David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (1):179-194 (2013)
This paper seeks to demonstrate the structural difference in communication of schizophrenia and autism. For a normal adult, spontaneous communication is nothing but the transmission of phantasía (thought) by means of perceptual objects or language. This transmission is first observed in a make-believe play of child. Husserl named this function “perceptual phantasía,” and this function presupposes as its basis the “internalized affection of contact” (which functions empirically in eye contact, body contact, or voice calling me). Regarding autism, because of the innate lack of affection of contact, intersubjective perceptual phantasía does not occur spontaneously. Consequently, autistics do not engage in make-believe play but in stereotyped and solipsistic play. Without the formation of perceptual phantasía, there is no differentiation between phantasía and perception. For this reason, people with Asperger's syndrome consider conversation not an immediate communication of thought but a logical transmission of concepts. Schizophrenia is characterized by a distortion in the internalized affection of contact, resulting in a disturbance of perceptual phantasía, and this later is covered by various symptoms—for example, delusion as a pathological kind of communication of thought. This delusion is based on the pathological internalized affection of contact represented by a terrifying Other
|Keywords||Autism Schizophrenia Communication Perceptual phantasía Phantasieleib Affection of contact Transcendental telepathy Intersubjectivity|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Armando Bertone, Laurent Mottron & Jocelyn Faubert (2004). Autism and Schizophrenia: Similar Perceptual Consequence, Different Neurobiological Etiology? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):592-593.
Jocelyn Faubert & Armando Bertone (2004). A Common Link Between Aging, Schizophrenia, and Autism? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):593-594.
Krisanna M. Scheiter (2012). Images, Appearances, and Phantasia in Aristotle. Phronesis 57 (3):251-278.
Dr Maxson J. McDowell, Eye-Contact and Complex Dynamic Systems: An Hypothesis on Autism's Direct Cause and a Clinical Study Addressing Prevention.
Anne E. McGuire & Rod Michalko (2011). Minds Between Us: Autism, Mindblindness and the Uncertainty of Communication. Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (2):162-177.
Yasuhiko Murakami (2010). Affection and Cogitatio. Psychopathology and Husserl's Theory of Meaning. Studia Phaenomenologica 10:193-204.
Saulius Geniusas (2006). Is the Self of Social Behaviorism Capable of Auto-Affection? Mead and Marion on the "I" and the "Me". Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (2):242-265.
Sylvie Tordjman (2008). Reunifying Autism and Early-Onset Schizophrenia in Terms of Social Communication Disorders. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (3):278-279.
Claudia Jáuregui (2006). Auto-Affection and Synthesis of Reproduction. Kant-Studien 97 (3):369-381.
Hirotaka Nakano (2011). Selbstaffektion in der Transzendentalen Deduktion. Kant-Studien 102 (2):213-231.
Christina Taylor & Hans A. Skott-Myhre (2011). Autism: Schizo of Postmodern Capital. Deleuze Studies 5 (1):35-48.
D. Ben Shalom (2000). Developmental Depersonalization: The Prefrontal Cortex and Self-Functions in Autism. Consciousness and Cognition 9 (3):457-460.
Juan-Carlos Gómez (2005). Joint Attention and the Notion of Subject: Insights From Apes, Normal Children, and Children with Autism. In Naomi Eilan, Christoph Hoerl, Teresa McCormack & Johannes Roessler (eds.), Joint Attention: Communication and Other Minds. Issues in Philosophy and Psychology. Oxford University Press.
Added to index2011-01-09
Total downloads46 ( #40,533 of 1,167,998 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #37,960 of 1,167,998 )
How can I increase my downloads?