According to David Miller, duties of domestic national and global justice are of equal importance, given that nationhood is both intrinsically valuable and not inherently an unjust way of excluding outsiders. The consequence of this?split?level? view is that it may be reasonable to prioritize domestic justice in some cases, while letting demands of global justice take precedence in others, depending on a weighting model which seeks to account for the relative urgency of domestic and global claims and the extent to which agents are more closely attached to compatriots than to outsiders. In this chapter, I argue against this weighting model on grounds of internal coherence with the theory set out in National responsibility and global justice. I first inquire into the conditions under which justice at home conflicts with justice in the world at large, according to Miller?s main principle of global justice? respect for basic human rights. I then show that on Miller?s own understanding of the various duties of global and domestic justice, cases of conflict rarely arise, and that when they do, there is a powerful argument for prioritizing global duties on grounds of urgency, which contradicts the reasoning of the weighting model. Finally, I address a problem arising from Miller?s basic assumption that under?fulfillment of basic human rights in poor countries only generates claims of global justice to which rich nations are under a duty to respond, following the acceptance of a scheme of remedial responsibilities to provide aid by each of these nations. The normative structure of the split?level view set out in NRGJ needs to be clarified with respect to the key question of whether nations can be held to be under a duty of justice to bring such a scheme into existence in the first place
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DOI 10.1080/13698230802415888
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References found in this work BETA

Reasonable Partiality Towards Compatriots.David Miller - 2005 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (1-2):63-81.

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Citations of this work BETA

Falling Into the Justice Gap? Between Duties of Social and Global Justice.Christine Straehle - 2016 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 19 (6):645-661.
In Defence of Weighting: A Reply to Robert van der Veen.David Miller - 2010 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 13 (4):561-566.
Global Justice in Complex Moral Worlds. Dilemmas of Contextualized Theories.Veit Bader - 2008 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 11 (4):539-552.
Limiting the Scope of the Weighting Model: A Reply to David Miller.Robert van der Veen - 2010 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 13 (4):549-559.

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