Synthese 166 (3):453 - 477 (2008)
The paper proposes a process-based model for an ontology that encompasses the emergence of process systems generated by increasingly complex levels of organization. Starting with a division of processes into those that are persistent and those that are fleeting, the model builds through a series of exclusive and exhaustive disjunctions. The crucial distinction is between those persistent and cohesive systems that are energy wells, and those that are far-from-equilibrium. The latter are necessarily open; they can persist only by interaction with their environments. Further distinctions, developed by means of the notions of self-maintenance and error detection, lead to the identification of complex biological organisms that are flexible learners, some of which are self-conscious and form themselves into social institutions. This model provides a non-reductive model for understanding human beings as both embodied and yet emergent. In particular, it provides a way of characterizing action as ‘metaphysically deep’, not an ontological embarrassment within an otherwise physicalist world.
|Keywords||Ontology Process metaphysics Physicalism Emergence Self-maintenance|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
From Metaphysics to Ethics: A Defence of Conceptual Analysis.Frank Jackson - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
The Process Dynamics of Normative Function.Wayne David Christensen & Mark H. Bickhard - 2002 - The Monist 85 (1):3-28.
The Logical Form of Action Sentences.Donald Davidson - 1967 - In Nicholas Rescher (ed.), The Logic of Decision and Action. University of Pittsburgh Press.
An Interactivist-Constructivist Approach to Intelligence: Self-Directed Anticipative Learning.W. D. Christensen & C. A. Hooker - 2000 - Philosophical Psychology 13 (1):5 – 45.
Citations of this work BETA
Physicalism, Emergence and Downward Causation.Richard Campbell & Mark H. Bickhard - 2011 - Axiomathes 21 (1):33-56.
Bio-Agency and the Problem of Action.J. C. Skewes & C. A. Hooker - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (3):283 - 300.
Some Consequences (and Enablings) of Process Metaphysics.Mark Bickhard - 2011 - Axiomathes 21 (1):3-32.
Toward a Model of Functional Brain Processes I: Central Nervous System Functional Micro-Architecture.Mark H. Bickhard - 2015 - Axiomathes 25 (3):217-238.
Mind Stuffed with Red Herrings: Why William James’ Critique of the Mind-Stuff Theory Does Not Substantiate a Combination Problem for Panpsychism. [REVIEW]Itay Shani - 2010 - Acta Analytica 25 (4):413-434.
Similar books and articles
Consciousness and Reflective Consciousness.Mark H. Bickhard - 2005 - Philosophical Psychology 18 (2):205-218.
Process Complexity: Towards a Theory of Intent-Oriented Process Design.Ammar Qusaibaty, Newton Howard & Colette Rolland - unknown
Model-Based Reasoning in Distributed Cognitive Systems.Nancy J. Nersessian - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (5):699-709.
A Dynamic Context Model of Interactive Behavior.Wai-Tat Fu - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (5):874-904.
Scientific Theories of Computational Systems in Model Checking.Nicola Angius & Guglielmo Tamburrini - 2011 - Minds and Machines 21 (2):323-336.
A Dual Process Model for Cultural Differences in Thought.Hiroshi Yama, Miwa Nishioka, Tomoko Horishita, Yayoi Kawasaki & Junichi Taniguchi - 2007 - Mind and Society 6 (2):143-172.
The Process Specification Language: Theory and Applications.Michael Grüninger & Christopher Menzel - 2003 - AI Magazine 24 (3):63-74.
Motivation and Emotion: An Interactive Process Model.Mark H. Bickhard - 2000 - In Ralph D. Ellis & Natika Newton (eds.), The Caldron of Consciousness: Motivation, Affect and Self-Organization. John Benjamins. pp. 161.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads70 ( #74,907 of 2,168,156 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #49,913 of 2,168,156 )
How can I increase my downloads?