26 found
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  1.  40
    On the Right to Know and The Use of Double Standards: Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “The Right to Know Your Genetic Parents: From Open Identity Gamete Donation to Routine Paternity Testing”.An Ravelingien & Guido Pennings - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (5):33-41.
    Over the years a number of countries have abolished anonymous gamete donation and shifted toward open-identity policies. Donor-conceived children are said to have a fundamental ?right to know? the identity of their donor. In this article, we trace the arguments that underlie this claim and question its implications. We argue that, given the status attributed to the right to know one's gamete donor, it would be discriminatory not to extend this right to naturally conceived children with misattributed paternity. One way (...)
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  2.  12
    In Vitro Gametogenesis and the Creation of ‘Designer Babies’.Seppe Segers, Guido Pennings, Wybo Dondorp, Guido de Wert & Heidi Mertes - 2019 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 28 (3):499-508.
    :Research into the development of stem cell-derived gametes in humans, otherwise known as in vitro gametogenesis, is largely motivated by reproductive aims. Especially, the goal of establishing genetic parenthood by means of SCD-gametes is considered an important aim. However, like other applications in the field of assisted reproduction, this technology evokes worries about the possibility of creating so-called ‘designer babies.’ In this paper, we investigate various ways in which SCD-gametes could be used to create such preference-matched offspring, and what this (...)
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  3.  8
    Using Stem Cell-Derived Gametes for Same-Sex Reproduction: An Alternative Scenario.Seppe Segers, Heidi Mertes, Guido Pennings, Guido de Wert & Wybo Dondorp - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (10):688-691.
    It has been suggested that future application of stem-cell derived gametes might lead to the possibility for same-sex couples to have genetically related children. Still, for this to become possible, the technique of gamete derivation and techniques of reprogramming somatic cells to a pluripotent state would have to be perfected. Moreover, egg cells would have to be derived from male cells and sperm cells from female cells, which is believed to be particularly difficult, if not impossible. We suggest a more (...)
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  4.  15
    Getting What You Desire: The Normative Significance of Genetic Relatedness in Parent–Child Relationships.Seppe Segers, Guido Pennings & Heidi Mertes - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (3):487-495.
    People who are involuntarily childless need to use assisted reproductive technologies if they want to have a genetically related child. Yet, from an ethical point of view it is unclear to what extent assistance to satisfy this specific desire should be warranted. We first show that the subjectively felt harm due to the inability to satisfy this reproductive desire does not in itself entail the normative conclusion that it has to be met. In response, we evaluate the alternative view according (...)
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  5.  64
    Embryonic Stem Cell–Derived Gametes and Genetic Parenthood: A Problematic Relationship.Heidi Mertes & Guido Pennings - 2008 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (1):7-14.
    The recent success in generating live offspring from embryonic stem cell –derived gametes in mice sparked visions of growing tailor-made sperm for men faced with infertility. However, although this development will almost certainly lead to new insights into the processes underlying spermatogenesis and thus in the possible causes of male infertility, it is less certain if deriving sperm from ES cells, which are in turn derived from a sterile man, can make someone a genetic parent. As the gap between newly (...)
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  6.  17
    Having a Child Together in Lesbian Families: Combining Gestation and Genetics.Guido Pennings - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (4):253-255.
  7.  39
    Governing the Postmortem Procurement of Human Body Material for Research.Kristof Van Assche, Laura Capitaine, Guido Pennings & Sigrid Sterckx - 2015 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 25 (1):67-88.
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  8.  12
    In Vitro Gametogenesis and Reproductive Cloning: Can We Allow One While Banning the Other?Seppe Segers, Guido Pennings, Wybo Dondorp, Guido de Wert & Heidi Mertes - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (1):68-75.
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  9.  35
    Open-Identity Sperm Donation: How Does Offering Donor-Identifying Information Relate to Donor-Conceived Offspring’s Wishes and Needs?An Ravelingien, Veerle Provoost & Guido Pennings - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (3):503-509.
    Over the past years, a growing number of countries have legislated open-identity donation, in which donor-conceived offspring are given access to the donor’s identity once the child has reached maturity. It is held that donor anonymity creates identity problems for such children similar to the “genealogical bewilderment” described within the adoption context. The study of the social and psychological effects of open-identity donation is still very much in its infancy, but what has been left unquestioned is whether offering access to (...)
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  10.  12
    Donor Conception Disclosure: Directive or Non-Directive Counselling?Inez Raes, An Ravelingien & Guido Pennings - 2016 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 13 (3):369-379.
    It is widely agreed among health professionals that couples using donor insemination should be offered counselling on the topic of donor conception disclosure. However, it is clear from the literature that there has long been a lack of agreement about which counselling approach should be used in this case: a directive or a non-directive approach. In this paper we investigate which approach is ethically justifiable by balancing the two underlying principles of autonomy and beneficence. To overrule one principle in favour (...)
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  11.  40
    The Force of Dissimilar Analogies in Bioethics.Heidi Mertes & Guido Pennings - 2011 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (2):117-128.
    Although analogical reasoning has long been a popular method of reasoning in bioethics, current literature does not sufficiently grasp its variety. We assert that the main shortcoming is the fact that an analogy's value is often judged on the extent of similarity between the source situation and the target situation, while in (bio)ethics, analogies are often used because of certain dissimilarities rather than in spite of them. We make a clear distinction between dissimilarities that aim to reinforce a similar approach (...)
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  12.  8
    Modification of the Embryo's Genome: More Useful in Research Than in the Clinic.Heidi Mertes & Guido Pennings - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (12):52-53.
  13.  24
    May the Blessed Man Win: A Critique of the Categorical Preference for Natural Talent Over Doping as Proper Origins of Athletic Ability.Pieter Bonte, Sigrid Sterckx & Guido Pennings - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (4):368-386.
    Doping scandals can reveal unresolved tensions between the meritocratic values of equal opportunity + reward for effort and the “talentocratic” love of hereditary privilege. Whence this special reverence for talent? We analyze the following arguments: (1) talent is a unique indicator of greater potential, whereas doping enables only temporary boosts (the fluke critique); (2) developing a talent is an authentic endeavor of “becoming who you are,” whereas reforming the fundamentals of your birth suit via artifice is an act of alienation (...)
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  14.  3
    The Ethics of Ectogenesis‐Aided Foetal Treatment.Seppe Segers, Guido Pennings & Heidi Mertes - forthcoming - Bioethics.
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  15. Lifespan Extension and the Doctrine of Double Effect.Laura Capitaine, Katrien Devolder & Guido Pennings - 2013 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (3):207-226.
    Recent developments in biogerontology—the study of the biology of ageing—suggest that it may eventually be possible to intervene in the human ageing process. This, in turn, offers the prospect of significantly postponing the onset of age-related diseases. The biogerontological project, however, has met with strong resistance, especially by deontologists. They consider the act of intervening in the ageing process impermissible on the grounds that it would (most probably) bring about an extended maximum lifespan—a state of affairs that they deem intrinsically (...)
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  16.  32
    Directed Organ Donation: Discrimination or Autonomy?Guido Pennings - 2007 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (1):41–49.
  17.  5
    Central Role of Alturism in the Recruitment of Gamete Donors.Guido Pennings - 2015 - Monash Bioethics Review 33 (1):78-88.
    This paper explores problems associated with using altruism as the central value in gamete donation, and in doing so draws on empirical data that sheds light on why gamete donors choose to donate. Donation of bodily material is, arguably, supposed to be motivated by altruism, and this is the view taken by many European governments. Other values are often ignored or rejected as morally inappropriate. This paper analyses some conceptual and practical problems with the use of altruism as the motivation (...)
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  18.  14
    Ethical Aspects of the Use of Stem Cell Derived Gametes for Reproduction.Heidi Mertes & Guido Pennings - 2010 - Health Care Analysis 18 (3):267-278.
    A lot of interest has been generated by the possibility of deriving gametes from embryonic stem cells and bone marrow stem cells. These stem cell derived gametes may become useful for research and for the treatment of infertility. In this article we consider prospectively the ethical issues that will arise if stem cell derived gametes are used in the clinic, making a distinction between concerns that only apply to embryonic stem cell derived gametes and concerns that are also relevant for (...)
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  19.  18
    Is There a Moral Obligation to Conceive Children Under the Best Possible Conditions? A Preliminary Framework for Identifying the Preconception Responsibilities of Potential Parents.Pieter Bonte, Guido Pennings & Sigrid Sterckx - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):5.
    The preventative paradigm of preconception care is receiving increasing attention, yet its boundaries remain vague in three respects: temporally; agentially; and instrumentally. Crucially, it remains unclear just who is to be considered a ‘potential parent’, how soon they should take up preconception responsibilities, and how weighty their responsibilities should be.
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  20.  18
    Why Jecker's Capabilities Approach to Age-Based Rationing Is Incapable of Containing Health Care Costs.Laura Capitaine, Guido Pennings & Sigrid Sterckx - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (8):22-23.
  21.  13
    Ethical Concerns Eliminated: Safer Stimulation Protocols and Egg Banking.Heidi Mertes & Guido Pennings - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (9):33-35.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 9, Page 33-35, September 2011.
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  22.  25
    Postmenopausal Women and the Right of Access to Oocyte Donation.Guido Pennings - 2001 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 18 (2):171–181.
  23.  15
    Balancing Animal Welfare and Assisted Reproduction: Ethics of Preclinical Animal Research for Testing New Reproductive Technologies.Verna Jans, Wybo Dondorp, Ellen Goossens, Heidi Mertes, Guido Pennings & Guido de Wert - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (4):537-545.
    In the field of medically assisted reproduction, there is a growing emphasis on the importance of introducing new assisted reproductive technologies only after thorough preclinical safety research, including the use of animal models. At the same time, there is international support for the three R’s, and the European Union even aims at the full replacement of animals for research. The apparent tension between these two trends underlines the urgency of an explicit justification of the use of animals for the development (...)
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  24. Tot Welke Leeftijd Een Kind? Een Ethische Analyse van Timing van Ouderschap - Men Kan van Ouders Verlangen Dat Zij Redelijk Uitzicht Hebben Op Het Kunnen Voltooien van de Opvoeding van Het Kind Tot de Volwassen Leeftijd.Guido Pennings - 1996 - Filosofie En Praktijk 17:74-87.
     
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  25.  12
    Testicular Tissue Cryopreservation: Combining Access With Safeguards.Heidi Mertes & Guido Pennings - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (3):46 - 48.
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  26.  10
    On the Right to Know and The Use of Double Standards: Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “The Right to Know Your Genetic Parents: From Open Identity Gamete Donation to Routine Paternity Testing”.An Ravelingien & Guido Pennings - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (5):W6 - W8.
    Over the years a number of countries have abolished anonymous gamete donation and shifted toward open-identity policies. Donor-conceived children are said to have a fundamental “right to know” the identity of their donor. In this article, we trace the arguments that underlie this claim and question its implications. We argue that, given the status attributed to the right to know one's gamete donor, it would be discriminatory not to extend this right to naturally conceived children with misattributed paternity. One way (...)
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