Three paradoxes of medical diagnosis

Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2):197-215 (1987)
Abstract
Sadegh-zadeh [23] has proposed a theory of the relativity of medical diagnosis in terms of the time at which a diagnosis is accepted, the patient to whom the diagnosis applies, the physician who renders the diagnosis, the medical knowledge used, the diagnostic method applied, and the set of patient observations. Use of classical formal logic as the diagnostic method may result in three paradoxes: the paradoxes of consistency, completeness, and justifiable ignorance. These paradoxes may be resolved by the addition of two non-classical operators, the certainty and effort operators, akin to the non-classical operators of modal logic.
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References found in this work BETA
Edmond A. Murphy (1997). The Logic of Medicine. Johns Hopkins University Press.
W. V. Quine (1982). Methods of Logic. Harvard University Press.

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Caroline Whitbeck (1981). What is Diagnosis? Some Critical Reflections. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (3):319-329.
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