Results for 'Ori Lavi-Rotbain'

174 found
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  1.  14
    Developmental Differences Between Children and Adults in the Use of Visual Cues for Segmentation.Ori Lavi-Rotbain & Inbal Arnon - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S2):606-620.
    Recent work asked if visual cues facilitate word segmentation in adults and infants. While adults showed better word segmentation when presented with a regular visual cue, infants did not. This difference was attributed to infants' lack of understanding that objects have labels. Alternatively, infants’ performance could reflect their difficulty with tracking and integrating multiple multimodal cues. We contrasted these two accounts by looking at the effect of visual cues on word segmentation in adults and across childhood. We found that older (...)
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  2.  17
    Motorcycling as a Moral Improvement: A Response to Hansson.Meshi Ori - 2015 - Philosophical Papers 44 (3):377-387.
    In Ori 2014 I claimed that switching from a motorcar to a motorcycle when traveling alone is a moral improvement. Hansson 2014 replied that switching is not an improvement because we need better road and motor vehicle protection, not less. In this response I will show why the lack of protection is not a decisive objection to motorcycling and I will stress the point that motorcycling is a moral improvement, at least according to prevalent normative ethical views.
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  3.  26
    Will Biomedical Enhancements Undermine Solidarity, Responsibility, Equality and Autonomy?L. E. V. Ori - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (4):177-184.
    Prominent thinkers such as Jurgen Habermas and Michael Sandel are warning that biomedical enhancements will undermine fundamental political values. Yet whether biomedical enhancements will undermine such values depends on how biomedical enhancements will function, how they will be administered and to whom. Since only few enhancements are obtainable, it is difficult to tell whether these predictions are sound. Nevertheless, such warnings are extremely valuable. As a society we must, at the very least, be aware of developments that could have harmful (...)
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  4.  10
    How Do Hunter-Gatherer Children Learn Subsistence Skills?Sheina Lew-Levy, Rachel Reckin, Noa Lavi, Jurgi Cristóbal-Azkarate & Kate Ellis-Davies - 2017 - Human Nature 28 (4):367-394.
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  5.  35
    The Morality of Motorcycling.Meshi Ori - 2014 - Philosophical Papers 43 (3):345-363.
    Personal motor vehicle use is a common, yet dangerous, practice. While using a motor vehicle one poses himself and others to risk. If it is immoral to pose unnecessary risk to others, it is immoral to drive a car when an alternative is readily available. In this paper I claim that there is a morally better, readily available, alternative to driving a car alone: using a motorcycle. While this claim might sound dubious at first, I will show why it is (...)
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  6.  16
    Animal Laws and the Politics of Life: Slaughterhouse Regulation in Germany, 1870-1917.Shai Lavi - 2007 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 8 (1):221-250.
    What makes modern law and politics modern? What makes the question of "modernity" so central to our understanding of contemporary law and politics? To offer one possible answer to these questions this study examines the changing relationship between animals and humans and, more specifically, the new regulation of the slaughterhouse in turn of the century Germany. If humans and animals meet in the modern agora it is neither because animals are now perceived as more human-like, as champions of progress would (...)
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  7.  12
    Listening to Unreason: Foucault and Wittgenstein on Reason and the Unreasonable Man.Liat Lavi - 2018 - Foucault Studies 25:213.
    In this Paper I examine Wittgenstein’s appeals to madness in On Certainty in light of Foucault’s Histoire de la folie. A close look at these works, usually conceived as disparate, belonging to entirely different schools of thought, reveals they actually have much in common. Both can be read as investigations into the grounds of reason, and while they offer quite different and distinct perspectives on the matter, share some central insights. In both we find that the boundaries of reason are (...)
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  8. Crimes of Action, Crimes of Thought : Arendt on Reconciliation, Forgiveness, and Judgment.Shai Lavi - 2010 - In Roger Berkowitz, Jeffrey Katz & Thomas Keenan (eds.), Thinking in Dark Times: Hannah Arendt on Ethics and Politics. Fordham University Press.
  9.  15
    Beyond Natural Potentiality: Brain-Death Pregnancy, Viable Fetuses, and Pre-Implanted Embryos.Shai J. Lavi - 2017 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 11 (2):161-187.
  10.  12
    Introduction.Roy Kreitner, Yishai Blank & Shai Lavi - 2007 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 8 (1):1-7.
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  11.  21
    A Moral Problem of Counterfeit Money.Meshi Ori - 2015 - Philosophical Forum 46 (3):307-318.
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  12.  24
    Moral Demands, Moral Pragmatics, and Being Good.Ariel Meirav, Meshi Ori, Avital Pilpel & Daniel Statman - 2010 - Utilitas 22 (3).
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  13.  1
    Listening to Unreason: Foucault and Wittgenstein on Reason and the Unreasonable Man.Liat Lavi - forthcoming - Foucault Studies:213-227.
    In this paper I examine Wittgenstein’s appeals to madness in On Certainty in light of Foucault’s Histoire de la folie. A close look at these works, usually conceived as disparate, belonging to entirely different schools of thought, reveals they actually have much in common. Both can be read as investigations into the grounds of reason, and while they offer quite different and distinct perspectives on the matter, they share some central insights. In both we find that the boundaries of reason (...)
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  14.  7
    The Use of Force Beyond the Liberal Imagination: Terror and Empire in Palestine, 1947.Shai Lavi - 2006 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 7 (1):199-228.
    The question of the use of force and its relation to political power has resurfaced in an era of terror attacks and wars against terror. The liberal conceptualization of this relation is limited by the bipolar understanding of force as either legitimate or illegitimate. Turning to the history of the Irgun, a Jewish underground movement, and its struggle against the British Empire in 1947 Palestine, this article seeks to expand the understanding of force beyond the liberal paradigm. The article offers (...)
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  15.  5
    Euthanasia and the Changing Ethics of the Deathbed.Shai Lavi - 2003 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 4 (2).
    During the course of the nineteenth century, a dramatic change took place in the way Americans die. The deathbed, formerly governed predominantly by religious tradition, gradually was being shaped by medical ethics and state law. By the end of the nineteenth century, not only had the physician replaced the priest as master of ceremonies at the deathbed, but the state, in the form of positive law, had begun to express an interest in regulating the treatment of the dying patient. This (...)
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  16.  20
    Orí O! A ideia de Pessoa, a Problemática do Destino e o Ritual do Bọrí entre os Yorùbás e no Candomblé (Orí O! The Idea of Person, the Problematic of Destiny and the Ritual of Bọrí among the Yorùbá and in Candomblé) - DOI 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2013v11n29p70. [REVIEW]João Ferreira Dias - 2013 - Horizonte 11 (29):70-87.
    O presente artigo pretende analisar a ideia de pessoa entre os yorùbás da África Ocidental, a partir da conceção de orí , i. e., a cabeça, entendida entre eles como portadora de personalidade e destino, ideia amplamente difundida pela literatura sobre a matéria da personalidade humana e sentidos de destino. A partir do orí , adentrar-se-á pela problemática da predestinação entre os yorùbás e o sentido do ritual de alimento à cabeça, o b ọ rí, entre os yorùbás, com referência (...)
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  17.  96
    Causal Factors Implicated in Research Misconduct: Evidence From Ori Case Files. [REVIEW]Mark S. Davis, Michelle Riske-Morris & Sebastian R. Diaz - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (2):395-414.
    There has been relatively little empirical research into the causes of research misconduct. To begin to address this void, the authors collected data from closed case files of the Office of Research Integrity (ORI). These data were in the form of statements extracted from ORI file documents including transcripts, investigative reports, witness statements, and correspondence. Researchers assigned these statements to 44 different concepts. These concepts were then analyzed using multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis. The authors chose a solution consisting of (...)
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  18.  49
    Mentoring and Research Misconduct: An Analysis of Research Mentoring in Closed ORI Cases.David E. Wright, Sandra L. Titus & Jered B. Cornelison - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (3):323-336.
    We are reporting on how involved the mentor was in promoting responsible research in cases of research misconduct. We reviewed the USPHS misconduct files of the Office of Research Integrity. These files are created by Institutions who prosecute a case of possible research misconduct; ORI has oversight review of these investigations. We explored the role of the mentor in the cases of trainee research misconduct on three specific behaviors that we believe mentors should perform with their trainee: review source data, (...)
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  19.  3
    Necessary Intentionality: A Study in the Metaphysics of Aboutness by Ori Simchen. [REVIEW]Heimir Geirsson - 2012 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 28.
    The relations between our cognitions and what they are about have been much discussed in recent decades. A popular view used to be that the relation between a cognitive state and what it is about is a contingent affair, namely that my cognitive state might have been just as it actually is in the absence of the object it is of, or in the presence of a qualitatively identical object as the one it is of. A second position, one more (...)
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  20.  1
    Haptic Aesthetics and Bodily Properties of Ori Gersht’s Digital Art: A Behavioral and Eye-Tracking Study.Marta Calbi, Hava Aldouby, Ori Gersht, Nunzio Langiulli, Vittorio Gallese & Maria Alessandra Umiltà - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  21.  24
    Making Road Traffic Safer: Reply to Ori.Sven Ove Hansson - 2014 - Philosophical Papers 43 (3):365-375.
    In order to reduce the death toll of road traffic it is necessary to focus on how vehicles and roads can be improved. Like other dangerous machines, motor vehicles should be equipped with safety devices that prevent mistakes by the operator from leading to serious consequences. Speed limiters that prevent driving at illegal speeds would save many lives, and so would alcohol interlocks. Meshi Ori's proposal that most cars should be replaced by motorcycles would not lead to the moral improvement (...)
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  22.  13
    Causal Factors Implicated in Research Misconduct: Evidence From ORI Case Files.Sebastian Diaz, Michelle Riske-Morris & Mark Davis - 2007 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (2):297-298.
    The online version of the original article can be found under doi:10.1007/s11948-007-9045-2.
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  23.  13
    G. Andreassi et al.: Ceramica sovraddipinta, ori, bronzi, monete, della Collezione Chini nel Museo Civico di Bassano del Grappa . Pp. 303, ills. Rome: Giorgio Bretschneider, 1995. ISBN: 88-7689- 148-X. [REVIEW]J. Elsner - 1998 - The Classical Review 48 (1):231-231.
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  24.  4
    Ori Sela. China’s Philological Turn: Scholars, Textualism, and the Dao in the Eighteenth Century. Xi + 314 Pp., Notes, Apps., Bibl., Index. New York: Columbia University Press, 2018. $65 . ISBN 9780231183826. [REVIEW]Martin Hofmann - 2019 - Isis 110 (3):602-603.
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  25. A Naturalistic Interpretation of the Yoruba Concepts of Ori.Adebola Babatunde Ekanola - 2006 - Philosophia Africana 9 (1):41-52.
  26.  84
    A Philosophical Analysis of the Yoruba Concepts of Ori and Human Destiny.M. Akin Makinde - 1985 - International Studies in Philosophy 17 (1):53-69.
  27.  18
    Music's Worldly Uses, Ori How I Learned to Stop Worrying and to Love Led Zeeeeliin—.Theodore Gracyk - 2008 - In Alex Neill & Aaron Ridley (eds.), Arguing About Art: Contemporary Philosophical Debates. Routledge. pp. 137.
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  28.  22
    G. Andreassi et al.: Ceramica sovraddipinta, ori, bronzi, monete, della Collezione Chini nel Museo Civico di Bassano del Grappa (Collezioni e musei archeologici del Veneto). Pp. 303, ills. Rome: Giorgio Bretschneider, 1995. ISBN: 88-7689- 148-X. [REVIEW]J. Elsner - 1998 - The Classical Review 48 (01):231-.
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  29.  8
    Verbal Discrimination Learning as a Function of Percentage Occurrence of Reinforcing Information (% ORI) and Varying Presentation Rates.William R. Gamboni, Gregory R. Gaustad & Buford E. Wilson - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (2):256.
  30.  3
    A.S. Ori, "Storia di una dinastia" e G. Volpato, "Il caso Fiat".Francesca Fauri - 1997 - Polis 11 (1):133-136.
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  31. A Naturalistic Interpretation Of The Yoruba Concepts Of Ori.Adebola Ekanola - 2006 - African Philosophy 9 (1):41-52.
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  32. De Trei Ori Theo.Adrian Mihalache - 2002 - Dilema 474:15.
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  33.  35
    Scientific Forensics: How the Office of Research Integrity Can Assist Institutional Investigations of Research Misconduct During Oversight Review.John E. Dahlberg & Nancy M. Davidian - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (4):713-735.
    The Division of Investigative Oversight within the U.S. Office of Research Integrity (ORI) is responsible for conducting oversight review of institutional inquiries and investigations of possible research misconduct. It is also responsible for determining whether Public Health Service findings of research misconduct are warranted. Although ORI findings rely primarily on the scope and quality of the institution’s analyses and determinations, ORI often has been able to strengthen the original findings by employing a variety of analytical methods, often computer based. Although (...)
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  34.  3
    The Essential Need for Research Misconduct Allegation Audits.Lisa Loikith & Robert Bauchwitz - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (4):1027-1049.
    Nearly 90 % of allegations of biomedical research misconduct in the United States are dismissed by responsible institutions without any faculty assessment or auditable record. Recently, members of the U.S. Congress have complained that the penalties for those against whom findings of research misconduct are made are too light and that too few grant funds associated with research misconduct have been recovered for use by other researchers and taxpayers. Here we discuss the laws that empower federal agencies that can oversee (...)
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  35.  78
    The University and the Responsible Conduct of Research: Who is Responsible for What? [REVIEW]Katherine Alfredo & Hillary Hart - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (3):447-457.
    Research misconduct has been thoroughly discussed in the literature, but mainly in terms of definitions and prescriptions for proper conduct. Even when case studies are cited, they are generally used as a repository of “lessons learned.” What has been lacking from this conversation is how the lessons of responsible conduct of research are imparted in the first place to graduate students, especially those in technical fields such as engineering. Nor has there been much conversation about who is responsible for what (...)
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  36.  22
    Commentary on “the History and Future of the Office of Research Integrity: Scientific Misconduct and Beyond” (C. Pascal).Kenneth D. Pimple - 1999 - Science and Engineering Ethics 5 (2):203-204.
  37.  8
    Correction To: Sequent Systems for Negative Modalities.Ori Lahav, João Marcos & Yoni Zohar - 2019 - Logica Universalis 13 (1):135-135.
    In the original publication, the corresponding author was indicated incorrectly. The correct corresponding author of the article should be Ori Lahav. The original article has been updated accordingly.
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  38.  3
    A Community Should Be Present as He Prays so That He Can Bind Himself with Their Soul.Moshe Goultschin - 2018 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 26 (1):34-66.
    _ Source: _Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 34 - 66 During his final years, R. Nahman of Bratslav endeavored to find a solution for the paradox of unrealized messiahs. His solution was outlined in his dream about birds in December 1806, on the Sabbath of _Parashat Va-yeḥi_. This dream was influenced by his reading of a story told in the _Zohar, Parashat Va-yeḥi_, of a “vision of birds” of R. Yehudah, a disciple of R. Shimon bar Yohai, that exemplifies the (...)
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  39. The Folk Conception of Knowledge.Christina Starmans & Ori Friedman - 2012 - Cognition 124 (3):272-283.
    How do people decide which claims should be considered mere beliefs and which count as knowledge? Although little is known about how people attribute knowledge to others, philosophical debate about the nature of knowledge may provide a starting point. Traditionally, a belief that is both true and justified was thought to constitute knowledge. However, philosophers now agree that this account is inadequate, due largely to a class of counterexamples (termed ‘‘Gettier cases’’) in which a person’s justified belief is true, but (...)
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  40. Naive Realism and the Science of Consciousness.Adam Pautz - forthcoming - Analytic Philosophy.
    I begin by describing what I call simple naïve realism. Then I describe relevant empirical results. Next, I develop two new empirical arguments against simple naive realism. Then I briefly look at two new, more complex forms of naïve realism: one due to Keith Allen and the other due to Heather Logue and Ori Beck. I argue that they are not satisfactory retreats for naive realists. The right course is to reject naive realism altogether. My stalking horse is contemporary naive (...)
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  41. How Dualists Should (Not) Respond to the Objection From Energy Conservation.Alin C. Cucu & J. Brian Pitts - 2019 - Mind and Matter 17 (1):95-121.
    The principle of energy conservation is widely taken to be a se- rious difficulty for interactionist dualism (whether property or sub- stance). Interactionists often have therefore tried to make it satisfy energy conservation. This paper examines several such attempts, especially including E. J. Lowe’s varying constants proposal, show- ing how they all miss their goal due to lack of engagement with the physico-mathematical roots of energy conservation physics: the first Noether theorem (that symmetries imply conservation laws), its converse (that conservation (...)
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  42. Core Mechanisms in ‘Theory of Mind’.Alan M. Leslie, Ori Friedman & Tim P. German - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (12):528-533.
    Our ability to understand the thoughts and feelings of other people does not initially develop as a theory but as a mechanism. The ‘ theory of mind ’ mechanism is part of the core architecture of the human brain, and is specialized for learning about mental states. Impaired development of this mechanism can have drastic effects on social learning, seen most strikingly in the autistic spectrum disorders. ToMM kick-starts belief–desire attribution but effective reasoning about belief contents depends on a process (...)
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  43. Can Artificail Entities Assert?Ori Freiman & Boaz Miller - forthcoming - In Sanford C. Goldberg (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Assertion. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    There is an existing debate regarding the view that technological instruments, devices, or machines can assert ‎or testify. A standard view in epistemology is that only humans can testify. However, the notion of quasi-‎testimony acknowledges that technological devices can assert or testify under some conditions, without ‎denying that humans and machines are not the same. Indeed, there are four relevant differences between ‎humans and instruments. First, unlike humans, machine assertion is not imaginative or playful. Second, ‎machine assertion is prescripted and (...)
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  44.  97
    Rethinking Naive Realism.Ori Beck - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (3):607-633.
    Perceptions are externally-directed—they present us with a mind-independent reality, and thus contribute to our abilities to think about this reality, and to know what is objectively the case. But perceptions are also internally-dependent—their phenomenologies depend on the neuro-computational properties of the subject. A good theory of perception must account for both these facts. But naive realism has been criticized for failing to accommodate internal-dependence. This paper evaluates and responds to this criticism. It first argues that a certain version of naive (...)
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  45. Two Conceptions of Phenomenology.Ori Beck - 2019 - Philosophers' Imprint 19 (37):1-17.
    The phenomenal particularity thesis says that if a mind-independent particular is consciously perceived in a given perception, that particular is among the constituents of the perception’s phenomenology. Martin, Campbell, Gomes and French and others defend this thesis. Against them are Mehta, Montague, Schellenberg and others, who have produced strong arguments that the phenomenal particularity thesis is false. Unfortunately, neither side has persuaded the other, and it seems that the debate between them is now at an impasse. This paper aims to (...)
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  46.  60
    Realism and Instrumentalism in Philosophical Explanation.Ori Simchen - 2019 - Metaphysics 2 (1):1-15.
    There is a salient contrast in how theoretical representations are regarded. Some are regarded as revealing the nature of what they represent, as in familiar cases of theoretical identification in physical chemistry where water is represented as hydrogen hydroxide and gold is represented as the element with atomic number 79. Other theoretical representations are regarded as serving other explanatory aims without being taken individually to reveal the nature of what they represent, as in the representation of gold as a standard (...)
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  47.  29
    Justifying Standing to Give Reasons: Hypocrisy, Minding Your Own Business, and Knowing One’s Place.Ori Herstein - forthcoming - Philosophers' Imprint.
    Numerous everyday practices exhibit the normative structure of “standing”: forbidding certain interventions in the affairs of others and permitting ignoring such interventions. This normative structure turns on facts about the person intervening and not on facts determinative of the validity of her intervention. When valid, directives count as reasons to do as they direct. When interventions take the form of directives, standing practices may permit excluding those directives from one’s practical deliberations, regardless of the directives’ validity or normative weight. Standing (...)
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  48. Review: Cass R. Sunstein. Conspiracy Theories and Other Dangerous Ideas. 304 Pp. Simon & Schuster, 2014. [REVIEW]Ori Freiman - 2016 - Spontaneous Generations 8 (1):100-104.
  49.  84
    Is Probabilistic Evidence a Source of Knowledge?Ori Friedman & John Turri - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (5):1062-1080.
    We report a series of experiments examining whether people ascribe knowledge for true beliefs based on probabilistic evidence. Participants were less likely to ascribe knowledge for beliefs based on probabilistic evidence than for beliefs based on perceptual evidence or testimony providing causal information. Denial of knowledge for beliefs based on probabilistic evidence did not arise because participants viewed such beliefs as unjustified, nor because such beliefs leave open the possibility of error. These findings rule out traditional philosophical accounts for why (...)
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  50.  27
    Determining Who Owns What: Do Children Infer Ownership From First Possession?Ori Friedman & Karen R. Neary - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):829-849.
    A basic problem of daily life is determining who owns what. One way that people may solve this problem is by relying on a ‘first possession’ heuristic, according to which the first person who possesses an object is its owner, even if others subsequently possess the object. We investigated preschoolers’ use of this heuristic in five experiments. In Experiments 1 and 2, 3- and 4-year-olds inferred that an object was owned by the character who possessed it first, even though another (...)
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