David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Tokyo Institute of Technology Department of Social Engineering Discussion Paper (05-04):1-18 (2005)
Most cosmopolitans who are concerned about world poverty assume that for citizens of affluent societies, justice beyond national borders is a matter of their positive duty to provide aid to distant people suffering from severe poverty. This assumption is challenged by some authors, notably Tomas Pogge, who maintains that these citizens are actively involved in the incidence of poverty abroad and therefore neglect their negative duty of refraining from harming others. This paper examines the extent to which it is pertinent to contend that citizens in economically advanced countries are morally liable for the impoverishment of a sizable population of the developing world. The contention in question can be interpreted in two nonexclusive ways. First, it might imply that historical injustices, including colonialism and slavery, contributed to both contemporary affluence in some parts of the world and poverty in others. Second, it could imply that the present global economic system, instituted and implemented by the governments of rich and powerful countries acting in the name of their citizens, is benefiting the citizens while harming the world’s disadvantaged. The author argues that the idea of reparation for historical injustices suffers from serious philosophical difficulties, including the non-identity problem presented by Derek Parfit, and thus fails to provide a satisfactory approach to the existing problem of poverty. This paper then examines the alleged liability of citizens in affluent countries, with a special reference to empirical observations on the policy process. The paper concludes by suggesting a twofold theory of global justice, which combines material, managerial, and moral assistances for a society lacking a competent government and proposes institutional reforms in the global order in order to achieve poverty reduction.
|Keywords||division of labor global justice global order historical injustices redistribution|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Makoto Usami (2013). Global Justice: From Responsibility to Rights. Discussion Paper, No. 2013–02, Department of Social Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology:1-12.
Pablo Gilabert (2005). The Duty to Eradicate Global Poverty: Positive or Negative? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (5):537 - 550.
Alex Voorhoeve (2006). Is Poverty Our Problem? Introduction to the Forum on World Poverty and the Duty of Assistance. The Philosophers' Magazine 36:46-49.
Thom Brooks (2007). Punishing States That Cause Global Poverty. William Mitchell Law Review 33 (2):519-32.
Harry van der Linden (2007). Is Global Poverty a Moral Problem for Citizens of Affluent Societies? The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 1:229-234.
Christian Barry & Gerhard Øverland (2012). The Feasible Alternatives Thesis: Kicking Away the Livelihoods of the Global Poor. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 11 (1):97-119.
Asaf Bar-Tura (2011). Economic Policy and World Organization. Perspectives on Global Development and Technology 10 (1):194-212.
Pablo Gilabert (2007). Comentarios Sobre la Concepcion de la Justicia Global de Pogge. Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofia 33 (2):205-222.
Shmuel Nili (2011). Our Problem of Global Justice. Social Theory and Practice 37 (4):629-653.
Thomas W. Pogge (2002). Moral Universalism and Global Economic Justice. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 1 (1):29-58.
Thomas Pogge (2005). Real World Justice. Journal of Ethics 9 (1-2):29 - 53.
Pablo Gilabert (2012). From Global Poverty to Global Equality: A Philosophical Exploration. Oxford University Press, UK.
Sagar Sanyal (2009). Political Equality and Global Poverty: An Alternative Egalitarian Approach to Distributive Justice. Dissertation, University of Canterbury
Luis Cabrera (2004). Political Theory of Global Justice: A Cosmopolitan Case for the World State. Routledge.
Scott Wisor (2012). Poverty and Poverty Alleviation. In M. Juergensmeyer & H. K. Anheier (eds.), Encyclopedia of Global Studies. Sage.
Added to index2011-11-30
Total downloads21 ( #80,857 of 1,100,791 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #115,463 of 1,100,791 )
How can I increase my downloads?