Learning as Differentiation of Experiential Schemas

In Jim Parry & Pete Allison (eds.), Experiential Learning and Outdoor Education: Traditions of practice and philosophical perspectives. London: Routledge. pp. 52-70 (2019)
  Copy   BIBTEX


The goal of this chapter is to provide an interpretation of experiential learning that fully detaches itself from the epistemological presuppositions of empiricist and intellectualist accounts of learning. I first introduce the concept of schema as understood by Kant and I explain how it is related to the problems implied by the empiricist and intellectualist frameworks. I then interpret David Kolb’s theory of learning that is based on the concept of learning cycle and represents an attempt to overcome the corresponding drawbacks of these frameworks. I show that Kolb’s theory fails to achieve its goal because it is rooted in some of the fundamental epistemological presuppositions of these frameworks. Subsequently, I present a group of works from phenomenology, in particular Merleau-Ponty’s, in order to show that Kolb’s attempt is insufficient due to a lack of understanding of the problem expressed by Kant via the concept of schema. Finally, I outline an interpretation of experiential learning as differentiation of experiential schemas and explain how it meets the epistemological challenges outlined above.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 74,594

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

David Kolb's Experiential Learning Machine.Richard Hopkins - 1993 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 24 (1):46-62.
Experiential Learning Within and Without Philosophy.Andrew M. Winters - 2018 - American Association of Philosophy Teachers Studies in Pedagogy 4:1-14.
Kantian Themes in Merleau-Ponty’s Theory of Perception.Samantha Matherne - 2016 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 98 (2):193-230.
Embedding Teaching Critical Thinking Skills in a Philosophy Course.Julie Loveland Swanstrom - 2018 - American Association of Philosophy Teachers Studies in Pedagogy 4:78-99.
Virtual Reality as Experiential Learning.Daniel Collette - 2019 - Teaching Philosophy 42 (1):29-39.
Engaging Global Justice Through Internships.Ericka Tucker - 2014 - In Ramona Ilea & Julinna Oxley (eds.), Experiential Learning In Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 161-168.


Added to PP

21 (#537,099)

6 months
1 (#418,924)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Jan Halák
Palacky University

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references