The ethics of killing in war

Ethics 114 (4):693-733 (2004)
Abstract
The traditional theory of the just war comprises two sets of principles, one governing the resort to war ( jus ad bellum) and the other governing the conduct of war ( jus in bello). The two sets of principles are regarded, in Michael Walzer’s words, as “logically independent. It is perfectly possible for a just war to be fought unjustly and for an unjust war to be fought in strict accordance with the rules.”1 Let us say that those who fight in a just war are “just combatants,” while those who fight in a war that is unjust because it lacks a just cause are “unjust combatants.” (A just cause is an aim that can contribute to the justification for war and that may permissibly be pursued by means of war.)2 The most important implication of the idea that jus in bello is independent of jus ad bellum is that..
Keywords just war  law of war  self-defense  proportionality   jus ad bellum   jus in bello  just combatant  unjust combatant
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James Pattison (2011). The Ethics of Humanitarian Intervention in Libya. Ethics and International Affairs 25 (3):271-277.

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