Does dietary learning occur outside awareness?

Consciousness and Cognition 13 (3):453-470 (2004)

Several forms of dietary learning have been identified in humans. These include flavor–flavor learning, flavor–postingestive learning , and learned satiety. Generally, learning is thought to occur in the absence of contingency or demand awareness. However, a review of the literature suggests that this conclusion may be premature because measures of awareness lack the rigor that is found in studies of other kinds of human learning. If associations do configure outside awareness then this should be regarded as a rare instance of automatic learning. Conversely, if awareness is important, then successful learning may be governed by an individual’s beliefs and predilection to attend to stimulus relationships. For researchers of dietary learning this could be critical because it might explain why learning paradigms have a reputation for being unreliable. Since most food preferences are learned, asking questions about awareness can also tell us something fundamental about everyday dietary control
Keywords *Awareness  *Eating Behavior  *Learning  *Satisfaction  Conditioned Stimulus  Unconditioned Stimulus
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1016/j.concog.2004.05.004
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 47,201
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Characteristics of Dissociable Human Learning Systems.David R. Shanks & Mark F. St John - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):367-395.
Implicit Learning of Artificial Grammars.Arthur S. Reber - 1967 - Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 6:855-863.
Principles for Implicit Learning.Axel Cleeremans - 1997 - In Dianne C. Berry (ed.), How Implicit is Implicit Learning? Oxford University Press.

View all 15 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Phenomenal and Access Consciousness in Olfaction.Richard J. Stevenson - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (4):1004-1017.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Role of Awareness in Delay and Trace Fear Conditioning in Humans.David C. Knight, Hanh T. Nguyen & Peter A. Bandettini - 2006 - Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience 6 (2):157-162.


Added to PP index

Total views
13 ( #661,703 of 2,289,680 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #839,123 of 2,289,680 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes

Sign in to use this feature