Foundations of Science 5 (2):157-184 (2000)

Abstract
There are two classical and opposite positions about scientific discovery: the one that conceives scientific discovery activity as fully rational and the one that conceives scientific discovery activity as fully irrational. In the first case, machines are regarded as able to perform the scientific discovery process whereas, in the second case, machines are considered unable to perform any part of the scientific discovery process.We adopt a third intermediate approach that envisages a new role for machines, which are conceived as descriptions of the results of scientific discovery activity. More precisely, the purpose of the paper is to illustrate the multilevel structure of a machine, called creative dynamic agency, that represents the articulated and incremental description of the product of scientific discovery process. The multilevel architecture reflects the composition relation that holds among phenomena described by creative agents that compose creative dynamic agency.
Keywords creative agent  creative dynamic agency  field of phenomena  mosaic of models  multilevel insertion of models
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Reprint years 2004
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DOI 10.1023/a:1011346818894
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Creative Evolution.Henri Bergson (ed.) - 1911 - New York: the Modern Library.
Creative Evolution.Henri Bergson & Arthur Mitchell - 1911 - International Journal of Ethics 22 (4):467-469.
Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems.Galileo Galilei & Stillman Drake - 1954 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 5 (19):253-256.

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