David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Cognitive Science 35 (8):1489-1517 (2011)
Filmmakers use continuity editing to engender a sense of situational continuity or discontinuity at editing boundaries. The goal of this study was to assess the impact of continuity editing on how people perceive the structure of events in a narrative film and to identify brain networks that are associated with the processing of different types of continuity editing boundaries. Participants viewed a commercially produced film and segmented it into meaningful events, while brain activity was recorded with functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We identified three degrees of continuity that can occur at editing locations: edits that are continuous in space, time, and action; edits that are discontinuous in space or time but continuous in action; and edits that are discontinuous in action as well as space or time. Discontinuities in action had the biggest impact on behavioral event segmentation, and discontinuities in space and time had minor effects. Edits were associated with large transient increases in early visual areas. Spatial-temporal changes and action changes produced strikingly different patterns of transient change, and they provided evidence that specialized mechanisms in higher order perceptual processing regions are engaged to maintain continuity of action in the face of spatiotemporal discontinuities. These results suggest that commercial film editing is shaped to support the comprehension of meaningful events that bridge breaks in low-level visual continuity, and even breaks in continuity of spatial and temporal location
|Keywords||Mental models Event comprehension Situation models Event segmentation fMRI Film comprehension|
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References found in this work BETA
David Bordwell (1985). Narration in the Fiction Film. University of Wisconsin Press.
Russell A. Epstein (2008). Parahippocampal and Retrosplenial Contributions to Human Spatial Navigation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (10):388.
Stephen Luck, Leonardo Chelazzi, Steven Hillyard & Robert Desimone (1997). Neural Mechanisms of Spatial Selective Attention in Areas V1, V2, and V4 of Macaque Visual Cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology 77 (1):24-42.
Citations of this work BETA
Neil Cohn (2013). Visual Narrative Structure. Cognitive Science 37 (3):413-452.
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