Ulcers and bacteria II: Instruments, experiments, and social interactions

Abstract
My description of the cognitive processes involved in the discovery, development, and acceptance of the bacterial theory of ulcers might have left the impression that science is all in the mind (Thagard, forthcoming-b). But only part of the story of the bacterial theory of ulcers is psychological. This paper discusses the important role of physical interaction with the world by means of instruments and experiments, and the equally important role of social interactions among the medical researchers who developed the theory. The main questions I want to answer are the following: 1. What instruments contributed to the development and acceptance of the new theory? 2. What kinds of experiments contributed to the development and acceptance of the new theory? 3. How did theorizing and experimentation interact in the development of new experiments and hypotheses? 4. How did social processes such as collaboration, communication, and consensus contribute to the development and widespread acceptance of the bacterial theory of ulcers? I conclude with a sketch of science as a complex system of interacting psychological, physical, and social processes.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1016/S1369-8486(98)00024-7
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history
Request removal from index
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 29,308
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
The Scientific Image.C. Van Fraassen Bas - 1980 - Oxford University Press.
How Experiments End.Peter Galison - 1990 - Journal of Philosophy 87 (2):103-106.
Collaborative Knowledge.Paul Thagard - 1997 - Noûs 31 (2):242-261.
Ulcers and Bacteria I: Discovery and Acceptance.P. Thagard - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 29 (1):107-136.

View all 6 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Does Economic Theory Need More Evidence? A Balancing of Arguments.Paul Anand - 2003 - Journal of Economic Methodology 10 (4):441-463.
Collaborative Knowledge.Paul Thagard - 1997 - Noûs 31 (2):242-261.
Ulcers and Bacteria I: Discovery and Acceptance.P. Thagard - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 29 (1):107-136.
Explaining Scientific Change: Integrating the Cognitive and the Social.Paul Thagard - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:298 - 303.
Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total downloads
21 ( #240,946 of 2,180,130 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #157,219 of 2,180,130 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads
My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.

Other forums