taoism and Self Knowledge: The Chart for the Cultivation of Perfection (Xiuzhen tu). By Catherine Despeux. Translated by Jonathan Pettit. [REVIEW]Louis Komjathy - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1).
    Taoism and Self Knowledge: The Chart for the Cultivation of Perfection. By Catherine Despeux. Translated by Jonathan Pettit. Sinica Leidensia, vol. 142. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Pp. xiv + 297. €125, $150.
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  239. Lapis and Gold: Exploring Chester Beatty’s Ruzbihan Qurʾan. By Elaine Wright.Evyn Kropf - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1).
    Lapis and Gold: Exploring Chester Beatty’s Ruzbihan Qurʾan. By Elaine Wright. London: Ad Ilissum, 2018. Pp. xvi + 320, color illus. $120, £90.00, €100.
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  240. Vaiṣṇava Poet in Early Modern Bengal: Kavikarṇapūra’s Splendour of Speech. By Rembert Lutjeharms.Rebecca Manring - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1).
    A Vaiṣṇava Poet in Early Modern Bengal: Kavikarṇapūra’s Splendour of Speech. By Rembert Lutjeharms. Oxford Theology and Religion Monographs. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. 360. $99.
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  241.  4
    The Ancient Indian Alcoholic Drink Called Surā: Vedic Evidence.James McHugh - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1):49.
    A drink called surā is the alcoholic drink mentioned in our oldest Indian text, the Ṛg Veda, and people continued to make a drink called surā for millennia. This article uses the methodology of the comparative study of fermentation methods in order to make sense of the earliest descriptions of surā brewing processes. Surā was brewed in a semi-solid state, using malts for saccharification, perhaps also with a complex microbial ferment starter as one sees elsewhere in Asia today. Surā was (...)
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  242.  1
    The Inquisition outside Baghdad.Christopher Melchert - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1):201.
    The Inquisition of al-Maʾmūn was a serious attempt to establish the caliph as arbiter of Islamic orthodoxy. It was actively prosecuted by the succeeding two caliphs, and finally abolished by his nephew, the caliph al-Mutawakkil, in 237/852. The most information we have about it by far is how it was carried out in Baghdad. Various sources, mostly biographical, also tell us something of its prosecution in Basra, Kufa, Damascus, Isfahan, Old Cairo, and Qayrawan, surveyed here. These scattered data confirm that (...)
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  243.  1
    The Life and Works of Abū al-Ḥusayn ʿAbd al-Bāqī b. Qāniʿ.Pavel Pavlovitch - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1):1.
    ʿAbd al-Bāqī b. Qāniʿ was a traditionist and evaluator of transmitters, one of the founders of the genre of biographical dictionaries devoted to the Com- panions of the Prophet. Ibn Qāniʿ has not attracted much attention from scholars— only Khalīl Qūtlāy has authored a doctoral dissertation, now published in fifteen volumes, that comprises Ibn Qāniʿ’s Muʿjam al-ṣaḥāba. In this essay I argue that Ibn Qāniʿ and his contemporaries relied on the chains of hadith transmission to extract the names of many (...)
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  244. The Flavors of Monks' Poetry: On a Witty Disparagement and Its Influences.Jason Protass - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1):125.
    This essay focuses on a humorous metaphor that appears prominently in critiques of Buddhist monks’ poetry, from the eleventh century onward. Alluding to the monastic vegetarian diet, critics leveled that monks’ poetry had “a whiff of vegetables”, “the flavor of cabbage and bamboo shoots”, or “the taste of pickled stuffing”. The double meaning of qi 氣 is literally flavor or smell and by extension also refers to an individual’s literary style and character. Members of the literati largely agreed that such (...)
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  245. Overturned Boat: Intertextuality of the Adapa Myth and Exorcist Literature. By Amar Annus.Seth Sanders - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1).
    Overturned Boat: Intertextuality of the Adapa Myth and Exorcist Literature. By Amar Annus. State Archives of Assyria Studies, vol. 24. Helsinki: The Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, 2016. Pp. xii + 144. $59.
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  246.  2
    The Early Shiʿi Kufan Traditionists' Perspective on the Rightly Guided Caliphs.I.-Wen Su - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1):27.
    This article revisits a widely accepted yet unsubstantiated trajectory of early Kufan Zaydi history, namely, that with ʿAlī recognized as the fourth rightly guided caliph by the proto-Sunni traditionists, represented by Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal, the Batri traditionists were Sunnified. Analysis of Safīna’s hadith transmission and the transmitters of the first four caliphs’ virtues suggests that the four-caliphs thesis was likely circulated in Kufa by the late eighth century and that Kufan traditionists of various sectarian persuasions played an important role in (...)
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  247. Domestic Rituals of the Atharvaveda in the Paippalāda Tradition of Orissa: Śrīdhara’s Vivāhādikarmapañjikā, vol. 1: Book One, Part One, General Prescriptions. Edited with an introduction by Arlo Griffiths and Shilpa Sumant. [REVIEW]Yasuhiro Tsuchiyama - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1).
    Domestic Rituals of the Atharvaveda in the Paippalāda Tradition of Orissa: Śrīdhara’s Vivāhādikarmapañjikā, vol. 1: Book One, Part One, General Prescriptions. Edited with an introduction by Arlo Griffiths and Shilpa Sumant. Collection Indologie, vol. 135. Pondicherry: institut français de pondichéry, École française d’extrême-orient, 2018. Pp. cxxxiv + 172.
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  248. Mamluk Cairo, a Crossroads for Embassies: Studies on Diplomacy and Diplomatics. Edited by Frédéric Bauden and Malika Dekkiche.Daniel Martin Varisco - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1).
    Mamluk Cairo, a Crossroads for Embassies: Studies on Diplomacy and Diplomatics. Edited by Frédéric Bauden and Malika Dekkiche. Islamic History and Civilization, vol. 161. Leiden: Brill, 2019. Pp. xxvii + 881. $179, €149 ; $162, €135.
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  249.  3
    Marduk the Fisherman.Selena Wisnom - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1):211.
    This note considers Marduk’s use of the net in Enūma eliš. This weapon is usually assumed to be a net for catching birds inherited from Marduk’s relationship to Ninurta mythology, since Ninurta’s opponent in battle was the demonic bird Anzû. Here it is suggested that the net can also be used as a fishing net and portrays Marduk as a fisherman. This coheres with the nature of Marduk’s opponent, Ti’āmtu, whose name means sea, and also fits into the depiction of (...)
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  250.  7
    Sufism: A New History of Islamic Mysticism. By Alexander Knysh.Cyrus Ali Zargar - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (1).
  251.  1
    Myth of Rebellious Angels: Studies in Second Temple Judaism and New Testament Texts. By Loren T. Stuckenbruck.Mika Ahuvia - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    Myth of Rebellious Angels: Studies in Second Temple Judaism and New Testament Texts. By Loren T. Stuckenbruck. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2017. Pp. xx + 427. $50.
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  252.  1
    Jesuits and Matriarchs: Domestic Worship in Early Modern China. By Nadine Amsler.Katherine Alexander - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    Jesuits and Matriarchs: Domestic Worship in Early Modern China. By Nadine Amsler. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2018. Pp. ix + 258. $95 ; $30.
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  253. Two Festivals Celebrated by a Hittite Prince (CTH 647.I and II–III): New Light on Local Cults in North-Central Anatolia in the Second Millennium BC. By Piotr Taracha.Francesco G. Barsacchi - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    Two Festivals Celebrated by a Hittite Prince : New Light on Local Cults in North-Central Anatolia in the Second Millennium BC. By Piotr Taracha. Studien zu den Boğazköy-Texten, vol. 61. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2017. Pp. xix + 222, pls. €68.
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  254. Ausgrabungen und Forschungen in der westlichen Oberstadt von Ḫattuša II. Edited by Andreas Schachner.Gary Beckman - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    Ausgrabungen und Forschungen in der westlichen Oberstadt von Ḫattuša II. Edited by Andreas Schachner. Boğazköy-Ḫattuša, Ergebnisse der Ausgrabungen, vol. 25. Berlin: W. de Gruyter, 2017. Pp. xi + 401, illus., 2 plans. €129.95.
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  255.  1
    Sharīʿa Scripts: A Historical Anthropology. By Brinkley Messick.Maurits S. Berger - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
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  256.  2
    The Epitaph of a Buddhist Lady: A Newly Discovered Chinese-Sogdian Bilingual.Bi Bo & Nicholas Sims-Williams - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4):803.
    The inscription edited in this paper is the third bilingual Chinese-Sogdian epitaph to be made known, following that of Wirkakk and Wiyusi and that of Nanai-vande and Kekan, published in 2005 and 2017 respectively. The new epitaph is that of a Sogdian lady who died in 736 CE. Apart from its linguistic interest, it is important as attesting the conversion of a Sogdian lady to the “heretical” Buddhist Sanjie or “Three levels” movement, which remained popular despite being officially suppressed under (...)
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  257. Rage like an Egyptian: Möglichkeiten eines kognitiv-semantischen Zugangs zum altägyptischen Wortschatz am Beispiel des Wortfelds [Wut]. By Ines Köhler.Stefan Bojowald - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    Rage like an Egyptian: Möglichkeiten eines kognitiv-semantischen Zugangs zum altägyptischen Wortschatz am Beispiel des Wortfelds [Wut]. By Ines Köhler. Beihefte zur Studien zur altägyptischen Kultur, vol. 18. Hamburg: Buske, 2016. Pp. xi + 442. €178.
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  258.  1
    Literary Powerhouse from the Social Margins: Poetry Societies of Secondary Status Groups in Late Chosŏn Korea.Hwisang Cho - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4):821.
    The communal composition and recitation of poems, as the marker of cultural distinction, constituted the central activities in the social networking of educated elites throughout premodern Korea. Poetry societies, therefore, had prospered in elite circles until the dawn of the modern period. This literary culture trickled down to nonelites during the late Chosŏn period. Some poetry societies of secondary status groups developed into centers of literary production in turn-of-the-nineteenth-century Seoul; prominent yangban elites willingly joined them, and their events attracted attention (...)
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  259. Prozessrecht und Eid: Recht und Rechtsfindung in antiken Kulturen. Teil 1. Edited by Heinz Barta, Martin Lang, and Robert Rollinger.Birgit Christiansen - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    Prozessrecht und Eid: Recht und Rechtsfindung in antiken Kulturen. Teil 1. Edited by Heinz Barta, Martin Lang, and Robert Rollinger. Philippika, vol. 86.1. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2015. Pp. xiii + 240. €56.
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  260. Animals through Chinese History: Earliest Times to 1911. Edited by Roel Sterckx, Martina Siebert, and Dagmar Schäfer.Rebecca Doran - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    Animals through Chinese History: Earliest Times to 1911. Edited by Roel Sterckx, Martina Siebert, and Dagmar Schäfer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019. Pp. xiv + 277. $105.
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  261.  1
    Women in Antiquity: Real Women across the Ancient World. Edited by Stephanie Lynn Budin and Jean Macintosh Turfa.Lisbeth S. Fried & Ruth Scodel - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    Women in Antiquity: Real Women across the Ancient World. Edited by Stephanie Lynn Budin and Jean Macintosh Turfa. Rewriting Antiquity. London: Routledge, 2016. Pp. xxxvi + 1074, illus. $240.
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  262. What India and China Once Were: The Pasts That May Shape the Global Future. Edited by Sheldon I. Pollock and Benjamin A. Elman. [REVIEW]Yegor Grebnev - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    What India and China Once Were: The Pasts That May Shape the Global Future. Edited by Sheldon I. Pollock and Benjamin A. Elman. New York: Columbia University Press, 2018. Pp. xiii + 365. $35.
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  263.  1
    A New View of the Aramaeans.Maria Giulia Amadasi Guzzo - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4):955.
    In recent years a renewed interest has been devoted to the Aramaeans, to their origins and expansion, in particular on the basis of new discoveries and methods of research. Using all the information available—mainly written but also archaeological—K. Lawson Younger has produced an historical reconstruction of each Aramaic group, tribe, and polity, in which all the still unsolved questions concerning origin and social and political development up to the dissolution of the main states in the face of the Achaemenids are (...)
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  264. Fishers of Fish and Fishers of Men: Fishing Imagery in the Hebrew Bible and the Ancient Near East. By Tyler R. Yoder.Christopher B. Hays - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    Fishers of Fish and Fishers of Men: Fishing Imagery in the Hebrew Bible and the Ancient Near East. By Tyler R. Yoder. Explorations in Ancient Near Eastern Civilizations, vol. 4. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2016. Pp. xviii + 222, illus. $54.50.
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  265. L’invention du cadi: La justice des musulmans, des juifs et des chrétiens aux premiers siècles de l’Is- lam. By Mathieu Tillier.Nejmeddine Hentati - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    L’invention du cadi: La justice des musulmans, des juifs et des chrétiens aux premiers siècles de l’Is- lam. By Mathieu Tillier. Bibliothèque historique des pays d’Islam, vol. 10. Paris : Publications de la Sorbonne, 2017. Pp. 704. €45.
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  266. Nachgelassene Schriften: 1. Ein westtocharisches Ordinationsritual. 2. Eine dritte tocharische Sprache: Lolanisch. By Klaus T. Schmidt. [REVIEW]Doug Hitch - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    Nachgelassene Schriften: 1. Ein westtocharisches Ordinationsritual. 2. Eine dritte tocharische Sprache: Lolanisch. By Klaus T. Schmidt. Edited by Stefan Zimmer. Monographien zur Indischen Archäologie, Kunst und Philologie, vol. 24. Bremen: Hempen, 2018. Pp. xiv + 275. $75.
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  267. A New Approach to Prohibitive Constructions in the R̥gveda_ and the _Atharvaveda.Ian Hollenbaugh - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4):777.
    Negative commands in Vedic have traditionally been divided into two classes: those built with the Aorist stem and those built with the Present stem. The former is said to be “preventive,” used to ward off some dreaded future eventuality, while the latter is said to be “inhibitive,” used to halt some currently ongoing action. I challenge this division on two grounds: one functional and one formal. Re-examining all prohibitions of the two oldest Sanskrit texts, the R̥gveda and the Atharvaveda, I (...)
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  268. Neo-Assyrian Specialists: Crafts, Offices, and Other Professional Designations. By Heather D. Baker.Stefan Jakob - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4):1024.
    Neo-Assyrian Specialists: Crafts, Offices, and Other Professional Designations. By Heather D. Baker. The Prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, vol. 4, pt. 1, Professions Index. Helsinki: The Neo- ASssrian Text Corpus Project, 2017. Pp. xvii + 397. $94. [Distributed by Penn State Univ. Press, University Park, PA].
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  269.  2
    Codification of Islamic Criminal Law in the Sudan: Penal Codes and Supreme Court Case Law under Numayrī and al-Bashīr. By Olaf Köndgen.Christina Jones-Pauly - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    The Codification of Islamic Criminal Law in the Sudan: Penal Codes and Supreme Court Case Law under Numayrī and al-Bashīr. By Olaf Köndgen. Studies in Islamic Law and Society, vol. 43. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Pp. xii + 480. $171, €149.
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  270. Fremdes in Anatolien: Importgüter aus dem Ostmittelmeerraum und Mesopotamien als Indikator für spätbronzezeitliche Handels- und Kulturkontakte. By Ekin Kozal.Jorrit M. Kelder - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    Fremdes in Anatolien: Importgüter aus dem Ostmittelmeerraum und Mesopotamien als Indikator für spätbronzezeitliche Handels- und Kulturkontakte. By Ekin Kozal. Schriften zur Vorderasiatischen Archäologie, vol. 11. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2017. Pp. 261, illus. €84.
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  271. The American Oriental Society and the First Japanese Book Printed in the United States.Peter Kornicki - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4):839.
    Commodore Perry’s expedition to Japan in 1853–1854 was more than just a diplomatic mission: it also had scientific objectives and for the officers and crews it was in addition an opportunity to do some shopping. Among the goods bought in Japan were various books, some of which were donated to the American Oriental Society. In 1855 the Lippincott Company of Philadelphia published a facsimile of a Japanese illustrated book, which had first been published in 1740, with accompanying transcription and partial (...)
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  272.  1
    Sibilants in Libyco-Berber.Maarten Kossman - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4):875.
    The second-century BCE Libyco-Berber inscriptions from Dougga have seven different signs for sibilants. In this article the sibilant system of these inscriptions and of the language they represent is studied in detail. It is shown that the different signs are not just graphemic variants but represent different pronunciations. It is also shown that there is a possibility that the seven signs in fact represent three or four articulations with a length contrast, even though the evidence is very weak. As Proto-Berber (...)
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  273. Friendship in the Hebrew Bible. By Saul M. Olyan.Ethan J. Leib - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    Friendship in the Hebrew Bible. By Saul M. Olyan. The Anchor Yale Bible Reference Library. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2017. Pp. xiii + 191. $50.
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  274.  4
    Ibn Ḥanbal’s Refutation of the Jahmiyya.Andrew G. McLaren - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4):901.
    This article documents the main developments in the textual history of a short polemical treatise ascribed to Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal, al-Radd ʿalā al-zanādiqa wa-l-jahmiyya. In particular, I show that three different, if related, recensions of the text exist in manuscript. Then, drawing on evidence from the text and biobibliographical sources, I show that al-Radd only emerged over several centuries. The idea for the text finds its roots in the earlist elaborations of Hanbali theology, perhaps even in the notebooks of Ibn (...)
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  275.  1
    Lives of the Prophets: The Illustrations to Hafiz-i Abru’s ‘Assembly of Chronicles’. By Mohamad Reza Ghiasian.Rachel Milstein - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    Lives of the Prophets: The Illustrations to Hafiz-i Abru’s ‘Assembly of Chronicles’. By Mohamad Reza Ghiasian. Studies in Persian Cultural History, vol. 16. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Pp. xv + 343. $159, €132.
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  276.  1
    Mouse vs. Cat in Chinese Literature: Tales and Commentary. Translated and introduced by Wilt l. Idema.Jessica Moyer - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    Mouse vs. Cat in Chinese Literature: Tales and Commentary. Translated and introduced by Wilt l. Idema. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2019. Pp. xvii + 254. $30.
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  277. Brahmā’s Curse: Facets of Political and Social Violence in Premodern Kashmi. By Walter Slaje.John Nemec - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    Brahmā’s Curse: Facets of Political and Social Violence in Premodern Kashmir. By Walter Slaje. Studia Indologica Universitatis Halensis, vol. 13. Halle an der Saale: Universitätsverlag Halle-Wittenberg, 2019. Pp. viii + 53. €48.
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  278. Neunzehn Alte Gedichte (Gushi shijiu shou 古詩十九首) aus der Han-Zeit. By Manfred W. Frühauf.Antje Richter - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    Neunzehn Alte Gedichte aus der Han-Zeit. By Manfred W. Frühauf. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2019. Pp. x + 369. €58.
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  279. Lords of Asia Minor: An Introduction to the Lydians. By Annick Payne and Jorit Wintjes.Eduard V. Rung & Christopher J. Tuplin - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    Lords of Asia Minor: An Introduction to the Lydians. By Annick Payne and Jorit Wintjes. Philippika, vol. 93. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2016. Pp. x + 144, illus. €29.80.
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  280.  1
    Innovation, Influence, and Borrowing in Mamluk-Era Legal Maxim Collections: The Case of Ibn ʿAbd al-Salām and al-Qarāfī.Mariam Sheibani - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4):927.
    Recent scholarship has emphasized the contributions of the great Maliki jurist Shihāb al-Dīn al-Qarāfī to Islamic legal thought. However, al-Qarāfī’s compilation of legal maxims and distinctions, al-Furūq, has not yet been studied, nor has the collection of his teacher, the prominent Shafiʿi jurist Ibn ʿAbd al-Salām, known as al-Qawāʿid al-kubrā. Furthermore, the original thought of Ibn ʿAbd al-Salām and his formative influence on al-Qarāfī have been understated. This article compares their two works to demonstrate that al-Qarāfī based his collection in (...)
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  281. Von Meroe bis Indien: Fremdvölkerlisten und nubische Gabenträger in den griechisch-römischen Tempeln. By Holger Kockelmann and Alexa Rickert.Christoffer Theis - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    Von Meroe bis Indien: Fremdvölkerlisten und nubische Gabenträger in den griechisch-römischen Tempeln. By Holger Kockelmann and Alexa Rickert. Studien zur spätägyptischen Religion, vol. 12. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2015. Pp. x + 357, 6 pls. €128.
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  282. Der Sarkophag der Gottesgemahlin Anchnesneferibre. By Mareike Wagner.Susanne Töpfer - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    Der Sarkophag der Gottesgemahlin Anchnesneferibre. By Mareike Wagner. Studien zur spätägyptischen Religion, vol. 16. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2016. Pp. xii + 618, portfolio of 16 pls., CD-ROM. €168.
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  283. The Chaoskampf Myth in the Biblical Tradition.David Toshio Tsumura - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4):963.
    Three monographs published between 2012 and 2015 are considered here, in particular concerning their treatment of the so-called Chaoskampf myth in the Hebrew Bible and in the ancient Near East. The first two, by Gregory Mobley and Bernard Batto, still hold to the traditional Gunkelian approach to this subject and think that the Chaoskampf motif of Enūma elish is behind Gen. 1 and hence that creation is the result of conflict. While Mobley’s view is more ideological and theological, Batto focuses (...)
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  284. The Eagle and the Snake, or anzû_ and _bašmu_? Another Mythological Dimension in the _Epic of Etana.Jonathan Valk - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4):889.
    Much of the surviving text of the Epic of Etana tells the story of an eagle and a snake. The eagle and snake are extraordinary creatures, and their story abounds with mythological subtext. This paper argues that the Neo-Assyrian recension of Etana was amended to include explicit references to the eagle and the snake by the names of their mythological counterparts, anzû and bašmu. These references occur in two analogous contexts and serve the same narrative purpose: to dehumanize the other (...)
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  285. Time and Its Adversaries in the Seleucid Empire. by Paul J. Kosmin.Branko F. Van Oppen de Ruiter - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
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  286.  1
    Chief Eunuch of the Ottoman Harem: From African Slave to Power-Broker. By Jane Hathaway.Madeline C. Zilfi - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (4).
    The Chief Eunuch of the Ottoman Harem: From African Slave to Power-Broker. By Jane Hathaway. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2018. Pp. xvi + 323. $105, £75.
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  287. Halberd at Red Cliff: Jian’an and the Three Kingdoms. By Xiaofei Tian.Pablo A. Blitstein - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
    The Halberd at Red Cliff: Jian’an and the Three Kingdoms. By Xiaofei Tian. Harvard-Yenching Institute Monograph Series, vol. 108. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, Harvard University, 2018. Pp. xvi + 454. $49.95.
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  288.  1
    Etymologische Kleinigkeiten VI: Das ägyptische Wort ṯwn.w ‘Kampfstier’.Stefan Bojowald - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3):701.
    The etymology of the Egyptian word ṯwn.w ‘fighting bull’ is treated once again. The connection of this word with the root ṯwn ‘to stab’ by Morenz is supported with new arguments. Goring by bulls can be demonstrated in textual sources as well.
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  289.  1
    Kings, Countries, Peoples: Selected Studies on the Achaemenid Empire. By Pierre Briant, translated by Amélie Kuhrt.Henry P. Colburn - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
    Kings, Countries, Peoples: Selected Studies on the Achaemenid Empire. By Pierre Briant, translated by Amélie Kuhrt. Oriens et Occidens, vol. 26. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2017. Pp. xxv + 633. €99.
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  290.  6
    Infidel or Paganus? The Polysemy of kafara in the Quran.Juan Cole - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3):615.
    This article explores the meaning of the root k-f-r in the Quran, questioning the practice of translating the noun kāfir as “infidel.” It argues for a distinction between the idiomatic phrasal verb kafara bi-, which does mean to reject or disbelieve, and the simple intransitive verb kafara and its deverbal nouns, which are used in the Quran in a large number of different ways. This polysemy is explored through contextual readings of Quran passages. It is argued that the noun kāfir, (...)
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  291.  4
    Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq on His Galen Translations. Edited and translated by John C. Lamoreaux.Glen M. Cooper - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
    Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq on His Galen Translations. Edited and translated by John C. Lamoreaux. Eastern Christian Texts. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 2016. Pp. xxxiii + 207. $49.95.
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  292. Parthika: Greek and Roman Authors’ Views of the Arsacid Empire. Edited by Josef Wiesehöfer and Sabine Müller.Jan Willem Drivers - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
    Parthika: Greek and Roman Authors’ Views of the Arsacid Empire. Edited by Josef Wiesehöfer and Sabine Müller. Classica et Orientalia, vol. 15. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2017. Pp. xiii + 312. €78.
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  293. Oppression and Salvation: Annotated Legal Documents from the Ottoman Book of Complaints of 1675. By Haim Gerber.Boǧaç Ergene - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
    Oppression and Salvation: Annotated Legal Documents from the Ottoman Book of Complaints of 1675. By Haim Gerber. Studien zur Sprache, Geschichte und Kultur der Turkvölker, vol. 27. Berlin: Klaus Schwarz, 2018. Pp. 188. €68.
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  294. World in a Book: Al-Nuwayri and the Islamic Encyclopedic Tradition. By Elias Muhanna.Anotonella Ghersetti - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
    The World in a Book: Al-Nuwayri and the Islamic Encyclopedic Tradition. By Elias Muhanna. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2018. Pp. xiii + 214. $39.95.
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  295. “Die Geheimnisse der Vorväter”: Edition, Übersetzung und Kommentierung einer esoterischen mandäischen Handschrift aus der Bodleian Library Oxford. By Bogdan Burtea.Charles G. Häberl - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
    “Die Geheimnisse der Vorväter”: Edition, Übersetzung und Kommentierung einer esoterischen mandäischen Handschrift aus der Bodleian Library Oxford. By Bogdan Burtea. Mandäistische Forschungen, vol. 5. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2015. Pp. 153, illus. €49.
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  296. Prostitution in the Eastern Mediterranean World: The Economics of Sex in the Late Antique and Medieval Middle East. By Gary Leiser.Charles G. Häberl - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
    Prostitution in the Eastern Mediterranean World: The Economics of Sex in the Late Antique and Medieval Middle East. By Gary Leiser. London: I.B. Tauris, 2017. Pp. xv + 332. $52.50, £35.
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  297.  1
    Early Tantric Medicine: Snakebite, Mantras, and Healing in the Gāruḍa Tantras. By Michael Slouber.Shaman Hatley - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
    Early Tantric Medicine: Snakebite, Mantras, and Healing in the Gāruḍa Tantras. By Michael Slouber. New York: Oxford University Press, 2017. Pp. xii + 375. $125.
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  298. Caliph and the Heretic: Ibn Sabaʾ and the Origins of Shiʿism. By Sean W. Anthony.Edmund Hayes - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3):775.
    The Caliph and the Heretic: Ibn Sabaʾ and the Origins of Shiʿism. By Sean W. Anthony. Islamic History and Civilization, vol. 91. Leiden: Brill, 2012. Pp. xiii + 352. $189, €152.
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  299.  1
    Islam and the Rule of Justice: Image and Reality in Muslim Law and Culture. By Lawrence Rosen.Iza Hussin - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
    Islam and the Rule of Justice: Image and Reality in Muslim Law and Culture. By Lawrence Rosen. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2018. Pp. xi + 279. $105 ; $35.
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  300.  3
    An Unrecognized Prophetic Ostracon from Ḥorvat ʿUza.Moise Isaac - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3):593.
    The uncertainty concerning the genre of the Ḥorvat ʿUza ostracon 1 is problematized through the lens of linguistic anthropology. Although a denotative approach to the linguistic forms in this Hebrew ostracon is well attested, less attention has been paid to the indexical meaning of specific stylistic features and their semi- otic register implications. Several linguistic-ideological concepts are drawn upon to examine how the act of inscription and specialized linguistic forms align the discursive genre of the ostracon with prophecy. I seek (...)
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  301.  1
    Zur Didaktik mittelindischer Sprachen. By Klaus Mylius.Stephanie W. Jamison - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
    Zur Didaktik mittelindischer Sprachen. By Klaus Mylius. Beiträge zur Kenntnis südasiatischer Sprachen und Literaturen, vol. 23. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2013. Pp. 100. €24. In the same series, with the same author and publisher:Lehrbuch der Ardhamāgadhī...., vol. 24...., 2014. Pp. 110. €29.Māhārāṣṭrī: Grammatischer Abriss und Wörterbuch...., vol. 25...., 2016. Pp. 131. €29.90. Śaurasenī: Grammatik und Glossar...., vol. 27...., 2018. Pp. 89. €29.90.Māgadhī: Grammatik, Textproben und Glossar...., vol. 29...., 2019. Pp. 74. €29.
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  302.  2
    The Silence of the Commentaries: Pradeśāḥ_ in the Text of the _Kāśikāvṛtti.Malhar Kulkarni & Eivind Kahrs - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3):665.
    As is well known, the Kāśikāvṛtti is the oldest extant rule-by-rule commentary on the Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini. Two major commentaries on it are available, the Nyāsa from the eighth century and the Padamañjarī, most likely from the eleventh century. In this article we focus on the term pradeśa, which is a familiar feature of the printed editions of the Kāśikāvṛtti on the sañjñā sūtras of the Aṣṭādhyāyī. A closer examination, however, shows that the sentence “Xpradeśāḥ — X... ity evamādayaḥ” is (...)
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  303. Ancient Chinese Encyclopedia of Technology: Translation and Annotation of the Kaogong ji (The Artificer’s Record). By Wenren Jun.Y. Edmund Lien - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
    Ancient Chinese Encyclopedia of Technology: Translation and Annotation of the Kaogong ji. By Wenren Jun. Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 2018. Pp. xxviii + 525. $224 ; $49.95.
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  304.  1
    Wenzi: Creativity and Intertextuality in Early Chinese Philosophy. By Paul van Els.Andrew Meyer - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
    The Wenzi: Creativity and Intertextuality in Early Chinese Philosophy. By Paul van Els. Studies in the History of Chinese Texts, vol. 9. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Pp. xiv + 233. $108, €90.
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  305. Spatial Imaginaries in Mid-Tang China: Geography, Cartography, and Literature. By Ao Wang.Xiaojing Miao - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
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  306.  4
    Featherwork in Early and Medieval China.Olivia Milburn - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3):549.
    This paper is concerned with the early documented history of featherwork in China, as described in historical texts and literature up until the end of the Tang dynasty in 907 CE. Although featherwork from several Pacific islands and Latin America has recently been the subject of academic attention, the important Chinese tradition has been neglected. Drawing on studies of featherwork from other cultures, this paper divides these accounts by technical criterion into flexible base featherwork ; rigid base featherwork ; and (...)
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  307. L’imamat et l’occultation selon l’imamisme: Étude bibliographique et histoire des textes. By Hassan Ansari.Andrew J. Newman - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
    L’imamat et l’occultation selon l’imamisme: Étude bibliographique et histoire des textes. By Hassan Ansari. Islamic History and Civilization, vol. 134. Leiden: Brill, 2017. Pp. xx + 310 + 268. $245, €204.
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  308. Forming the Early Chinese Court: Rituals, Spaces, Roles. By Luke Habberstad.Yuri Pines - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
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  309.  2
    The Ethical Thesis: Practical Reason in Islamic Legal Hermeneutics. By Abdessamad BelhaJ.A. Kevin Reinhart - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
    The Ethical Thesis: Practical Reason in Islamic Legal Hermeneutics. By Abdessamad BelhaJ. Documenta et Monographiae, vol. 8. Piliscsaba, Hungary: Avicenna institute of Middle Eastern Studies, 2015. Pp. 199. €38.80.
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  310. Writing Chinese Laws: The Form and Function of Legal Statutes Found in the Qin Shuihudi Corpus. By Ernest Caldwell.Thies Staack - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
    Writing Chinese Laws: The Form and Function of Legal Statutes Found in the Qin Shuihudi Corpus. By Ernest Caldwell. Routledge Studies in Asian Law. New York: Routledge, 2018. Pp. x + 202. $149.24 ; $24.98.
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  311.  7
    The Book of the Wars of the Lord (Num. 21:14–20): Philology and Hydrology, Geography and Ethnography.Richard C. Steiner - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3):563.
    Num. 21:14 contains one of the most enigmatic phrases in the Pentateuch בּסוּ ָפה The usual interpretations of ֶאת turn the phrase into gibberish because they require the presence of a verb, which is nowhere to be found. Some scholars have supplied an understood verb; others have resorted to emendation. A better solution is available: ֶאת in our passage is a verb masquerading as a preposition. It is easily construed, without the slightest change, as an archaic apocopated/biliteral imperative of א-ת-י, (...)
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  312.  1
    A Fresh Analysis of the Origin and Diachronic Development of “Dialectal Tanwīn” in Arabic.Philip W. Stokes - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3):637.
    Scholars of Arabic dialects have long noted the occurrence of a morpheme in a widespread number of dialects, realized -ən or -an, frequently suffixed to morphologically indefinite nouns, especially when followed by an adjective. Separately, another morpheme, realized -un or -u, is attested with a slightly different distribution in the dialects of western Yemen. Traditionally, scholars have interpreted both morphemes as reflexes of an etymological case vowel + tanwīn, traditionally labeled “dialectal tanwīn.” In this paper, I offer a new reconstruction (...)
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  313. Between Christ and Caliph: Law, Marriage, and Christian Community in Early Islam. By Lev E. Weitz.John Tolan - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
    Between Christ and Caliph: Law, Marriage, and Christian Community in Early Islam. By Lev E. Weitz. Divinations: Rereading Late Ancient Religion. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2018. Pp. viii + 340. $65.
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  314. Zuo Tradition / Zuozhuan 左傳: Commentary on the “Spring and Autumn Annals”. Translated with an introduction by Stephen Durrant, Wai-yee Li, and David Schhaberg.Newell Ann Van Auken - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
    Zuo Tradition / Zuozhuan 左傳: Commentary on the “Spring and Autumn Annals”. Translated with an introduction by Stephen Durrant, Wai-yee Li, and David Schhaberg. 3 vols. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2016. Pp. xcv + 2147. $240.
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  315. Grammar of Mandarin. By Jeroen Wiedenhof.Richard VanNess Simmons - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
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  316.  1
    Proofs of Prophecy and the Refutation of the Ismāʿīliyya: The Kitāb Ithbāt nubuwwat al-nabī by the Zaydī al-Muʾayyad bi-llāh al-Hārūnī (d. 411/1020). By Eva-Maria Lika. [REVIEW]Paul E. Walker - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
    Proofs of Prophecy and the Refutation of the Ismāʿīliyya: The Kitāb Ithbāt nubuwwat al-nabī by the Zaydī al-Muʾayyad bi-llāh al-Hārūnī. By Eva-Maria Lika. Worlds of Islam, vol. 9. Berlin: de Gruyter, 2018. Pp. vii + 177, 152. $149.99, €129.95, £106.99.
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  317.  8
    Indic-Vernacular Bitexts from Thailand: Bilingual Modes of Philology, Exegetics, Homiletics, and Poetry, 1450–1850.Trent Walker - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3):675.
    In the late first and early second millennia, mainland Southeast Asians created sophisticated techniques to accurately and efficiently render Pali into local vernaculars, including Burmese, Khmer, Khün, Lanna, Lao, Lü, Mon, and Siamese. These techniques for vernacular reading, parallel to approaches for reading Latin in medieval Europe and Literary Sinitic in Japan, Korea, and Vietnam, led to the development of bitexts that contained a mix of Pali and vernacular material. Such bitexts, arranged in both interlinear and interphrasal formats, gradually allowed (...)
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  318. Brahmayāmalatantra or Picumata, vol. 1: Chapters 1–2, 39–40, & 83: Revelation, Ritual, and Material Culture in an Early Śaiva Tantra. By Shaman Hatley. [REVIEW]David Gordon White - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3).
    The Brahmayāmalatantra or Picumata, vol. 1: Chapters 1–2, 39–40, & 83: Revelation, Ritual, and Material Culture in an Early Śaiva Tantra. By Shaman Hatley. Collection Indologie, vol. 133; Early Tantra Series, vol. 5. Pondicherry: institut français de pondiChéry/éCole française d’extrêMe-orient/asien-afrika-institut, universität haMburg, 2018. Pp. xiv + 695. Rs 1600.
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  319.  5
    Facts Matter: Language of the Earliest Alphabetic Inscriptions.Aren M. Wilson-Wright - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (3):705.
    Although D. Petrovich’s recent book The World’s Oldest Alphabet: Hebrew as the Language of the Proto-Consonantal Script advances several claims about the origin of the alphabet and biblical history, its main arguments are linguistic. In particular, Petrovich identifies the language of the early alphabetic inscriptions as Hebrew as part of a larger argument for the historicity of the biblical Exodus tradition. In this review essay, I will summarize and critique Petrovich’s linguistic arguments. Along the way, I will consider two important (...)
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  320. Raumkonzeptionen in antiken Religionen: Beiträge des internationalen Symposiums in Göttingen, 28. und 29. Juni 2012. Edited by Kianoosh Rezania. [REVIEW]Stefan Bojowald - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2).
    Raumkonzeptionen in antiken Religionen: Beiträge des internationalen Symposiums in Göttingen, 28. und 29. Juni 2012. Edited by Kianoosh Rezania. Philippika, vol. 69. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz verlaG, 2014. Pp. xi + 261. €58.
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  321. Paippalādasaṃhitā of the Atharvaveda: Kāṇḍas 6 and 7. A New Edition with Translation and Commentary. By Arlo Griffiths. [REVIEW]Joel P. Brereton - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2).
    The Paippalādasaṃhitā of the Atharvaveda: Kāṇḍas 6 and 7. A New Edition with Translation and Commentary. By Arlo Griffiths. Groningen Oriental Studies, vol. 22. Groningen: Egbert Forsten, 2009. Pp. lxxxvi + 540.
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  322. Shahnameh: The Persian Epic as World Literature. By Hamid Dabashi.David Damrosch - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2).
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  323. Sūkṣmāgama: Volume III, Chapters 54 to 85. Critical Edition. By S. Sambandhaśivācarya, B. Dagens, M.-L. Barazer-Billoret, and T. Ganesan with the collaboration of J.-M. Creisméas. [REVIEW]Richar H. Davis - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2).
    Sūkṣmāgama: Volume III, Chapters 54 to 85. Critical Edition. By S. Sambandhaśivācarya, B. Dagens, M.-L. Barazer-Billoret, and T. Ganesan with the collaboration of J.-M. Creisméas. Collection Indologie, vol. 114.3. Pondichéry: institut FranCçais de Pondichéry, 2018. Pp. cxcviii + 348.
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  324. About Antiquities: Politics of Archaeology in the Ottoman Empire. By Zeynep Çelik.Elif Denel - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2).
    About Antiquities: Politics of Archaeology in the Ottoman Empire. By Zeynep Çelik. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2016. Pp. xi + 268, illus. $27.95.
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  325. Jaina-Onomasticon. By Johannes Klatt. Edited by Peter Flügel and Kornelius Krümpelmann.Paul Dundas - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2).
    Jaina-Onomasticon. By Johannes Klatt. Edited by Peter Flügel and Kornelius Krümpelmann. Jaina Studies, vol. 1. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 2017. Pp. 1012. €178.
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  326.  1
    Qur’an: A Historical-Critical Introduction. By Nicolai Sinai.Mark Durie - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2).
    The Qur’an: A Historical-Critical Introduction. By Nicolai Sinai. The New Edinburgh Islamic Surveys. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2017. Pp. viii + 242. £90 ; £24.99.
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  327.  14
    The Greek Death of Imruʾ al-Qays.Teddy J. Fassberg - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2):415.
    It is commonly remarked, as a curiosity, that Imruʾ al-Qays’s traditional death resembles that of Heracles, but it has never been meaningfully discussed. This article undertakes to do so, arguing for the Greek provenance of his death tradition and discussing the implications of the Islamic construction of a Greek death for “the greatest Arab poet.” One implication involves his biography more generally, which is argued to have originally formed a different kind of narrative serving particular Islamic interests, later adapted to (...)
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  328.  1
    Coping with the Future: Theories and Practices of Divination in East Asia. Edited by Michael Lackner.Stephen L. Field - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2).
    Coping with the Future: Theories and Practices of Divination in East Asia. Edited by Michael Lackner. Sinica Leidensia, vol. 138. Leiden: Brill, 2017. Pp. xvi + 586. €149, $172.
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  329. Ambivalence of Denial: Danger and Appeal of Rituals. Edited by Ute Hüsken and Udo Simon.Finnian M. M. Gerety - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2).
    The Ambivalence of Denial: Danger and Appeal of Rituals. Edited by Ute Hüsken and Udo Simon. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2016. Pp. 315. €38.
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  330. Opposition to Philosophy in Safavid Iran: Mulla Muḥammad-Ṭāhir Qummī’s Ḥikmat al-ʿĀrifīn. Edited by Ata Anzali and S. M. Hadi Gerami. [REVIEW]Kioumars Ghereglou - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2).
    Opposition to Philosophy in Safavid Iran: Mulla Muḥammad-Ṭāhir Qummī’s Ḥikmat al-ʿĀrifīn. Edited by Ata Anzali and S. M. Hadi Gerami. Islamicate Intellectual History, vol. 3. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Pp. ix + 56 + 402, illus. $138, €119.
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  331. Southern Transjordan Edomite Plateau and the Dead Sea Rift Valley: The Bronze Age to the Islamic Period (3800/3700 BC–AD 1917). By Burton MacDonald. [REVIEW]David F. Graf - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2).
    The Southern Transjordan Edomite Plateau and the Dead Sea Rift Valley: The Bronze Age to the Islamic Period. By Burton MacDonald. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2015. Pp. ix + 118, 49 pls. $120.
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  332. Controversies in Formative Shi‘i Islam: The Ghulat Muslims and Their Beliefs. By Mushegh Asatryan.Edmund Hayes - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2).
    Controversies in Formative Shi‘i Islam: The Ghulat Muslims and Their Beliefs. By Mushegh Asatryan. Shi‘i Heritage Series, vol. 4. London: I.B. Tauris, in association with the Institute of Ismaili Studies, London, 2016. Pp. xviii + 206. $48.50, £29.50.
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  333.  1
    Anxiety over the Filial Body: Discussions on Xiao in Early Confucian Texts.Jianjun He - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2):301.
    This paper reexamines the concept of filial piety from a specific perspective, asking how filial piety is performed by and observed on the body. I argue that in pre-Qin and Han Confucian texts, there was a strong anxiety over the potential hypocrisies of filial deeds; that is, the fact that filial piety could be abused and transformed to become a mere show intended for gaining fame and reputation. Because of this, early commentators felt the need to create methods and criteria (...)
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  334. Muḥammad al-Tūnisī, In Darfur: An Account of the Sultanate and Its People. Edited and translated by Humphrey Davies.Lidwen Kapteijns - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2).
    Muḥammad al-Tūnisī, In Darfur: An Account of the Sultanate and Its People. Edited and translated by Humphrey Davies. Library of Arabic Literature. 2 vols. New York: New York University Press, 2018. Pp. lvi + 243, x + 317. $40 each.
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  335.  5
    Gilding Textiles and Printing Blocks in Tenth-Century Egypt.Anya H. King - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2):455.
    The surviving portion of the tenth-century Egyptian Muḥammad b. Aḥmad al-Tamīmī’s recently edited Ṭīb al-ʿarūs has several formulas relating to the dying and perfuming of textiles. Some refer to the use of carved molds to impress designs upon textiles. Tamīmī’s formulas treat in particular the application of gold leaf and perfumed dye pastes with blocks, but presuppose the technology of using blocks to apply designs to textiles and include a vocabulary of technical terms for the process. This textual evidence provides (...)
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  336.  6
    Viewing Proto-Dravidian from the Northeast.Masato Kobayashi - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2):467.
    Continuing Pfeiffer 1972, Pfeiffer 2018 examines inherited Dravidian etyma of Kurux, one of the most northerly Dravidian languages. After an overview of the book, we discuss problems involved in Pfeiffer’s arguments, methods, and materials. Then we try to narrow down the conditions of some of the sound changes Pfeiffer proposes, in conformity with the Neogrammarian hypothesis of regularity. We also point out that closer study of word-final phonology would answer some of the pending questions of Kurux-Malto morphology. Finally, we argue (...)
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  337. Cross Veneration in the Medieval Islamic World: Christian Identity and Practice under Muslim Rule. By Charles Tieszen.John C. Lamoreaux - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2).
    Cross Veneration in the Medieval Islamic World: Christian Identity and Practice under Muslim Rule. By Charles Tieszen. The Early and Medieval Islam World, vol. 1. London: I.B. Tauris, 2017. Pp. x + 229. $95.
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  338. Daily Life in Ancient China. By Poo Mu-chou.Michael Loewe - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2).
    Daily Life in Ancient China. By Poo Mu-chou. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018. Pp. xviii + 258. £71.99 ; £23.99.
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  339.  3
    The Nuzi Temple Texts: A Complete Edition of an Eccentric Corpus.M. P. Maidman - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2):483.
    Brigitte Lion and Diana Stein have, in The Tablets from the Temple Precinct at Nuzi, joined forces to edit the texts of the sixty-nine Nuzi texts found in temples and to publish and edit their 282 seal impressions. This masterful collaboration excels in many areas, including in-depth prosopographical analysis and thorough integration of the local seal practice into the orbit of textual analysis. This volume sets a standard of text edition and analysis that dwarfs the achievements of the students of (...)
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  340.  4
    The Image of the Dragon in RS 16.266 (= KTU 1–3 1.83): Ugaritic √ṯrp and Its Syriac, Jewish Babylonian Aramaic, and Mandaic Cognates. [REVIEW]Madadh Richey - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2):381.
    The fragmentary Ugaritic text RS 16.266 contains a number of lexical and other problems exacerbated by the state of the tablet and difficulties in defining the plot and characters involved in the text. One of these lexical issues involves the analysis of two verbs that appear to be from the root √trp. In the present paper, I survey previous hypotheses as to the etymology and semantics of this verb and contrast the deficiencies of these with the merits of identifying a (...)
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  341.  4
    An Interpretation of Two Personal Names in the Ninth Line of the Tonyukuk Inscription.Pavel Ryken & Nikolai Telitsin - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2):287.
    The paper deals with the etymology of the personal names Qunï Säŋün and Toŋra Simä appearing in the ninth line of the Old Turkic Tonyukuk inscription. These names are borne by the envoys sent by the kagan of the Tokuz Oghuz to the Chinese and Khitan, respectively, to conclude a military alliance against the Turks. Both names have the same structure, a combination of an ethnonym vs. toŋra), referring to a tribal unit within the Tiele 鐵勒 confederation, and a title (...)
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  342.  7
    Assyria and Babylon in the Oracles against the Nations Tradition: The Death of a King.Jo Ann Scurlock - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2):395.
    I attempt to make a fresh start on the subject of the interaction between the Isaiah prophets and Mesopotamian culture. The results will probably surprise and even alarm, since they threaten to overturn a great deal of previous scholarship and to gore a number of sacred cows. First is the idea that 1st Isaiah is either the work of the historical prophet or was composed, along with the rest of the Hebrew Bible, in the Persian or Hellenistic period. I have (...)
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  343. Critical Edition and an Annotated Translation of the Akanānūru (Part 1—Kaḷiṟṟiyāṉainirai), vol. I: Introduction, Invocation–50; vol. II: 51–120; vol. III: Old Commentary on Kaḷiṟṟiyāṉainirai KV–90; Word Index of Akanānūru KV–120. By Eva Wi. [REVIEW]Martha Ann Selby - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2).
    A Critical Edition and an Annotated Translation of the Akanānūru, vol. I: Introduction, Invocation–50; vol. II: 51–120; vol. III: Old Commentary on Kaḷiṟṟiyāṉainirai KV–90; Word Index of Akanānūru KV–120. By Eva Wilden. Collection Indologie, vol. 134.1–3. Critical Texts of Caṅkam Literature, vol. 4.1–3. NETamil Series, vol. 1.1–3. Pondichéry: École Française d’Extrême-Orient and Institut Français de Pondichéry, 2018. Pp. cl + 323, 324–787, 470.
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  344.  4
    Legal Maxims (qawāʿid fiqhiyya) in Yūsuf al-Qaraḍāwī’s Jurisprudence and Fatwas.Ron Shaham - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2):435.
    Subsequent to the crystallization of the legal schools, Muslim jurists felt the need to consolidate the massive corpus of legal opinion in order to aid students and practitioners of the law. The result was legal maxims, concise theoretical statements that captured the objectives of the Sharia. An example is al-ḍarar yuzāl, which is based on the hadith lā ḍarar wa-lā ḍirār. This article analyzes the role of legal maxims in Yūsuf al-Qaraḍāwī’s jurisprudence and fatwas, as found in his numerous books (...)
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  345. Tale of Two Stories: Customary Marriage and Paternity. A Discourse Analysis of a Scandal in Egypt. By Björn Bentlage.Ron Shaham - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2).
    A Tale of Two Stories: Customary Marriage and Paternity. A Discourse Analysis of a Scandal in Egypt. By Björn Bentlage. Islamkundliche Untersuchungen, vol. 333. Berlin: Klaus Schwarz, 2017. Pp. 337. €49.80.
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  346.  2
    Syntax of Hittite imma.Andrei Sideltsev - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2):361.
    Building upon Melchert 1985, I assess the syntax of Hittite imma with special attention to its second-position requirement.
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  347. Language Change in the Wake of Empire: Syriac in Its Greco-Roman Context. By Aaron Michael Butts.Christian Stadel - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2).
    Language Change in the Wake of Empire: Syriac in Its Greco-Roman Context. By Aaron Michael Butts. Linguistic Studies in Ancient West Semitic, vol. 11. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2016. Pp. xvii + 292. $59.50.
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  348.  7
    The Cultural Politics of Old Things in Mid-Tang China.Xiaofei Tian - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2):317.
    A cross-generic examination of the discursive representations of a changing rela- tionship to a specific subcategory of things that are observable in writings from early to medieval China, this essay suggests that these representations denote the appearance of a culture of sentimentality about old, worn-out things at the turn of the ninth century. This culture of sentimentality indicates a deep-seated anxiety about the blurred boundary, on a conceptual and ideological level, between humans and things, and bespeaks the complex dynamics in (...)
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  349. Der verstohlene Blick: Zur Metaphorik des Diebstahls in der arabischen Sprache und Literatur. By Manfred Ullmann.Geert Jan Van Gelder - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2).
    Der verstohlene Blick: Zur Metaphorik des Diebstahls in der arabischen Sprache und Literatur. By Manfred Ullmann. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2017. Pp. 292. €78.
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  350.  7
    Fakes, Delusions, or the Real Thing? Albert Grünwedel's Maps of Shambhala.Sam Van Schaik - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2):273.
    The explorer Albert Grünwedel’s Tibetan maps of Shambhala are a controversial and contested part of the history of the exploration of the Silk Routes. In the early 1900s Albert Grünwedel collected material related to archaeological sites at Kucha and Turfan including several Tibetan maps of the region, which he published in 1920 in the book Alt-Kutscha. Soon after publication, doubts were raised about the authenticity of the maps, which presented Kucha and Qocho in terms of the mythical realm of Shambhala, (...)
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  351. Shipped but Not Sold: Material Culture and the Social Protocols of Trade during Yemen’s Age of Coffee. By Nancy Um.Daniel M. Varisco - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2).
    Shipped but Not Sold: Material Culture and the Social Protocols of Trade during Yemen’s Age of Coffee. By Nancy Um. Perspectives on the Global Past. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2017. Pp. xiv + 198, illus. $64.
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  352. Traditional Yemeni Scholarship amidst Political Turmoil and War: Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. Ismāʿīl b. al-Muṭahhar al-Manṣūr (1915–2016) and His Personal Library. By Sabine Schmidtke. [REVIEW]Daniel M. Varisco - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2).
    Traditional Yemeni Scholarship amidst Political Turmoil and War: Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. Ismāʿīl b. al-Muṭahhar al-Manṣūr and His Personal Library. By Sabine Schmidtke. Series Islamo-Arabica, vol. 1. Cordoba: Cordoba University Press, 2018. Pp. 213 + 87, illus. €40.
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  353.  5
    Remembering the Past through Music: The Transmission of Chinese Qin Songs in Seventeenth- to Nineteenth-Century Japan.Zeyuan Wu - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2):345.
    In the late seventeenth century, a Chinese Buddhist priest named Donggao Xinyue 東皋心越 introduced a selection of qin 琴 songs to Japan. Over the following centuries, Japanese qin players continued to sing these songs in Chinese. This paper looks into this cross-cultural interaction from both Donggao’s and the Japanese perspectives, against the historical background of the Ming-Qing dynastic transition and the breakdown of the Sinocentric world order in East Asia. I argue that Donggao and Japanese literati understood the significance of (...)
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  354.  1
    Latin Translation of the Qurʾān (1518/1621): Commissioned by Egidio da Viterbo. Critical Edition and Case Study. By Katarzyna K. Starczewska. [REVIEW]Hamilton Alastair - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1).
    Latin Translation of the Qurʾān : Commissioned by Egidio da Viterbo. Critical Edition and Case Study. By Katarzyna K. Starczewska. Diskurse der Arabistik, vol. 24. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2018. Pp. cxxiv + 828, illus. €138.
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  355.  1
    L’Europe et les géographes arabes du Moyen Âge (IXe–XVe siècle): “La grande terre” et ses peuples. Conceptualisation d’un espace ethnique et politique. By Jean-Charles Ducène.Zayde Antrim - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1).
    L’Europe et les géographes arabes du Moyen Âge : “La grande terre” et ses peuples. Conceptualisation d’un espace ethnique et politique. By Jean-Charles Ducène. Paris: CNRS Éditions, 2018. Pp. 502. €27.
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  356.  1
    Droit musulman et société au Sahara prémoderne: La justice islamique dans les oasis du Grand Touat (Algérie) aux XVIIe–XIXe siècles. By Ismail Warscheid.Sami Bargaoui - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1).
    Droit musulman et société au Sahara prémoderne: La justice islamique dans les oasis du Grand Touat aux XVIIe–XIXe siècles. By Ismail Warscheid. Studies in the History and Society of the Maghrib, vol. 9. Leiden: Brill, 2017. Pp. xii + 303. $93, €80.
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  357.  1
    Das Balsamierungsritual: Eine (Neu-)Edition der Textkomposition Balsamierungsritual (pBoulaq 3, pLouvre 5158, pDurham 1983.11 + pSt. Petersburg 18128). By Susanne Töpfer. [REVIEW]Susanne Beck - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1).
    Das Balsamierungsritual: Eine Edition der Textkomposition Balsamierungsritual. By Susanne Töpfer. Studien zur spätägyptischen Religion, vol. 13. Wiesbaden: Harroswitz, 2015. Pp. xii + 440, 53 pls. €89.
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  358. Reconstruction of a Source of Ibn Isḥāq’s Life of the Prophet and Early Qurʾān Exegesis: A Study of Early Ibn ʿAbbās Traditions. By Harald Motzki.Herbert Berg - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1).
    Reconstruction of a Source of Ibn Isḥāq’s Life of the Prophet and Early Qurʾān Exegesis: A Study of Early Ibn ʿAbbās Traditions. By Harald Motzki. Islamic History and Thought, vol. 3. Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2017. Pp. v + 144. $58.
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  359.  4
    Giggers, Greeners, Peyserts, and Palliards: Rendering Slang in al-Bukhalāʾ of al-Jāḥiẓ.Kevin Blankinship - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1):17.
    Traditionally studied as a window onto Arab-Muslim social reality, the medieval Arabic underworld slang found in Kitāb al­-Bukhalāʾ by al-Jāḥiẓ and indeed al­-Bukhalāʾ as a whole serve a number of functions and meanings at once, not just historical documentation. Such multiplicity has implications for translation, which should strive to convey the work’s sociolinguistic and textual heterogeneity. With this ideal in mind, this article compares two English versions of the Arabic slang: R. B. Serjeant’s The Book of Misers and Jim Colville’s (...)
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  360. Roaming into the Beyond: Representations of Xian Immortality in Early Medieval Chinese Verse. By Zornica Kirkova.Thomas Wai Keung Chan - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1).
    Roaming into the Beyond: Representations of Xian Immortality in Early Medieval Chinese Verse. By Zornica Kirkova. Sinica Leidensia, vol. 129. Leiden: Brill, 2016. Pp. x + 420. €150, $125.
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  361.  2
    The Mastery of Miscellanea: Information Management and Knowledge Acquisition in the “Chu shuo” Chapters of the Hanfeizi.Heng Du - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1):115.
    The “Chu shuo” 儲說 chapters of the Hanfeizi 韓非 子, attributed to Han Fei 韓非, encompass an extensive collection of anecdotes. The jing 經 sections of these chapters are traditionally understood to be a set of “canonical” teachings, to be explicated by the anecdotes in the shuo 說 sections. Eschewing this assumption, my analysis substantiates an alternative hypothesis that sees many of the jing texts as later superimpositions intended to serve as paratexts to existing anecdotal collections. By interpreting the jing (...)
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  362.  2
    Calling in Sick during the Reign of Gongsun Shu.J. Michael Farmer - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1):81.
    Calling in sick to get out of work is a time-honored practice, and something of an art form in and of itself. Early and medieval Chinese texts are full of instances of individuals claiming illness to either excuse themselves from current positions, or to avoid appointments to office, a practice firmly situated in the rhetoric of reclusion. This paper focuses on several cases contained in Chang Qu’s 常璩 Huayang guo zhi 華陽國志 of men who made medical excuses to reject appointments (...)
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  363. Sinologists as Translators in the Seventeenth to Nineteenth Centuries. Edited by Lawrence Wangchi Wong and Bernhard Fuehrer.David B. Honey - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1).
    Sinologists as Translators in the Seventeenth to Nineteenth Centuries. Edited by Lawrence Wangchi Wong and Bernhard Fuehrer. Hong Kong: Research Centre for Translation, Chinese University Press, 2015. Pp. xx + 440. $52.
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  364. Roots of Hinduism: The Early Aryans and the Indus Civilization. By Asko Parpola.Stephanie W. Jamison - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1).
    The Roots of Hinduism: The Early Aryans and the Indus Civilization. By Asko Parpola. New York: Oxford University Press, 2015. Pp. xviii + 363. $105 ; $38.95.
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  365. Emergence of Early Sufi Piety and Sunnī Scholasticism: ʿAbdallāh b. al-Mubārak and the Formation of Sunnī Identity in the Second Islamic Century. By Feryal Salem.Nancy Khalek - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1):268.
    The Emergence of Early Sufi Piety and Sunnī Scholasticism: ʿAbdallāh b. al-Mubārak and the Formation of Sunnī Identity in the Second Islamic Century. By Feryal Salem. Islamic History and Civilization, vol. 125. Leiden: Brill, 2016. Pp. vii + 165. $120, €93.
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  366.  7
    The Murderer of Sennacherib, yet Again: The Case against Esarhaddon.Andrew Knapp - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1):165.
    Who was responsible for the murder of Sennacherib? This question fascinated Assyriologists for most of the twentieth century, until a new interpretation of an obscure, fragmentary letter convinced many that a disenfranchised elder son of Sennacherib, Urad-Mullissu, had hatched the conspiracy. Since the publication of this text in 1980 by Simo Parpola, near consensus has developed about these events. In this paper I reexamine the issue and revive the theory that Esarhaddon, Sennacherib’s son and successor, may have been behind the (...)
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  367.  2
    John Porter Brown, Early American Orientalist.Gary Leiser - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1):183.
    John Porter Brown was a diplomat who served at the American Legation in Constantinople from 1832 to 1872. This is a brief account of his diplomatic career and largely forgotten contribution to early American orientalism.
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  368.  1
    Dictionary of Medieval Judeo-Arabic in the India Book Letters from the Geniza and in Other Texts; and A Unique Hebrew Glossary from India: An Analysis of Judeo-Urdu.Philip I. Lieberman - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1).
    A Dictionary of Medieval Judeo-Arabic in the India Book Letters from the Geniza and in Other Texts. By Mordechai Akiva Friedman. Jerusalem: Ben-Zvi Institute, 2016. Pp. xxii + 1017. $37.A Unique Hebrew Glossary from India: An Analysis of Judeo-Urdu. By Aaron D. Rubin. Gorgias Handbooks. Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2016. Pp. xii + 134. $48.
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  369.  3
    Retrofitting a Vedic Origin for a Classical Hindu Goddess.Timothy Lubin - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1):37.
    Many Hindu deities as known from classical sources have a very slender profile in the Vedic texts, appearing in only a few passages and often represented in ways that seem peripheral to their full, classical personae. Ritualists and devotees steeped in that older literature took pains to connect those deities to Vedic mantras and rites, in order to validate them with the prestige of venerable orthodoxy as well as to provide a basis for Brahmin priestly roles in their worship. The (...)
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  370. Wandering Arameans: Arameans outside Syria: Textual and Archaeological Perspectives. Edited by Angelika Berlejung, Aren M. Maeir, and Andreas Schüle.Paolo Merlo - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1).
    Wandering Arameans: Arameans outside Syria: Textual and Archaeological Perspectives. Edited by Angelika Berlejung, Aren M. Maeir, and Andreas Schüle. Leipziger Altorientalistische Studien, vol. 5. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2017. Pp. x + 298, illus. €58.
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  371.  2
    A Controversial Provision for the Nominative Ending: Nominal Sentences and Aṣṭādhyāyī 2.3.46.Davide Mocci & Tiziana Pontillo - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1):47.
    The present joint contribution offers a tentative comprehensive re-interpretation of Pāṇini’s rule A 2.3.46, and shows how that rule teaches the application of the nominative ending without making use of the notion of “subject,” a notion that belongs to other grammatical systems, but not to Pāṇini’s. We discuss the controversial domain of some segments of its wording by attempting to adhere to Pāṇini’s framework and his usus scribendi. In particular, we read the first constituent of the compound prātipadikārtha­ liṅgaparimāṇavacana­ as (...)
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  372. Les Chants du monde: Le paysage sonore de l’ancienne Mésopotamie. By Anne-Caroline Rendu Loisel.A. Mouton - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1).
    Les Chants du monde: Le paysage sonore de l’ancienne Mésopotamie. By Anne-Caroline Rendu Loisel. Toulouse: Presses Universitaires du Midi, 2016. Pp. 276, illus. €24.
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  373. Household & Family Religion in Persian-Period Judah: An Archaeological Approach. By José E. Balcells Gallarreta.Beth Alpert Nakhai - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1).
    Household & Family Religion in Persian-Period Judah: An Archaeological Approach. By José E. Balcells Gallarreta. Ancient Near East Monographs, vol. 18. Atlanta: SBL Press, 2017. Pp. xiv + 192. $33.95.
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  374.  2
    Hindu Law and Society.John Nemec - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1):205.
    Hindu Law is the first comprehensive study of the Sanskrit-language literatures on dharma since the publication of P. V. Kane’s five-volume History of Dharmaśāstra. The present essay offers a detailed review of this significant new work’s contents and its contributions to the study of the Dharmaśāstras. Particular attention is paid to the various places where Hindu Law revises the historical record or furnishes new insight into religious and other practices, symbols, and social institutions defined by dharmaśāstric works. This essay concludes (...)
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  375. Sources of Evil: Studies in Mesopotamian Exorcistic Lore. Edited by Greta van Buylaere, Mikko Luukko, Daniel Schwemer, and Avigail Mertens-Wagschal.Scott Noegel - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1).
    Sources of Evil: Studies in Mesopotamian Exorcistic Lore. Edited by Greta van Buylaere, Mikko Luukko, Daniel Schwemer, and Avigail Mertens-Wagschal. Ancient Magic and Divination, vol. 15. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Pp. xiii + 382. $132.
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  376.  5
    The Linguistic Ideas of Joseph Edkins.Giorgio Orlandi - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1):95.
    This paper analyzes and evaluates the linguistic ideas of the British Protestant missionary Joseph Edkins, as well as the linguistic trends of his time, in order to recognize the merits and the achievements in the field of historical Chinese phonology. Furthermore, this paper seeks to demonstrate that many ideas about the sound system of Old Chinese were posited or at least presaged by Edkins in his philological works, where the earliest attempt to reconstruct the old language of the ancient Chinese (...)
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  377.  4
    Phoenicians in the Iberian Peninsula and the Matter of Tartessos.Gonzalo Rubio - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1):219.
    In Greek and Roman sources, Tartessos designates a geographical area and a legendary kingdom that flourished in the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula between the eighth and seventh centuries BCE. For decades, much research on pre-Roman Iberia has gravitated around the nature of Tartessos as an historical or mythical polity, its possible location, and the archaeological identification of Tartessic material culture. It seems now increasingly clear that what the Greeks called Tartessos was inextricably linked to the presence of Phoenician culture (...)
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  378.  6
    Beyond the Cairo Edition: On the Study of Early Quranic Codices.Nicolai Sinai - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1):189.
    This essay reviews two recent volumes containing editions of important early quranic codices. One of these is the so-called Sanaa Palimpsest, whose lower text at present remains our only known material witness to a recension of the quranic text that is different from the canonical one; the other is the Codex Amrensis. The essay devotes particular attention to the question of the textual relationship between the Quran’s standard text and that documented by the lower layer of the Sanaa Palimpsest, and (...)
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  379.  2
    Ruby in the Dust: Poetry and History in Padmāvat by the South Asian Sufi Poet Muḥammad Jāyasī. By Thomas de Bruijn.Ramya Sreenivasan - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1).
    Ruby in the Dust: Poetry and History in Padmāvat by the South Asian Sufi Poet Muḥammad Jāyasī. By Thomas de Bruijn. Leiden: Leiden University Press, 2012. Pp. 371. [American ed., 2013. Dist. by University of Chicago Press.].
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  380. L’aramaico antico: Storia, grammatica, testi commentati. By Frederick Mario Fales and Giulia Francesca Grassi.Christian Stadel - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1).
    L’aramaico antico: Storia, grammatica, testi commentati. By Frederick Mario Fales and Giulia Francesca Grassi. Udine: Forum, 2016. Pp. 315, illus. €35.
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  381. Patterns of Sin in the Hebrew Bible: Metaphor, Culture, and the Making of a Religious Concept. By Joseph Lam.Karel Van der Toorn - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1).
    Patterns of Sin in the Hebrew Bible: Metaphor, Culture, and the Making of a Religious Concept. By Joseph Lam. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016. Pp. xix + 308. $74.
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  382.  5
    New Approaches to Commentary Formation in Ancient Mesopotamia.Zachary Wainer - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1):143.
    Assyriologists who have studied Mesopotamian commentary formation have drawn upon ideas from scholars of religion in treating the creation of a static canon at the end of the second millennium bce as a necessary precondition for the emergence of cuneiform commentaries. The present contribution argues against the idea that Mesopotamian commentaries emerged in response to a closed canon by marshaling evidence from Mesopotamian divinatory compositions, including the celestial-divinatory series Enūma Anu Enlil and its associated aḫû, or “extraneous” tradition, as well (...)
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  383. Give and Take: Poverty and the Status Order in Early Modern Japan. By Maren A. Ehlers.Anne Walthall - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1).
    Give and Take: Poverty and the Status Order in Early Modern Japan. By Maren A. Ehlers. Harvard East Asian Monographs, vol. 413. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, 2018. Pp. xvi + 351. $49.95.
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  384. Violence and Personhood in Ancient Israel and Comparative Contexts. By T. M. Lemos.Ilona Zsolnay - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (1).
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  385.  7
    Half-human and Monstrous Races in Zoroastrian Tradition.Domenico Agostini - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4):805.
    Legends and stories about fabulous races that dwelt in India or in Africa circulated in Iran probably since the Achaemenid times. Unfortunately, scholarship on this topic has neglected some late Iranian and, especially, Zoroastrian sources, such as Draxt ī āsūrīg, the Bundahišn, the Ayādgār ī Jāmāspīg, and the New Persian epic Šāhnāme. This article examines the aforementioned sources and discusses their accounts of five fabulous races from an Iranian, and especially Zoroastrian, perspective and through a comparative approach to some similar (...)
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  386.  3
    Sībawayhi’s Principles: Arabic Grammar and Law in Early Islamic Thought. By Michael G. Carter.Mohamed Mohamed Yunis Ali - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4).
    Sībawayhi’s Principles: Arabic Grammar and Law in Early Islamic Thought. By Michael G. Carter. Research in Arabic and Islamic Studies, vol. 5. Atlanta: Lockwood, 2016. Pp. xi + 273. $49.95.
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  387.  1
    Morpho-Syntactic and Lexical Encoding of Tense and Aspect in Semitic: Proceedings of the Erlangen Workshop on April 16, 2014. Edited by Lutz Edzard. [REVIEW]Assaf Bar-Moshe - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4).
    The Morpho-Syntactic and Lexical Encoding of Tense and Aspect in Semitic: Proceedings of the Erlangen Workshop on April 16, 2014. Edited by Lutz Edzard. Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft, Abhandlungen für die Kunde des Morgenlandes, vol. 104. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2016. Pp. 242. €58.
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  388.  2
    Formen und Funktionen des Layouts in arabischen Manuskripten anhand von Abschriften religiöser Texte: Al-Būṣīrīs Burda, al-Ǧazūlīs Dalāʾil und die Šifāʾ von Qāḍī ʿIyāḍ. By Frederike-Wiebke Daub.Philip Bockholt - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4).
    Formen und Funktionen des Layouts in arabischen Manuskripten anhand von Abschriften religiöser Texte: Al-Būṣīrīs Burda, al-Ǧazūlīs Dalāʾil und die Šifāʾ von Qāḍī ʿIyāḍ. By Frederike-Wiebke Daub. Arabische Studien, vol. 12. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2016. Pp. ix + 229, illus. €68.
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  389. Tale of Genji: Translation, Canonization, and World Literature. By Michael Emmerich.Linda H. Chance - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4).
    The Tale of Genji: Translation, Canonization, and World Literature. By Michael Emmerich. New York: Columbia University Press, 2013. Pp. xv + 494. $95, $35.
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  390. My Sapphire-hued Lord, My Beloved! Kulacēkara Ā̱lvār’s Perumāl Tirumo̱li. By Suganya Ananda-Kichenin.Francis X. Clooney - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4).
    My Sapphire-hued Lord, My Beloved! Kulacēkara Ā̱lvār’s Perumāl Tirumo̱li. By Suganya Ananda-Kichenin. Collection Indologie, vol. 136. NETamil Series, vol. 2. Pondichéry: Ecole française d’extrême-Orient, 2018. Pp. xi + 604.
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  391. 10. Ägyptologische Tempeltagung: Ägyptische Tempel zwischen Normierung und Individualität. Edited by Martina Ullmann.Katherine Eaton - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4).
    10. Ägyptologische Tempeltagung: Ägyptische Tempel zwischen Normierung und Individualität. Edited by Martina Ullmann. Königtum, Staat und Gesellschaft Früher Hochkulturen, vol. 3.5. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2016. Pp. xiii + 194, illus. €48.
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  392. Alexander the Great and the East: History, Art, Tradition. Edited by Krzysztof Nawotka and Agnieszka WoJciechowska.Jennifer Finn - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4).
    Alexander the Great and the East: History, Art, Tradition. Edited by Krzysztof Nawotka and Agnieszka WoJciechowska. Philippika, vol. 103. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2016. Pp. 447. €88.
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  393.  1
    Islam and Its Past: Jahiliyya, Late Antiquity, and the Qurʾan. Edited by Carol Bakhos and Michael Cook.Valentina A. Grasso & Garth Fowden - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4).
    Islam and Its Past: Jahiliyya, Late Antiquity, and the Qurʾan. Edited by Carol Bakhos and Michael Cook. Oxford Studies in the Abrahamic Religions. Oxford: oxford University Press, 2017. Pp. ix + 267. $85, £65.
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  394.  3
    Two Themes in Maimonides’s Modifications to His Legal Works.Marc Herman - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4):907.
    The survival of the personal copy of Commentary on the Mishnah by Maimonides, which he revised throughout his life, provides an unparalleled window into the ways he continually reconsidered legal and conceptual questions. This manuscript covers five of the six orders of the Mishnah and contains countless corrections and emendations, the vast majority in the author’s own hand. This article argues that Maimonides’s intense interest in solving problems related to the enumeration of the commandments, which he addresses at length in (...)
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  395.  5
    From Singing Ghosts to Docile Concubines: Elite Domestication of the Local in the Wu Songs.Qiulei Hu - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4):843.
    This article examines the fascination of émigré elite literati with southern local songs known as the “Wu songs” in the early Southern dynasties. I argue that, through their cultivation of these songs, the émigré elite in the Eastern Jin and Liu-Song dynasties created an image of a “cultural other” and attempted to domesticate this other, experienced as southern, local, and feminine. A gender discourse—the ascription of femininity to the local—was employed as a crucial approach in this domestication. I also explore (...)
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  396. Yogācāra Buddhist Theory of Metaphor. By Roy Tzohar.C. W. Huntington - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4).
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  397. World of Image in Islamic Philosophy: Ibn Sīnā, Suhrawardī, Shahrazūrī, and Beyond. By L. W. C. van Lit.Jules Janssens - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4).
    The World of Image in Islamic Philosophy: Ibn Sīnā, Suhrawardī, Shahrazūrī, and Beyond. By L. W. C. van Lit. Edinburgh Studies in Islamic Apocalypticism and Eschatology, vol. 2. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2017. Pp. viii + 278. $110, £75.
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  398.  6
    Additions and Corrections to Wolf Leslau’s Comparative Dictionary of Ge‘ez.Leonid Kogan - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4):893.
    Thirty years after the appearance of Wolf Leslau’s Comparative Dictionary of Geʿez, the present study aims at correcting and updating some of the entries of this major tool of Semitic etymology. New data from Ugaritic, Akkadian, and especially Modern South Arabian are prominent among the additions.
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  399. Ägyptenrezeption im Mumienfilm: The Mummy 1932 und Remakes. By Yvonne Vosmann.Carter Lupton & Jonathan Elias - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4).
    Ägyptenrezeption im Mumienfilm: The Mummy 1932 und Remakes. By Yvonne Vosmann. Philippika, vol. 96. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2016. Pp. 144, illus. €34.
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  400. Surdas: Sur’s Ocean, Poems from the Early Tradition; and Into Sūr’s Ocean: Poetry, Context, and Commentary.Philip Lutgendorf - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4).
    Surdas: Sur’s Ocean, Poems from the Early Tradition. Edited by Kenneth E. Bryant; translated by John Stratton Hawley. Murty Classical Library of India, vol. 5; Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2015. Pp. xlviii + 1010. $35. Into Sūr’s Ocean: Poetry, Context, and Commentary. Translated with commentary by John Stratton Hawley. Harvard Oriental Series, vol. 83; Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2016. Pp. xvii + 1029. $95.
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  401. Chinese Writing and the Rise of the Vernacular in East Asia. By Peter Francis Kornicki.Young Kyun Oh - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4).
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  402.  3
    Fei Changfang’s Treatment of Sengyou’s Anonymous Texts.Michael Radich - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4):819.
    The catalogue entitled Lidai sanbao ji T2034, completed in 598, exerted a profound influence on the shape of the Chinese Buddhist canon. It also features a large number of new ascriptions for canonical texts. Subsequent tradition and modern scholarship have repeatedly found these ascriptions profoundly problematic. Scholarly opinion has been divided about whether the author, Fei Changfang, faithfully reported these suspect ascriptions from other sources, or was himself their originator. This study analyzes three highly suspect patterns in the treatment of (...)
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  403. Problems of Han Administration: Ancestral Rites, Weights and Measures, and the Means of Protest. By Michael Loewe.Charles Sanft - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4).
    Problems of Han Administration: Ancestral Rites, Weights and Measures, and the Means of Protest. By Michael Loewe. Leiden: Brill, 2016. Pp. xi + 326. €114, $137.
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  404. Literature and the Islamic Court: Cultural Life under al-Ṣāḥib Ibn ʿAbbād. By Erez Naaman.Jocelyn Sharlet - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4).
    Literature and the Islamic Court: Cultural Life under al-Ṣāḥib Ibn ʿAbbād. By Erez Naaman. Culture and Civilization in the Middle East, vol. 52. London: Routledge, 2016. Pp. xv + 315. $155, £115.
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  405.  3
    Jadal_ and _Qiyās in the Fifth/Eleventh Century: Two Debates between al-Juwaynī and al-Shīrāzī.Sohaira Siddiqui - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4):923.
    In an exchange preserved in al-Subkī’s Ṭabaqāt al-shāfiʿiyya, the jurists al-Juwaynī and al-Shīrāzī debate equating prayer time to prayer direction in regard to the validity of prayer, and the adult virgin to the adult nonvirgin in regard to consent. While the dispute between the two scholars is on seemingly innocuous legal issues, it reveals that despite adherence to the same Shāfiʿī legal school, the two hold contrasting positions on the specifics of analogical reasoning. By examining the differences in their doctrines (...)
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  406.  4
    Dōng 東 ‘East’ and the Chinese “Indian Circle”.Jonathan Smith - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4):953.
    The Chinese character ⟨東⟩, writing a word meaning ‘east’, is shown here to have arisen in connection with the use of the vertical gnomon in the determination of cardinal direction. The simple geometric procedure involved—by Al-Bīrūnī termed the “Indian Circle”—is attested across a number of other early cultural contexts, and has a Chinese history traceable from classical-era technical treatises such as the “Kǎogōng jì” 考工記 to sixth-century commentary to the mathematical text Shùshù jìyí 數術記遺. Evidence offered below constitutes the first (...)
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  407. Medinet Habu Records of the Foreign Wars of Ramesses III. By Donald Redford.Anthony Spalinger - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4).
    The Medinet Habu Records of the Foreign Wars of Ramesses III. By Donald Redford. Culture and History of the Ancient Near East, vol. 91. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Pp. xi + 197. $122.
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  408.  2
    The Absent Vedas.Will Sweetman - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4):781.
    The Vedas were first described by a European author in a text dating from the 1580s, which was subsequently copied by other authors and appeared in translation in most of the major European languages in the course of the seventeenth century. It was not, however, until the 1730s that copies of the Vedas were first obtained by Europeans, even though Jesuit missionaries had been collecting Indian religious texts since the 1540s. I argue that the delay owes as much to the (...)
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  409.  4
    The Susa Funerary Texts: A New Edition and Re-Evaluation and the Question of Psychostasia in Ancient Mesopotamia.Nathan Wasserman - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4):859.
    A group of seven short late Old Babylonian texts, written in Akkadian, found in the early twentieth century in a grave in Susa, form the focus of this paper. The texts, which have attracted much scholarly attention since their publication in 1916 by Jean-Vincent Scheil, have until now not been collated. They are presented here with improved readings, a new translation, and extensive commentary. The mention in two of the texts of an alleged chthonic “weigher” is philologically disproved: psychostasia, the (...)
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  410. Estudios de lingüística ugarítica: Una selección. By Gregorio del Olmo Lete.Aren Wilson-Wright - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4).
    Estudios de lingüística ugarítica: Una selección. By Gregorio del Olmo Lete. Aula Orientalis-Supplementa, vol. 30. Barcelona: Editorial Ausa, 2016. Pp. ii + 383.
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  411.  6
    Pharaoh and His Council: Great Minds Think Alike.Joseph Witztum - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (4):945.
    In two suras of the Quran a dialogue between Pharaoh and his council members is recorded after Moses performed miracles before them. The account in Q 7 is textually problematic, the version of Q 26 is smooth. After a brief survey of possible pre-Islamic precedents for the dialogue, this note explores the two nearly identical yet contradictory intraquranic parallels and the relationship between them, and surveys the harmonizing approaches of the classical exegetes as well as the critical attitudes of modern (...)
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  412.  1
    The Tears of Re: Beekeeping in Ancient Egypt. By Gene Kritsky.Niv Allon - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3).
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  413.  1
    Power, Politics, and Tradition in the Mongol Empire and the Īlkhānate of Iran. By Michael Hope.Reuven Amitai - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3).
    Power, Politics, and Tradition in the Mongol Empire and the Īlkhānate of Iran. By Michael Hope. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. Pp. x + 238. $90, £60.
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  414.  5
    Sargon in Samaria—Unusual Formulations in the Royal Inscriptions and Their Value for Historical Reconstruction.Shawn Zelig Aster - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3):591.
    How different were the claims of Assyrian royal inscriptions from actual Neo-Assyrian practice? This essay explores this question by examining two unusual claims made by Sargon II in relation to his rule of Samaria. The first claim, which appears both in the Khorsabad annals and in a Nimrud prism, should be translated “I again settled Samaria, more than previously.” Based on the historical reconstruction derived from archaeological data, I argue that this phrase refers to the movement of exiles into areas (...)
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  415.  1
    Divine Creatures: Animal Mummies in Ancient Egypt. Edited by Salima Ikram.Stephanie Atherton-Woolham - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3).
    Divine Creatures: Animal Mummies in Ancient Egypt. Edited by Salima Ikram. Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press, 2015. Pp. xxi + 274, illus. $24.95.
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  416. Wilhelm II.: Archäologie und Politik um 1900. Edited by Thorsten Beigel and Sabine Mangold-Will.Gary Beckman - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3).
    Wilhelm II.: Archäologie und Politik um 1900. Edited by Thorsten Beigel and Sabine Mangold-Will. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2017. Pp. 140, illus. €39.
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  417.  1
    Ibn Qutaybah. The Excellence of the Arabs. Edited by James E. Montgomery and Peter Webb, translated by Sarah Bowen Savant and Peter Webb. [REVIEW]Monique Bernards - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3).
    Ibn Qutaybah. The Excellence of the Arabs. Edited by James E. Montgomery and Peter Webb, translated by Sarah Bowen Savant and Peter Webb. Library of Arabic Literature. New York: New York University Press, 2017. Pp. xxxiii + 297. $40.
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  418.  8
    A Mongol Mahdi in Medieval Anatolia: Rebellion, Reform, and Divine Right in the Post-Mongol Islamic World.Jonathan Brack - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3):611.
    The roots of the formation of a post-Mongol political theology that situated Muslim emperors and sultans at the center of an Islamic cosmos are found in the Ilkhanid court in late thirteenth- and early fourteenth-century Iran. This article investigates the case of the short-lived rebellion of the Mongol governor of Rūm and Mahdi-claimant Temürtash. It demonstrates how the discourse of religious reform was recruited to translate and support the claims of non-Chinggisid commanders to the transfer of God’s favor, thus opposing (...)
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  419. The Mongols’ Middle East: Continuity and Transformation in Ilkhanid Iran. Edited by Bruno De Nicola and Charles Melville.Jonathan Brack - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3).
    The Mongols’ Middle East: Continuity and Transformation in Ilkhanid Iran. Edited by Bruno De Nicola and Charles Melville. Islamic History and Civilization, vol. 127. Leiden: Brill, 2016. Pp. xiii + 346. $149, €115.
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  420.  2
    The Tale of the Eagle: An Entertainment.Joel P. Brereton - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3):535.
    The Suparṇādhyāya or “The Tale of the Eagle” is a Sanskrit poem dating approximately to the latter part of the first millennium BCE. While the text itself does not become a significant part of the Sanskrit literary tradition, the story it tells does, though in forms preserved in other literature. This paper attempts to understand the purpose of the Suparṇādhyāya and the context for which it was composed. It argues that the text was originally created as an entertainment for young (...)
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  421. Scanning the Pharaohs: CT Imaging of the New Kingdom Royal Mummies. By Zahi Hawass and Sahar N. Saleem.Bob Brier - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3).
    Scanning the Pharaohs: CT Imaging of the New Kingdom Royal Mummies. By Zahi Hawass and Sahar N. Saleem. Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press, 2016. Pp. xviii + 318, illus. $59.95.
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  422. Helen of Troy: Beauty, Myth, Devastation. By Ruby Blondell.Stephanie Lynn Budin - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3):773.
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  423. Contribution to the History of the Wheeled Vehicle in India. By Jean Deloche.Michel Danino - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3).
    Contribution to the History of the Wheeled Vehicle in India. By Jean Deloche. Collection Indologie, vol. 126. Pondicherry: institut Français de Pondichéry and École Française d’Extrême-orient, 2014. Pp. xiii + 145; 31 figures; 36 plates.
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  424. Non-Textual Marking Systems in Ancient Egypt (and Elsewhere). Edited by Julia Budka; Frank Kammerzell; and Sławomir Rzepka.John Coleman Darnell - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3).
    Non-Textual Marking Systems in Ancient Egypt. Edited by Julia Budka; Frank Kammerzell; and Sławomir Rzepka. Lingua Aegyptia, Studia Monographica, vol. 16. Hamburg: Widmaier Verlag, 2015. Pp. x + 322, illus. €59.
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  425.  1
    “By the Power of the Perfection of Wisdom”:_ The “Sūtra-Rotation” Liturgy of the _Mahāprajñāpāramitā at Dunhuang.Yi Ding - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3):661.
    This paper focuses on the ritual context of the 200,000-line Chinese Great Perfection of Wisdom at Dunhuang. Beside the fact that the purpose of the mass production of sūtras was to generate merit and then present a “merit gift” for the sponsor, the copies were reused as ritual instruments in the large-scale chanting liturgy called “sūtra-rotation”. This paper examines the relevant administrative documents and liturgical texts to reconstruct the three modules of the liturgy, i.e., the preparation stage, the pronouncement of (...)
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  426. Mystics of al-Andalus: Ibn Barrajān and Islamic Thought in the Twelfth Century. By Yousef Casewit.Michael Ebstein - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3).
    The Mystics of al-Andalus: Ibn Barrajān and Islamic Thought in the Twelfth Century. By Yousef Casewit. Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017. Pp. xvi + 353. $100, £95.
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  427. Hittite Diplomatics: Studies in Ancient Document Format and Record Management. By WillemiJn J. I. Waal.Rita Francia - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3).
    Hittite Diplomatics: Studies in Ancient Document Format and Record Management. By WillemiJn J. I. Waal. Studien zu den Boğazköy-Texten, vol. 57. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2015. Pp. xxi + 620, illus. €98.
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  428. Eršema Prayers of the First Millennium BC. By Uri Gabbay.Alhena Gadotti - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3).
    The Eršema Prayers of the First Millennium BC. By Uri Gabbay. Heidelberger Emesal-Studien, vol. 2. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2015. Pp. xv + 375, 30 pls. €89.
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  429. Die mittelassyrischen Personen- und Rationlisten aus Tall Šēḫ Ḥamad/Dūr-Katlimmu. By Saqer Salah.Paul Gauthier - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3):774.
    Die mittelassyrischen Personen- und Rationlisten aus Tall Šēḫ Ḥamad/Dūr-Katlimmu. By Saqer Salah. Berichte der Ausgrabung Tall Šēḫ Ḥamad/Dūr- Katlimmu, vol. 18. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2014. Pp. lxxiv + 454, plates. €118.
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  430. Classical Chinese Poetry in Singapore: Witnesses to Social and Cultural Transformations in the Chinese Community. By Bing Wang.Meow Hui Goh - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3).
    Classical Chinese Poetry in Singapore: Witnesses to Social and Cultural Transformations in the Chinese Community. By Bing Wang. Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books, 2018. Pp. xii + 189. $90 ; $85.50.
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  431. The Nabataean Temple at Khirbet et-Tannur: Volume 1—Architecture and Religion. Final Report on Nelson Glueck’s 1937 Excavation; and The Nabataean Temple at Khirbet et-Tannur: Volume 2—Cultic Offerings, Vessels, and Other Specialist Reports. Final Report o. [REVIEW]David F. Graf - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3).
    The Nabataean Temple at Khirbet et-Tannur: Volume 1—Architecture and Religion. Final Report on Nelson Glueck’s 1937 Excavation. By Judith S. Mckenzie et al. Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research, vol. 67. Boston: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2013. Pp. xxvii + 340, illus. $89.95. [Distributed by ISD, Bristol, Conn.] The Nabataean Temple at Khirbet et-Tannur: Volume 2—Cultic Offerings, Vessels, and Other Specialist Reports. Final Report on Nelson Glueck’s 1937 Excavation. By Judith S. Mckenzie et al. Annual of the (...)
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  432. Cultural History of Aramaic: From the Beginnings to the Advent of Islam. By Holger Gzella.Ch G. Häberl - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3).
    A Cultural History of Aramaic: From the Beginnings to the Advent of Islam. By Holger Gzella. Handbuch der Orientalistik, vol. 111. Leiden: Brill, 2015. Pp. xv + 451. $363.
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  433.  5
    Good Days and Bad Days: Echoes of the Third-Century BCE Qin Conquest in Early Chinese Hemerology.Ethan Harkness - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3):545.
    This article presents an in-depth study of a constellation of interrelated texts trans- mitted in three Chinese rishu 日書 manuscripts dating from the third to first centuries BCE. All of the manuscripts have an archaeologically verified provenance in the central Yangtze River Valley region of the former Warring States kingdom of Chu, and taken together they reveal in unusual detail the effects, both intentional and possibly unintentional, of Qin assimilation policies after the transfer of authority beginning with the conquest of (...)
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  434. Western Han: A Yangzhou Storyteller’s Script. Edited by Vibeke Børdahl and Liangyan Ge.Robert E. Hegel - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (3).