Foundations of Science 18 (4):781-790 (2013)

Abstract
Reductionism has dominated science and philosophy for centuries. Complexity has recently shown that interactions—which reductionism neglects—are relevant for understanding phenomena. When interactions are considered, reductionism becomes limited in several aspects. In this paper, I argue that interactions imply nonreductionism, non-materialism, non-predictability, non-Platonism, and non-Nihilism. As alternatives to each of these, holism, informism, adaptation, contextuality, and meaningfulness are put forward, respectively. A worldview that includes interactions not only describes better our world, but can help to solve many open scientific, philosophical, and social problems caused by implications of reductionism
Keywords Complexity  Interactions  Reductionism  Worldview
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DOI 10.1007/s10699-012-9305-8
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References found in this work BETA

Complexity: A Guided Tour.Melanie Mitchell - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
A New Kind of Science.Stephen Wolfram - 2002 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 10 (1):112-114.

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Citations of this work BETA

Oversimplification in Philosophy.Randall S. Firestone - 2019 - Open Journal of Philosophy 9 (3):396-427.
When Slower is Faster.Carlos Gershenson & Dirk Helbing - 2016 - Complexity 21 (2):9-15.

View all 6 citations / Add more citations

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