David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):471-471 (2002)
An ethological analysis suggests that effort and protection actions, which are expressions of distress, are comparable with pain expressions. Distress occurs with uncontrollable pain, and the expressions are ritualized pain responses with exaggerated features and lower thresholds. Pain is a sensory-motor feeling state with aversive motivational (hedonic) value. Distress is an emotional state of failure of pain responses to control the pain.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Mark D. Sullivan (2002). The Meaning of Facial Expressions of Pain Lies in Their Use, Not in Their Reference. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):472-473.
Peter Alward (2004). Mad, Martian, but Not Mad Martian Pain. Sorites 15 (December):73-75.
Kevin Reuter (2011). Distinguishing the Appearance From the Reality of Pain. Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (9-10):94-109.
Carroll E. Izard (2002). Continuity and Change in Infants' Facial Expressions Following an Unanticipated Aversive Stimulus. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):463-464.
Temre N. Davies & Donald D. Hoffman (2002). Psychophysical Studies of Expressions of Pain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):458-459.
Tim Crane (2003). The Intentional Structure of Consciousness. In Quentin Smith & Aleksandar Jokic (eds.), Consciousness: New Philosophical Perspectives. Oxford University Press 33-56.
Geert Crombez & Chris Eccleston (2002). To Express or Suppress May Be Function of Others' Distress. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):457-458.
Nico H. Frijda (2002). What is Pain Facial Expression For? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):460-460.
Christiane Hermann & Herta Flor (2002). Facial Expression of Pain – More Than a Fuzzy Expression of Distress? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):462-463.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads25 ( #147,105 of 1,790,003 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #318,432 of 1,790,003 )
How can I increase my downloads?