Journal of Medical Ethics (11):doi:10.1136/medethics-2013-10169 (2013)

Some commentators indirectly challenge the ethics of using synthetic gametes as a way for same-sex couples to have children with shared genetics. These commentators typically impose a moral burden of proof on same-sex couples they do not impose on opposite-sex couples in terms of their eligibility to have children. Other commentators directly raise objections to parenthood by same-sex couples on the grounds that it compromises the rights and/or welfare of children. Ironically, the prospect of synthetic gametes neutralises certain of these objections, insofar as they would ensure that children have parents whom they can know as their genetic parents, which outcome is not always possible when same-sex couples involve third parties as the source of gametes or embryos. Not all commentators in bioethics throw the use of synthetic gametes into doubt as far as same-sex couples are concerned, but even these commentators put parenting by gay men and lesbians at the conclusion of an argument rather than presupposing parental legitimacy from the outset. Synthetic gametes do raise questions of ethics in regard to parenthood for gay men and lesbians, but these are largely questions of access and equity, not questions of parental fitness and/or child welfare
Keywords assisted reproduction  synthetic gametes  ethics  gay  lesbian
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DOI 10.1136/medethics-2013-101699
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References found in this work BETA

On the Distinction Between Disease and Illness.Christopher Boorse - 1975 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 5 (1):49-68.
Family History.J. David Velleman - 2005 - Philosophical Papers 34 (3):357-378.
Ethics and Synthetic Gametes.Giuseppe Testa & John Harris - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (2):146-166.
Artificial Gametes: New Paths to Parenthood?A. J. Newson - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (3):184-186.

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Citations of this work BETA

Pathways to Genetic Parenthood for Same-Sex Couples.Timothy F. Murphy - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (12):823-824.

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