David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Ethics 114 (4):693-733 (2004)
The traditional theory of the just war comprises two sets of principles, one governing the resort to war ( jus ad bellum) and the other governing the conduct of war ( jus in bello). The two sets of principles are regarded, in Michael Walzer’s words, as “logically independent. It is perfectly possible for a just war to be fought unjustly and for an unjust war to be fought in strict accordance with the rules.”1 Let us say that those who ﬁght in a just war are “just combatants,” while those who ﬁght in a war that is unjust because it lacks a just cause are “unjust combatants.” (A just cause is an aim that can contribute to the justiﬁcation for war and that may permissibly be pursued by means of war.)2 The most important implication of the idea that jus in bello is independent of jus ad bellum is that..
|Keywords||just war law of war self-defense proportionality jus ad bellum jus in bello just combatant unjust combatant|
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References found in this work BETA
David Rodin (2002). War and Self-Defense. Oxford University Press.
Jeff McMahan (2005). The Basis of Moral Liability to Defensive Killing. Philosophical Issues 15 (1):386–405.
Jeff McMahan (1994). Self-Defense and the Problem of the Innocent Attacker. Ethics 104 (2):252-290.
Michael Otsuka (1994). Killing the Innocent in Self-Defense. Philosophy and Public Affairs 23 (1):74–94.
Citations of this work BETA
Bradley J. Strawser (2010). Moral Predators: The Duty to Employ Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles. Journal of Military Ethics 9 (4):342-368.
Tomasz Zuradzki (2015). Targeted Killings: Legal and Ethical Justifications. In Marcelo Galuppo (ed.), Human Rights, Rule of Law and the Contemporary Social Challenges in Complex Societies. 2909-2923.
Uwe Steinhoff (2012). Rights, Liability, and the Moral Equality of Combatants. Journal of Ethics 16 (4):339-366.
David Estlund (2007). On Following Orders in an Unjust War. Journal of Political Philosophy 15 (2):213–234.
Jeff McMahan (2006). On the Moral Equality of Combatants. Journal of Political Philosophy 14 (4):377–393.
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