A review of mentation in Rem and NRem sleep: “Covert” Rem sleep as a possible reconciliation of two opposing models [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):851-866 (2000)
Numerous studies have replicated the finding of mentation in both rapid eye movement (REM) and nonrapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. However, two different theoretical models have been proposed to account for this finding: (1) a one-generator model, in which mentation is generated by a single set of processes regardless of physiological differences between REM and NREM sleep; and (2) a two-generator model, in which qualitatively different generators produce cognitive activity in the two states. First, research is reviewed demonstrating conclusively that mentation can occur in NREM sleep; global estimates show an average mentation recall rate of about 50% from NREM sleep – a value that has increased substantially over the years. Second, nine different types of research on REM and NREM cognitive activity are examined for evidence supporting or refuting the two models. The evidence largely, but not completely, favors the two-generator model. Finally, in a preliminary attempt to reconcile the two models, an alternative model is proposed that assumes the existence of covert REM sleep processes during NREM sleep. Such covert activity may be responsible for much of the dreamlike cognitive activity occurring in NREM sleep. Key Words: cognition in sleep; dreaming; NREM sleep; REM sleep; sleep mentation.
|Keywords||cognition in sleep dreaming NREM sleep REM sleep sleep mentation|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Jennifer M. Windt & Valdas Noreika (2011). How to Integrate Dreaming Into a General Theory of Consciousness—A Critical Review of Existing Positions and Suggestions for Future Research. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1091-1107.
Michelle Neider, Edward F. Pace-Schott, Erica Forselius, Brian Pittman & Peter T. Morgan (2011). Lucid Dreaming and Ventromedial Versus Dorsolateral Prefrontal Task Performance. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):234-244.
Tracey L. Kahan & Stephen P. LaBerge (2011). Dreaming and Waking: Similarities and Differences Revisited. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):494-514.
Sue Llewellyn (2011). If Waking and Dreaming Consciousness Became de-Differentiated, Would Schizophrenia Result? Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1059-1083.
Giulio Tononi Yuval Nir (2010). Dreaming and the Brain: From Phenomenology to Neurophysiology. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):88.
Similar books and articles
Michael Schredl (2000). Dream Research: Integration of Physiological and Psychological Models. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):1001-1003.
J. Allan Hobson, Edward F. Pace-Schott & Robert Stickgold (2003). Dreaming and the Brain: Toward a Cognitive Neuroscience of Conscious States. In Edward F. Pace-Schott, Mark Solms, Mark Blagrove & Stevan Harnad (eds.), Sleep and Dreaming: Scientific Advances and Reconsiderations. Cambridge University Press. 793-842.
J. Allan Hobson, Edward F. Pace-Schott & Robert Stickgold (2000). Dreaming and the Brain: Toward a Cognitive Neuroscience of Conscious States. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):793-842; 904-1018; 1083-1121.
M. Bosinelli & P. C. Cicogna (2000). Rem and NRem Mentation: Nielsen's Model Once Again Supports the Supremacy of Rem. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):913-914.
Helene Sophrin Porte (2000). Neural Constraints on Cognition in Sleep. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):994-995.
Corrado Cavallero (2000). Rem Sleep = Dreaming: The Never-Ending Story. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):916-917.
Robert D. Ogilvie, Tomoka Takeuchi & Timothy I. Murphy (2000). Expanding Nielsen's Covert Rem Model, Questioning Solms's Approach to Dreaming and Rem Sleep, and Reinterpreting the Vertes & Eastman View of Rem Sleep and Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):981-983.
Piero Salzarulo (2000). Time Course of Dreaming and Sleep Organization. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):1000-1000.
Giuliana Mazzoni (2000). Sleep Can Be Related to Memory, Even If Rem Sleep is Not. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):971-971.
Tore A. Nielsen (2000). Covert Rem Sleep Effects on Rem Mentation: Further Methodological Considerations and Supporting Evidence. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):1040-1057.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads9 ( #168,390 of 1,139,978 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #157,515 of 1,139,978 )
How can I increase my downloads?