Results for 'Robert F. Arnove'

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  1. Comparative Education: The Dialectic of the Global and the Local.Robert F. Arnove & Carlos Alberto Torres (eds.) - 2007 - Rowman & Littlefield.
     
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  2. Institutionalizing International Influence.'Robert F. Arnove, and Carlos Alberto Torres.Joel Samoff - 2007 - In Robert F. Arnove & Carlos Alberto Torres (eds.), Comparative Education: The Dialectic of the Global and the Local. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 74--77.
     
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  3.  18
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]John H. Scahill, Charles K. West, Linda Valli, Robert F. Arnove, Beverly M. Gordon, Earle H. West, Maurice M. Martinez, Kathleen Densmore, Cameron Fincher, Alan H. Jones, C. H. Edson, Richard H. Usher, Michael W. Apple & Olga Skorapa - 1987 - Educational Studies 18 (3):413-492.
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  4.  88
    Situationist Social Psychology and J. S. Mill's Conception of Character: Robert F. Card.Robert F. Card - 2010 - Utilitas 22 (4):481-493.
    The situationist challenge to global character traits claims that on the basis of findings in social psychology, we should only accept at most the existence of local or context-sensitive traits. In this article I explore a neglected area of J. S. Mill's work to outline an account of context-sensitive traits. This account of traits, coupled with a sophisticated consequentialist ethical framework, suggests an interesting view on which persons govern the circumstances of their actions in order to best promote overall well-being.
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  5.  43
    Divine Omniscience, Immutability, Aseity and Human Free Will: ROBERT F. BROWN.Robert F. Brown - 1991 - Religious Studies 27 (3):285-295.
    If classical Western theism is correct that God's timeless omniscience is compatible with human free will, then it is incoherent to hold that this God can in any strict sense be immutable and a se as well as omniscient. That is my thesis. ‘Classical theism’ shall refer here to the tradition of philosophical theology centring on such mainstream authors as Augustine, Anselm, and Aquinas. ‘Divine omniscience’ shall mean that the eternal God knows all events as a timeless observer of them. (...)
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  6. Early Modern Philosophy: Metaphysics, Epistemology, and Politics Essays in Honour of Robert F. Mcrae.Robert F. Mcrae, Georges J. D. Moyal & Stanley Tweyman (eds.) - 1986 - Caravan Books.
  7. Conscientious Objection and Emergency Contraception.Robert F. Card - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):8 – 14.
    This article argues that practitioners have a professional ethical obligation to dispense emergency contraception, even given conscientious objection to this treatment. This recent controversy affects all medical professionals, including physicians as well as pharmacists. This article begins by analyzing the option of referring the patient to another willing provider. Objecting professionals may conscientiously refuse because they consider emergency contraception to be equivalent to abortion or because they believe contraception itself is immoral. This article critically evaluates these reasons and concludes that (...)
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  8. Exposure and Affect: Overview and Meta-Analysis of Research 1968-1987.Robert F. Bornstein - 1989 - Psychological Bulletin 106:265-89.
     
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  9.  57
    The Inevitability of Assessing Reasons in Debates About Conscientious Objection in Medicine.Robert F. Card - 2017 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 26 (1):82-96.
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  10. Abating Treatment with Critically Ill Patients: Ethical and Legal Limits to the Medical Prolongation of Life.Robert F. Weir - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
    This book offers an in-depth analysis of the wide range of issues surrounding "passive euthanasia" and "allow-to-die" decisions. The author develops a comprehensive conceptual model that is highly useful for assessing and dealing with real-life situations. He presents an informative historical overview, an evaluation of the clinical settings in which treatment abatement takes place, and an insightful discussion of relevant legal aspects. The result is a clearly articulated ethical analysis that is medically realistic, philosophically sound, and legally viable.
     
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  11.  50
    Reasonability and Conscientious Objection in Medicine: A Reply to Marsh and an Elaboration of the Reason‐Giving Requirement.Robert F. Card - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (6):320-326.
    In this paper I defend the Reasonability View: the position that medical professionals seeking a conscientious exemption must state reasons in support of their objection and allow those reasons to be subject to evaluation. Recently, this view has been criticized by Jason Marsh as proposing a standard that is either too difficult to meet or too easy to satisfy. First, I defend the Reasonability View from this proposed dilemma. Then, I develop this view by presenting and explaining some of the (...)
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  12.  11
    Rational Consensus in Science and Society.Robert F. Bordley - 1986 - Noûs 20 (4):565-568.
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  13.  33
    Blind Realism: An Essay on Human Knowledge and Natural Science.Robert F. Almeder - 1991 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Blind Realism originated in the deeply felt conviction that the widespread acceptance of Gettier-type counterexamples to the classical definition of knowledge rests in a demonstrably erroneous understanding of the nature of human knowledge. In seeking to defend that conviction, Robert F. Almeder offers a fairly detailed and systematic picture of the nature and limits of human factual knowledge.
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  14.  39
    Affirming the Decisions Adolescents Make About Life and Death.Robert F. Weir & Charles Peters - 1997 - Hastings Center Report 27 (6):29-40.
  15.  21
    In Defence of Medical Tribunals and the Reasonability Standard for Conscientious Objection in Medicine.Robert F. Card - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (2):73-75.
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  16.  18
    Reasons, Reasonability and Establishing Conscientious Objector Status in Medicine.Robert F. Card - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (4):222-225.
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  17.  46
    Systematicity in Connectionist Language Learning.Robert F. Hadley - 1994 - Mind and Language 9 (3):247-72.
  18.  86
    Conscientious Objection, Emergency Contraception, and Public Policy.Robert F. Card - 2011 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (1):53-68.
    Defenders of medical professionals’ rights to conscientious objection (CO) regarding emergency contraception (EC) draw an analogy to CO in the military. Such professionals object to EC since it has the possibility of harming zygotic life, yet if we accept this analogy and utilize jurisprudence to frame the associated public policy, those who refuse to dispense EC would not have their objection honored. Legal precedent holds that one must consistently object to all forms of the relevant activity. In the case at (...)
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  19.  8
    DNA Banking and Informed Consent: Part 1.Robert F. Weir & Jay R. Horton - forthcoming - IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  20.  94
    It's About Time: An Overview of the Dynamical Approach to Cognition.Timothy Van Gelder & Robert F. Port - 1995 - In Tim van Gelder & Robert Port (eds.), Mind as Motion: Explorations in the Dynamics of Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 43.
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  21. Automatism, Insanity, and the Psychology of Criminal Responsibility: A Philosophical Inquiry.Robert F. Schopp - 1991 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is a book about the role that psychological impairment should play in a theory of criminal liability. Criminal guilt in the Anglo-American legal tradition requires both that the defendant committed some proscribed act and did so with intent, knowledge, or recklessness. The second requirement corresponds to the intuitive idea that people should not be punished for something they did not do 'on purpose' or if they 'did not realize what they were doing'. Unlike many works in this area, this (...)
     
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  22. Ethical Issues in Death and Dying.Robert F. Weir (ed.) - 1986 - Columbia University Press.
     
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  23.  10
    The Market View on Conscientious Objection: Overvalued.Robert F. Card - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (3):168-172.
    Ancell and Sinnott-Armstrong argue that medical providers possess wide freedoms to determine the scope of their practice, and therefore, prohibiting almost any conscientious objections is a bad idea. They maintain that we could create an acceptable system on the whole which even grants accommodations to discriminatory refusals by healthcare professionals. Their argument is premised upon applying a free market mechanism to conscientious objections in medicine, yet I argue their Market View possesses a number of absurd and troubling implications. Furthermore, I (...)
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  24. The 'Explicit-Implicit' Distinction.Robert F. Hadley - 1995 - Minds and Machines 5 (2):219-42.
    Much of traditional AI exemplifies the explicit representation paradigm, and during the late 1980''s a heated debate arose between the classical and connectionist camps as to whether beliefs and rules receive an explicit or implicit representation in human cognition. In a recent paper, Kirsh (1990) questions the coherence of the fundamental distinction underlying this debate. He argues that our basic intuitions concerning explicit and implicit representations are not only confused but inconsistent. Ultimately, Kirsh proposes a new formulation of the distinction, (...)
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  25.  53
    Individual Responsibility Within Organizational Contexts.Robert F. Card - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (4):397-405.
    Actions within organizational contexts should be understood differently as compared with actions performed outside of such contexts. This is the case due to the agentic shift, as discussed by social psychologist Stanley Milgram, and the role that systemic factors play in shaping the available alternatives from which individuals acting within institutions choose. The analysis stemming from Milgram’s experiments suggests not simply that individuals temporarily abdicate their moral agency on occasion, but that there is an erosion of agency within organizations. The (...)
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  26. Ethical Issues in the Music Industry Response to Innovation and Piracy.Robert F. Easley - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (2):163-168.
    The current conflict between the recording industry and a portion of its customers who are involved in illicit copying of music files arose from innovations involving the compression and electronic distribution of files over the internet. This paper briefly describes some of the challenges faced by the recording industry, and examines some of the ethical issues that arise in various industry and consumer responses to the opportunities and threats presented by these innovations. The paper concludes by highlighting the risks associated (...)
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  27.  48
    Unsentimental Ethics: Towards a Content-Specific Account of the Moral–Conventional Distinction.Edward B. Royzman, Robert F. Leeman & Jonathan Baron - 2009 - Cognition 112 (1):159-174.
  28.  62
    Is There No Alternative? Conscientious Objection by Medical Students.Robert F. Card - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (10):602-604.
    Recent survey data gathered from British medical students reveal widespread acceptance of conscientious objection in medicine, despite the existence of strict policies in the UK that discourage conscientious refusals by students to aspects of their medical training. This disconnect demonstrates a pressing need to thoughtfully examine policies that allow conscience objections by medical students; as it so happens, the USA is one country that has examples of such policies. After presenting some background on promulgated US conscience protections and reflecting on (...)
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  29. Inconsistency and the Theoretical Commitments of Hooker's Rule-Consequentialism.Robert F. Card - 2007 - Utilitas 19 (2):243-258.
    Rule-consequentialism is frequently regarded as problematic since it faces the following powerful dilemma: either rule-consequentialism collapses into act-consequentialism or rule-consequentialism is inconsistent. Recent defenders of this theory such as Brad Hooker provide a careful response to this objection. By explicating the nature and theoretical commitments of rule-consequentialism, I contend that these maneuvers are not successful by offering a new way of viewing the dilemma which retains its force even in light of these recent discussions. The central idea is that even (...)
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  30.  11
    [Book Review] Automatism, Insanity, and the Psychology of Criminal Responsibility, a Philosophical Inquiry. [REVIEW]Robert F. Schopp - 1993 - Ethics 103 (3):594-596.
    This is a book about the role that psychological impairment should play in a theory of criminal liability. Criminal guilt in the Anglo-American legal tradition requires both that the defendant committed some proscribed act and did so with intent, knowledge, or recklessness. The second requirement corresponds to the intuitive idea that people should not be punished for something they did not do 'on purpose' or if they 'did not realize what they were doing'. Unlike many works in this area, this (...)
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  31.  64
    Consequentialism, Teleology, and the New Friendship Critique.Robert F. Card - 2004 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 85 (2):149-172.
  32.  38
    Systematicity Revisited.Robert F. Hadley - 1994 - Mind and Language 9 (4):431-44.
  33.  12
    Beyond Trait Reductionism: Implications of Network Structures for Dimensional Models of Psychopathology.Robert F. Bornstein - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
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  34.  17
    A Delay of Reinforcement Gradient and Correlated Reinforcement in the Instrumental Conditioning of Conversational Behavior.Robert F. Weiss, Jenny L. Boyer, James T. Colwick & Dennis J. Moran - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (1):33.
  35.  15
    Encoding Variability: Tests of the Martin Hypothesis.Robert F. Williams & Benton J. Underwood - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (2):317.
  36.  98
    De Finetti Was Right: Probability Does Not Exist.Robert F. Nau - 2001 - Theory and Decision 51 (2/4):89-124.
    De Finetti's treatise on the theory of probability begins with the provocative statement PROBABILITY DOES NOT EXIST, meaning that probability does not exist in an objective sense. Rather, probability exists only subjectively within the minds of individuals. De Finetti defined subjective probabilities in terms of the rates at which individuals are willing to bet money on events, even though, in principle, such betting rates could depend on state-dependent marginal utility for money as well as on beliefs. Most later authors, from (...)
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  37.  39
    Arbitrage, Rationality, and Equilibrium.Robert F. Nau & Kevin F. McCardle - 1991 - Theory and Decision 31 (2-3):199-240.
  38.  11
    Pediatric Ethics Committees: Ethical Advisers or Legal Watchdogs?Robert F. Weir - 1987 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 15 (3):99-109.
  39. Human Happiness and Morality: A Brief Introduction to Ethics.Robert F. Almeder - 2000 - Prometheus Books.
     
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  40.  63
    Cognition, Systematicity, and Nomic Necessity.Robert F. Hadley - 1997 - Mind and Language 12 (2):137-53.
  41.  20
    A Default‐Oriented Theory of Procedural Semantics.Robert F. Hadley - 1989 - Cognitive Science 13 (1):107-137.
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  42.  49
    The Morality of Physician-Assisted Suicide.Robert F. Weir - 1992 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (1-2):116-126.
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  43.  53
    Consequentialist Teleology and the Valuation of States of Affairs.Robert F. Card - 2004 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (3):253-265.
    Elizabeth Anderson claims that states of affairs are merely extrinsically valuable, since we value them only in virtue of the intrinsically valuable persons in those states of affairs. Since it considers states of affairs to be the sole bearers of intrinsic value, Anderson argues that consequentialism is incoherent because it attempts to globally maximize extrinsic value. I respond to this objection by distinguishing between two forms of consequentialist teleology and arguing that Anderson''s claim is either harmless or her argument for (...)
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  44.  5
    [Book Review] Justification Defenses and Just Convictions. [REVIEW]Robert F. Schopp - 1999 - Criminal Justice Ethics 18 (1):41-51.
    This major study advances an interpretation of criminal justification defences that views them as an integral component of the structure of the criminal law. Criminal law is defined here as the institutional representation of the underlying principles of political morality in a liberal society. The book extends the traditional scope of the legal and philosophical discussion of justification defences. It integrates philosophical analysis with a consideration of contemporary applications, it shows how these defences are key components of criminal law, and (...)
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  45.  17
    Influences of Misleading Postevent Information: Misinformation Interference and Acceptance.Robert F. Belli - 1989 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118 (1):72-85.
  46.  78
    Strong Semantic Systematicity From Hebbian Connectionist Learning.Robert F. Hadley & M. B. Hayward - 1997 - Minds and Machines 7 (1):1-55.
    Fodor's and Pylyshyn's stand on systematicity in thought and language has been debated and criticized. Van Gelder and Niklasson, among others, have argued that Fodor and Pylyshyn offer no precise definition of systematicity. However, our concern here is with a learning based formulation of that concept. In particular, Hadley has proposed that a network exhibits strong semantic systematicity when, as a result of training, it can assign appropriate meaning representations to novel sentences (both simple and embedded) which contain words in (...)
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  47.  9
    Composition of Episodic Memory.Benton J. Underwood, Robert F. Boruch & Robert A. Malmi - 1978 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 107 (4):393-419.
  48.  27
    Scouring the Scourge: Spontaneous Abortion and Morality.Robert F. Card - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (7):27 – 29.
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  49.  14
    Dynamical Systems Hypothesis in Cognitive Science.Robert F. Port - 2002 - In Lynn Nadel (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan.
  50.  15
    Measuring Knowledge Utilization: Processes and Outcomes.Robert F. Rich - 1997 - Knowledge and Policy 10 (3):11-24.
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