David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Cognitive Science 35 (8):1489-1517 (2011)
Filmmakers use continuity editing to engender a sense of situational continuity or discontinuity at editing boundaries. The goal of this study was to assess the impact of continuity editing on how people perceive the structure of events in a narrative film and to identify brain networks that are associated with the processing of different types of continuity editing boundaries. Participants viewed a commercially produced film and segmented it into meaningful events, while brain activity was recorded with functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We identified three degrees of continuity that can occur at editing locations: edits that are continuous in space, time, and action; edits that are discontinuous in space or time but continuous in action; and edits that are discontinuous in action as well as space or time. Discontinuities in action had the biggest impact on behavioral event segmentation, and discontinuities in space and time had minor effects. Edits were associated with large transient increases in early visual areas. Spatial-temporal changes and action changes produced strikingly different patterns of transient change, and they provided evidence that specialized mechanisms in higher order perceptual processing regions are engaged to maintain continuity of action in the face of spatiotemporal discontinuities. These results suggest that commercial film editing is shaped to support the comprehension of meaningful events that bridge breaks in low-level visual continuity, and even breaks in continuity of spatial and temporal location
|Keywords||Mental models Event comprehension Situation models Event segmentation fMRI Film comprehension|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Russell A. Epstein (2008). Parahippocampal and Retrosplenial Contributions to Human Spatial Navigation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (10):388.
J. M. Zacks & C. A. Kurby (2008). Segmentation in the Perception and Memory of Events. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (2):72-79.
Stephen Luck, Leonardo Chelazzi, Steven Hillyard & Robert Desimone (1997). Neural Mechanisms of Spatial Selective Attention in Areas V1, V2, and V4 of Macaque Visual Cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology 77 (1):24-42.
Chris D. Frith (2007). The Social Brain? In Nathan Emery, Nicola Clayton & Chris Frith (eds.), Social Intelligence: From Brain to Culture. OUP Oxford
David Bordwell & Kristin Thompson (1986). Film Art an Introduction. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
Citations of this work BETA
Neil Cohn (2013). Visual Narrative Structure. Cognitive Science 37 (3):413-452.
Neil Cohn (2014). You 'Re a Good Structure, Charlie Brown: The Distribution of Narrative Categories in Comic Strips'. Cognitive Science 38 (7):1317-1359.
Neil Cohn (2016). A Multimodal Parallel Architecture: A Cognitive Framework for Multimodal Interactions. Cognition 146:304-323.
Gabriel A. Radvansky, Sidney K. D’Mello, Robert G. Abbott & Robert E. Bixler (2016). Predicting Individual Action Switching in Covert and Continuous Interactive Tasks Using the Fluid Events Model. Frontiers in Psychology 7.
Similar books and articles
Ingunn Elstad & Kirsti Torjuul (2009). Continuity of Nursing and the Time of Sickness. Nursing Philosophy 10 (2):91-102.
Elspeth Kydd (2011). The Critical Practice of Film: An Introduction. Palgrave Macmillan.
Oliver Rashbrook (2013). The Continuity of Consciousness. European Journal of Philosophy 21 (4):611-640.
Larry M. Jorgensen (2009). The Principle of Continuity and Leibniz's Theory of Consciousness. Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (2):pp. 223-248.
Richard T. W. Arthur (1986). Leibniz on Continuity. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:107 - 115.
Michael Spivey & Sarah Cargill (2007). Toward a Continuity of Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (1):216-233.
Louis N. Sandowsky (2006). Hume and Husserl: The Problem of the Continuity or Temporalization of Consciousness. International Philosophical Quarterly. Vol. 46, No. 1, Issue 181 (March 2006) 46 (181):59-74.
William Brown (2012). Has Film Ever Been Western? Continuity and the Question of Building a "Common" Cinema. In Saër Maty Bâ & Will Higbee (eds.), De-Westernizing Film Studies. Routledge
Karen Barad (2010). Quantum Entanglements and Hauntological Relations of Inheritance: Dis/Continuities, SpaceTime Enfoldings, and Justice-to-Come. Derrida Today 3 (2):240-268.
Richard Menary (2009). Intentionality, Cognitive Integration and the Continuity Thesis. Topoi 28 (1):31-43.
Eric Yang (2009). Conservation, Discontinuous Time, and Causal Continuity. Religious Studies 45 (1):85-93.
Martin Seel (2008). Realism and Anti-Realism in Film Theory. Critical Horizons 9 (2):157-175.
Added to index2011-10-05
Total downloads22 ( #181,737 of 1,934,733 )
Recent downloads (6 months)10 ( #53,005 of 1,934,733 )
How can I increase my downloads?