Authors
Garson Leder
Albany Medical College
Abstract
Psychotherapy is effective. Since the 1970’s, meta-analyses, and meta-analyses of meta-analyses, have consistently shown a significant effect size for psychotherapeutic interventions when compared to no treatment or placebo treatments. This effectiveness is normally taken as a sign of the scientific legitimization of clinical psychotherapy. A significant problem, however, is that most psychotherapies appear to be equally effective. This poses a problem for specific psychotherapies: they may work, but likely not for the reasons that ground their theoretical explanations for their effectiveness. A prominent explanation for the findings of common efficacy in psychotherapy is to postulate that all successful therapies work by altering maladaptive meanings and providing patients with new, more adaptive meanings. This paper argues that the ‘meaning view’ of psychological change is likely mistaken; psychological problems are not normally problems of meaning nor are they directly ameliorated by changes in meaning. This paper then outlines a skill-based explanation for the findings of the common efficacy of psychotherapy.
Keywords Psychotherapy  Common Factors  Dodo Bird Verdict
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1353/ppp.2019.0027
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Material Beings.Peter Van Inwagen - 1990 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Why I Am Not a Cognitive Psychologist.B. F. Skinner - 1977 - Behavior and Philosophy 5 (2):1.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

From Medicine to Psychotherapy: The Placebo Effect.Stewart Justman - 2011 - History of the Human Sciences 24 (1):95-107.
An Introduction to the Psychotherapies.Sidney Bloch (ed.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press UK.
Prescribing Psychotherapy.Margaret S. Chisolm - 2011 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 54 (2):168-175.
Is the Current Practice of Psychotherapy Morally Permissible?Jason A. Beyer - 2001 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 15 (1):85-105.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2019-09-11

Total views
92 ( #113,531 of 2,438,567 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
23 ( #31,856 of 2,438,567 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes