Social Philosophy and Policy 4 (2):37-54 (1987)

Etymology might encourage us to begin a discussion of Aristotle on philanthropy with a discussion of philanthropia ; and it is instructive to see why this is not quite the right place to look. The Greek term initially refers to a generalized attitude of kindness and consideration for a human being. The gods accuse Prometheus of being a ‘human-lover’, intending the term in an unfavorable sense, when he confers on human beings the benefits that should have been confined to the gods. Aristotle uses the abstract noun only once, to refer to sympathetic fellow-feeling ; and he mentions our feeling of kinship with other human beings to explain our approval of the philanthropos person. Philanthropia is the attitude of a kind and considerate person, even if she lacks material resources, and it can be displayed without the transfer of material resources.
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DOI 10.1017/S0265052500000534
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Shame, Separateness, and Political Unity: Aristotle's Criticism of Plato.Martha C. Nussbaum - 1980 - In Amélie Oksenberg Rorty (ed.), Essays on Aristotle's Ethics. University of California Press. pp. 395--435.

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Politics and Generosity.Tibor R. Machan - 1990 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 7 (1):61-73.

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