Inclusive fitness and the sociobiology of the genome

Biology and Philosophy 29 (4):477-515 (2014)
Abstract
Inclusive fitness theory provides conditions for the evolutionary success of a gene. These conditions ensure that the gene is selfish in the sense of Dawkins (The selfish gene, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1976): genes do not and cannot sacrifice their own fitness on behalf of the reproductive population. Therefore, while natural selection explains the appearance of design in the living world (Dawkins in The blind watchmaker: why the evidence of evolution reveals a universe without design, W. W. Norton, New York, 1996), inclusive fitness theory does not explain how. Indeed, Hamilton’s rule is equally compatible with the evolutionary success of prosocial altruistic genes and antisocial predatory genes, whereas only the former, which account for the appearance of design, predominate in successful organisms. Inclusive fitness theory, however, permits a formulation of the central problem of sociobiology in a particularly poignant form: how do interactions among loci induce utterly selfish genes to collaborate, or to predispose their carriers to collaborate, in promoting the fitness of their carriers? Inclusive fitness theory, because it abstracts from synergistic interactions among loci, does not answer this question. Fitness-enhancing collaboration among loci in the genome of a reproductive population requires suppressing alleles that decrease, and promoting alleles that increase the fitness of its carriers. Suppression and promotion are effected by regulatory networks of genes, each of which is itself utterly selfish. This implies that genes, and a fortiori individuals in a social species, do not maximize inclusive fitness but rather interact strategically in complex ways. It is the task of sociobiology to model these complex interactions
Keywords Inclusive fitness  Hamilton’s rule  Sociobiology
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s10539-013-9404-0
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 33,225
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Major Transitions in Evolution.John Maynard Smith & Eors Szathmary - 1996 - Journal of the History of Biology 29 (1):151-152.
Complexity: A Guided Tour.Melanie Mitchell - 2009 - Oxford University Press.

View all 10 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

A Framework for Modeling Human Evolution.Herbert Gintis - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Formal Darwinism.Sahotra Sarkar - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (2):249-257.
Can Fitness Differences Be a Cause of Evolution?Grant Ramsey - 2013 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 5 (20130604).
Social Revolution. [REVIEW]Birch Jonathan - 2012 - Biology and Philosophy 27 (4):571-581.
Collective Action in the Fraternal Transitions.Jonathan Birch - 2012 - Biology and Philosophy 27 (3):363-380.
The Confusions of Fitness.André Ariew & R. C. Lewontin - 2004 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (2):347-363.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2013-12-01

Total downloads
15 ( #366,311 of 2,242,649 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #410,510 of 2,242,649 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature