Economics and Philosophy 32 (2):323-352 (2016)

Juries, committees and experts panels commonly appraise things of one kind or another on the basis of grades awarded by several people. When everybody's grading thresholds are known to be the same, the results sometimes can be counted on to reflect the graders’ opinion. Otherwise, they often cannot. Under certain conditions, Arrow's ‘impossibility’ theorem entails that judgements reached by aggregating grades do not reliably track any collective sense of better and worse at all. These claims are made by adapting the Arrow–Sen framework for social choice to study grading in groups.
Keywords Grading  Context  Social Choice  Arrow's theorem  Normative Diversity
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The Possibility of Parity.Ruth Chang - 2002 - Ethics 112 (4):659-688.
Social Choice Theory.Christian List - 2013 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Parity, Comparability, and Choice.Chrisoula Andreou - 2015 - Journal of Philosophy 112 (1):5-22.

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Voting Methods.Eric Pacuit - 2019 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

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