Journal of Business Ethics 137 (4):721-730 (2016)

Abstract
Although managing fairness is a critical concern for organizations, not all managers are predisposed to enact high levels of fairness. Emerging empirical evidence suggests that personality characteristics can be an important antecedent of managers’ fair behavior. However, relatively little attention has been devoted to understand how to promote fairness among managers who are naturally predisposed to engage in lower levels of fairness. Building upon self-awareness theory, we argue that increasing managers’ self-awareness can motivate managers with low trait empathy to engage in greater levels of justice. We test the interactive effects of trait empathy and state self-awareness using an experimental study in which individuals were asked to communicate negative news. In support of our hypothesis, our results indicate that increasing self-awareness through self-focusing situations can help promote interactional justice when communicating negative news for individuals with low trait empathy. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.
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DOI 10.1007/s10551-014-2357-7
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Fairness as a Moral Virtue.Robert Folger - 1998 - In Marshall Schminke (ed.), Managerial Ethics: Moral Management of People and Processes. Lawrence Erlbaum Assocs.. pp. 13--34.

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