David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 9 (1):13-36 (2000)
There is good evidence that, in general, autonomic conditioning in humans occurs only when subjects can verbalize the contingencies of conditioning. However, one form of conditioning, evaluative conditioning (EC), seems exceptional in that a growing body of evidence suggests that it can occur without conscious contingency awareness. As such, EC offers a unique insight into what role contingency awareness might play in associative learning. Despite this evidence, there are reasons to doubt that evaluative conditioning can occur without conscious awareness. This paper aims to critically review the EC literature and to draw some parallels to what is known about autonomic conditioning. In doing so, some important general issues about measuring contingency awareness are raised. These issues are illustrated with a brief report of an experiment in which a sensitive measure of contingency awareness is compared against a commonly used measure
|Keywords||*Awareness *Conditioning Classical Conditioning|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Frank Baeyens, Andy P. Field & Jan De Houwer (2005). Associative Learning of Likes and Dislikes: Some Current Controversies and Possible Ways Forward. Cognition and Emotion 19 (2):161-174.
Dominic M. Dwyer, Frances Jarratt & Kristie Dick (2007). Evaluative Conditioning with Foods as CSs and Body Shapes as USs: No Evidence for Sex Differences, Extinction, or Overshadowing. Cognition and Emotion 21 (2):281-299.
Andy P. Field & Annette C. Moore (2005). Dissociating the Effects of Attention and Contingency Awareness on Evaluative Conditioning Effects in the Visual Paradigm. Cognition and Emotion 19 (2):217-243.
Eamon P. Fulcher & Marianne Hammerl (2005). Reactance in Affective‐Evaluative Learning: Outside of Conscious Control? Cognition and Emotion 19 (2):197-216.
Anne Gast & Klaus Rothermund (2011). What You See is What Will Change: Evaluative Conditioning Effects Depend on a Focus on Valence. Cognition and Emotion 25 (1):89-110.
Similar books and articles
James W. Manns, R. Clark & L. R. Squire (2000). Awareness Predicts the Magnitude of Single-Cue Trace Eyeblink Conditioning. Hippocampus 10 (2):181-186.
J. De Houwer (2001). Contingency Awareness and Evaluative Conditioning: When Will It Be Enough? Consciousness and Cognition 10 (4):550-558.
Joseph R. Manns, Robert E. Clark & Larry R. Squire (2001). Single-Cue Delay Eyeblink Conditioning is Unrelated to Awareness. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience 1 (2):192-198.
J. Furedy, B. Damke & W. Boucsein (2000). Revisiting the Learning-Without-Awareness Question in Human Pavlovian Autonomic Conditioning: Focus on Extinction in a Dichotic Listening Paradigm. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science 35 (1):17-34.
Peter F. Lovibond & David R. Shanks (2002). The Role of Awareness in Pavlovian Conditioning: Empirical Evidence and Theoretical Implications. Journal of Experimental Psychology 28 (1):3-26.
Robert E. Clark, Joseph R. Manns & Larry R. Squire (2002). Classical Conditioning, Awareness, and Brain Systems. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (12):524-531.
Eamon P. Fulcher & Marianne Hammerl (2001). When All is Considered: Evaluative Learning Does Not Require Contingency Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (4):567-573.
A. P. Field (2001). When All is Still Concealed: Are We Closer to Understanding the Mechanisms Underlying Evaluative Conditioning? Consciousness and Cognition 10 (4):559-566.
Marianne Hammerl (2000). I Like It, but Only When I'm Not Sure Why: Evaluative Conditioning and the Awareness Issue. Consciousness and Cognition 9 (1):37-40.
A. P. Field (2000). Evaluative Conditioning is Pavlovian Conditioning: Issues of Definition, Measurement, and the Theoretical Importance of Contingency Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 9 (1):41-49.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads34 ( #43,058 of 1,089,047 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #69,722 of 1,089,047 )
How can I increase my downloads?