Foundations of Science 18 (4):781-790 (2013)

Abstract
Reductionism has dominated science and philosophy for centuries. Complexity has recently shown that interactions—which reductionism neglects—are relevant for understanding phenomena. When interactions are considered, reductionism becomes limited in several aspects. In this paper, I argue that interactions imply nonreductionism, non-materialism, non-predictability, non-Platonism, and non-Nihilism. As alternatives to each of these, holism, informism, adaptation, contextuality, and meaningfulness are put forward, respectively. A worldview that includes interactions not only describes better our world, but can help to solve many open scientific, philosophical, and social problems caused by implications of reductionism
Keywords Complexity  Interactions  Reductionism  Worldview
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s10699-012-9305-8
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 59,968
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Complexity: A Guided Tour.Melanie Mitchell - 2009 - Oxford University Press.

View all 10 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Oversimplification in Philosophy.Randall S. Firestone - 2019 - Open Journal of Philosophy 9 (3):396-427.
When Slower is Faster.Carlos Gershenson & Dirk Helbing - 2016 - Complexity 21 (2):9-15.

View all 6 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Correlated Interaction and Group Selection.Bruce Glymour - 2008 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (4):835-855.
Embodied Cognitive Science and its Implications for Psychopathology.Zoe Drayson - 2009 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (4):329-340.
Science and Nonbelief.Taner Edis - 2006 - Greenwood Press.
Science and the Problem of Psi.Kenneth L. Shewmaker & Carlton W. Berenda - 1962 - Philosophy of Science 29 (2):195-203.
Interactions and the Consistency of Black Hole Complementarity.Peter Bokulich - 2011 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (4):371-386.
Explaining Scientific Change: Integrating the Cognitive and the Social.Paul Thagard - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:298 - 303.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2012-10-18

Total views
25 ( #426,647 of 2,433,358 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #468,801 of 2,433,358 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes