Philosophy of Science 64 (S1):S85- (1997)
The method of positron emission tomography illustrates the circular logic popular in subtractive neuroimaging and linear reductive cognitive psychology. Both require that strictly feed-forward, modular, cognitive components exist, before the fact, to justify the inference of particular components from images after the fact. Also, both require a "true" componential theory of cognition and laboratory tasks, before the fact, to guarantee reliable choices for subtractive contrasts. None of these possibilities are likely. Consequently, linear reductive analysis has failed to yield general, reliable, componential accounts
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Self-Organization of Cognitive Performance.Guy C. Van Orden, John G. Holden & Michael T. Turvey - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (3):331.
Brain Imaging, Forward Inference, and Theories of Reasoning.Evan Heit - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
Anatomical and Functional Modularity in Cognitive Science: Shifting the Focus.Vincent Bergeron - 2007 - Philosophical Psychology 20 (2):175 – 195.
The Analysis of Data and the Evidential Scope of Neuroimaging Results.Jessey Wright - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
Saving Subtraction: A Reply to Van Orden and Paap.A. L. Roskies - 2010 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (3):635-665.
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