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  1.  12
    Looking Into Your Eyes: Observed Pupil Size Influences Approach-Avoidance Responses.Marco Brambilla, Marco Biella & Mariska E. Kret - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (3):616-622.
    ABSTRACTThe eyes reveal important social messages, such as emotions and whether a person is aroused and interested or bored and fatigued. A growing body of research has also shown that individuals with large pupils are generally evaluated positively by observers, while those with small pupils are perceived negatively. Here, we examined whether observed pupil size influences approach-avoidance tendencies. Participants performed an Approach-Avoidance Task using faces with large and small pupil sizes. Results showed that pupil size influences the accuracy of arm (...)
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  2.  5
    The Role of Pupil Size in Communication. Is There Room for Learning?Mariska E. Kret - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (5):1139-1145.
    ABSTRACTThe eyes are extremely important for communication. The muscles around the eyes express emotional states and the size of the pupil signals whether a person is aroused and alert or bored and fatigued. Pupil size is an overlooked social signal, yet is readily picked up by observers. Observers mirror their own pupil sizes in response, which can influence social impressions. In a landmark study by Hess [1975. The role of pupil size in communication. Scientific American, 233, 110–119] it was shown (...)
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  3.  2
    Pupil Mimicry in Infants and Parents.Evin Aktar, Maartje E. J. Raijmakers & Mariska E. Kret - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (6):1160-1170.
    Changes in pupil size can reflect social interest or affect, and tend to get mimicked by observers during eye contact. Pupil mimicry has recently been observed in young infants, whereas it is unkno...
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    Recognition of Facial Expressions is Moderated by Islamic Cues.Mariska E. Kret & Agneta H. Fischer - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (3):623-631.