David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Episteme 5 (3):pp. 388-401 (2008)
We commonly think of presumptions as second-best inferential tools allowing us to reach conclusions, if we must, under conditions of limited information. Scholarship on the topic across the disciplines has espoused a common conception of presumptions that defines them according to their function within the decisionmaking process. This focus on the “private” face of presumptions has generated a predominantly critical and grudging view of them, perpetuated certain conceptual ambiguities, and, most important, neglected the fact that what we refer to as “presumptions” have distinguishing features other than the defeasibility and burden-shifting effects associated with their use as inferential tools. When a decisionmaker gives reasons for a conclusion, the decisionmaker often cites a presumption among the reasons for that conclusion; in this guise – their “public” face – presumptions display different, and uniquely valuable, features that remain hidden if we understand them only as aids to inference. This essay both surveys recent approaches to the critical analysis of presumptions in law, philosophy, and discourse studies, and offers an account of how we might begin to think about this other, public face of presumptions
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Douglas N. Walton (1996). Argumentation Schemes for Presumptive Reasoning. L. Erlbaum Associates.
Richard H. Gaskins (1995). Burdens of Proof in Modern Discourse. Yale University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Daniel Mendonca (1998). Presumptions. Ratio Juris 11 (4):399-412.
Douglas Walton with Chris Reed, The Carneades Argumentation Framework: Using Presumptions and Exceptions to Model Critical Questions.
Fred J. Kauffeld (1998). Presumptions and the Distribution of Argumentative Burdens in Acts of Proposing and Accusing. Argumentation 12 (2):245-266.
Fabrizio Macagno (2012). Presumptive Reasoning in Interpretation. Implicatures and Conflicts of Presumptions. Argumentation 26 (2):233-265.
J. Philip Wogaman (2009). Moral Dilemmas: An Introduction to Christian Ethics. Westminster John Knox Press.
Kenneth R. Westphal (2009). Does Kant’s Opus Postumum Anticipate Hegel’s Absolute Idealism? In E.-O. Onnasch (ed.), Kants Philosophie der Natur. Ihre Entwicklung bis zum Opus postumum und Nachwirkung. deGruyter
David Godden & Douglas Walton (2007). A Theory of Presumption for Everyday Argumentation. Pragmatics and Cognition 15 (2):313-346.
Louis I. Katzner (1973). Presumptions of Reason and Presumptions of Justice. Journal of Philosophy 70 (4):89-100.
Steven O. Kimbrough & Hua Hua (1991). On Nonmonotonic Reasoning with the Method of Sweeping Presumptions. Minds and Machines 1 (4):393-416.
J. E. Llewelyn (1962). Presuppositions, Assumptions and Presumptions. Theoria 28 (2):158-172.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads15 ( #225,832 of 1,789,791 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #166,078 of 1,789,791 )
How can I increase my downloads?