David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (1):59-71 (2010)
This paper examines the problem of selecting a number of candidates to receive a good (admission) from a pool in which there are more qualified applicants than places. I observe that it is rarely possible to order all candidates according to some relevant criterion, such as academic merit, since these standards are inevitably somewhat vague. This means that we are often faced with the task of making selections between near-enough equal candidates. I survey one particular line of response, which says that we should allow our choice of borderline candidates to be guided by non-relevant criteria such as gender-balancing. I argue that this would not, as commonly objected, be a case of sex discrimination if it is to be applied either in favour of men or women. Nonetheless, I argue that such policies are problematic because they violate the demand for publicity, which is required for legitimacy and to assure everyone that discrimination has not in fact taken place. Instead, I suggest that, if we are concerned to avoid discrimination, there may be a case for using lotteries as tie-breakers, not on grounds of fairness but to prevent taint of bias.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Ben Saunders (2010). Fairness Between Competing Claims. Res Publica 16 (1):41-55.
Similar books and articles
David S. Cohen, Limiting Gebser: Institutional Liability for Non-Harassment Sex Discrimination Under Title IX.
Mari Mikkola (2011). Ontological Commitments, Sex and Gender. In Charlotte Witt (ed.), Feminist Metaphysics. Springer. 67--83.
Michael J. Sandel (ed.) (2007). Justice: A Reader. Oxford University Press.
Camille Monahan (2013). The Failure of the Bona Fide Occupational Qualification in Cross-Gender Prison Guard Cases: A Problem Beyond Equal Employment Opportunity. Hypatia 28 (1):101-121.
Irving Thalberg (1980). Themes in the Reverse-Discrimination Debate:The Bakke Case: The Politics of Inequality. Joel Dreyfuss, Charles Lawrence III; Justice and Reverse Discrimination. Alan H. Goldman; Discrimination in Reverse: Is Turnabout Fair Play? Barry R. Gross; Fair Game? Inequality and Affirmative Action. John C. Livingston; Bakke, DeFunis, and Minority Admissions: The Quest for Equal Opportunity. Allan P. Sindler. [REVIEW] Ethics 91 (1):138-.
Jo Trigilio (2011). Same-Sex Marrige and Gender Discrimination : A Response to Orlando. In Adrianne Leigh McEvoy (ed.), Sex, Love, and Friendship: Studies of the Society for the Philosophy of Sex and Love: 1993-2003. Rodopi.
Nancy B. Kurland (2001). The Impact of Legal Age Discrimination on Women in Professional Occupations. Business Ethics Quarterly 11 (2):331-348.
Madeline E. Heilman (1997). Sex Discrimination and the Affirmative Action Remedy: The Role of Sex Stereotypes. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (9):877-889.
Anita Cava (1995). Social Contract Theory and Gender Discrimination. Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (2):257-270.
Added to index2010-01-07
Total downloads31 ( #55,218 of 1,098,981 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #57,966 of 1,098,981 )
How can I increase my downloads?