Authors
Michel Bitbol
University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
Abstract
Six arguments against the view that conscious experience derives from a material basis are reviewed. These arguments arise from epistemology, phenomenology, neuropsychology, and philosophy of quantum mechanics. It turns out that any attempt at proving that conscious experience is ontologically secondary to material objects both fails and brings out its methodological and existential primacy. No alternative metaphysical view is espoused (not even a variety of Spinoza’s attractive double-aspect theory). Instead, an alternative stance, inspired from F. Varela’s neurophenomenology is advocated. This unfamiliar stance involves (i) a complete redefinition of the boundary between unquestioned assumptions and relevant questions ; (ii) a descent towards the common ground of the statements of phenomenology and objective natural science : a practice motivated by the quest of an expanding circle of intersubjective agreement.
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References found in this work BETA

What is Structural Realism?James Ladyman - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 29 (3):409-424.
Quantum Computation in Brain Microtubules.Stuart R. Hameroff - 2002 - Physical Review E 65 (6):1869--1896.

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Citations of this work BETA

The Validity of First-Person Descriptions as Authenticity and Coherence.Claire Petitmengin - 2009 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (10-12):10-12.
Downward Causation Without Foundations.Michel Bitbol - 2012 - Synthese 185 (2):233-255.
Heidegger's Quantum Ontology.François-Igor Pris - 2015 - International Conference in Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Consciousness. January 06-09, 2015. Bangalore, India:288-303.

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