David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (3):243-256 (2012)
Although it could avoid some harmful effects of climate change, sulphate aerosol geoengineering (SAG), or injecting sulphate aerosols into the stratosphere in order to reflect incoming solar radiation, threatens substantial harm to humans and non-humans. I argue that SAG is prima facie ethically problematic from anthropocentric, animal liberationist, and biocentric perspectives. This might be taken to suggest that ethical evaluations of SAG can rely on Bryan Norton's convergence hypothesis, which predicts that anthropocentrists and non-anthropocentrists will agree to implement the same or similar environmental policies. However, there are potential scenarios in which anthropocentrists and non-anthropocentrists would seem to diverge on whether a particular SAG policy ought to be implemented. This suggests that the convergence hypothesis should not be relied on in ethical evaluation of SAG. Instead, ethicists should consider the merits and deficiencies of both non-anthropocentric perspectives and the ethical evaluations of SAG such perspectives afford
|Keywords||geoengineering solar radiation management convergence hypothesis environmental ethics biocentrism climate change|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Toby Svoboda, Klaus Keller, Marlos Goes & Nancy Tuana (2011). Sulfate Aerosol Geoengineering: The Question of Justice. Public Affairs Quarterly 25 (3):157-180.
M. Saner (2000). Biotechnology, the Limits of Norton's Convergence Hypothesis, and Implications for an Inclusive Concept of Health. Ethics and the Environment 5 (2):229-241.
Toby Svoboda (2012). Is Aerosol Geoengineering Ethically Preferable to Other Climate Change Strategies? Ethics and the Environment 17 (2):111-135.
Brian K. Steverson (1995). Contextualism and Norton's Convergence Hypothesis. Environmental Ethics 17 (2):135-150.
Brian K. Steverson (2009). Contextualism and Norton's Convergence Hypothesis. In Ben A. Minteer (ed.), Nature in Common?: Environmental Ethics and the Contested Foundations of Environmental Policy. Temple University Press. 135-150.
Bryan G. Norton (2009). Convergence and Divergence: The Convergence Hypothesis Twenty Years Later. In Ben A. Minteer (ed.), Nature in Common?: Environmental Ethics and the Contested Foundations of Environmental Policy. Temple University Press.
Mikael Stenmark (2002). The Relevance of Environmental Ethical Theories for Policy Making. Environmental Ethics 24 (2):135-148.
Mikael Stenmark (2009). The Relevance of Environmental Ethical Theories for Policy Making. In Ben A. Minteer (ed.), Nature in Common?: Environmental Ethics and the Contested Foundations of Environmental Policy. Temple University Press. 135-148.
Nancy Tuana, Ryan L. Sriver, Toby Svoboda, Roman Olson, Peter J. Irvine, Jacob Haqq-Misra & Klaus Keller (2012). Towards Integrated Ethical and Scientific Analysis of Geoengineering: A Research Agenda. Ethics, Policy and Environment 15 (2):136 - 157.
Bryan G. Norton (1997). Convergence and Contextualism: Some Clarifications and a Reply to Steverson. Environmental Ethics 19 (1):87-100.
Ben A. Minteer & Robert E. Manning (2000). Convergence in Environmental Values: An Empirical and Conceptual Defense. Ethics, Place and Environment 3 (1):47 – 60.
Kevin Elliott (2010). Geoengineering and the Precautionary Principle. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):237-253.
Katie McShane (2007). Anthropocentrism Vs. Nonanthropocentrism: Why Should We Care? Environmental Values 16 (2):169-85.
Jose Luengo (2002). The Convergence-Divergence Hypothesis. World Futures 58 (1):45 – 60.
Sanford S. Levy (2003). The Biophilia Hypothesis and Anthropocentric Environmentalism. Environmental Ethics 25 (3):227-246.
Added to index2012-07-26
Total downloads56 ( #30,628 of 1,101,814 )
Recent downloads (6 months)19 ( #11,276 of 1,101,814 )
How can I increase my downloads?