David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 22 (3):237 – 258 (2008)
By analyzing the meaning of time I argue, without endorsing operationalism, that time is necessarily related to physical systems which can serve as clocks. This leads to a version of relationism about time which entails that there is no time 'before' the universe. Three notions of metaphysical 'time' (associated, respectively, with time as a mathematical concept, substantivalism, and modal relationism) which might support the idea of time 'before' the universe are discussed. I argue that there are no good reasons to believe that metaphysical 'time' can be identified with what we ordinarily call time. I also briefly review and criticize the idea of time 'before' the big bang, associated with some recent speculative models in modern cosmology, and I argue that if the big bang model is a (roughly) correct description of our universe, then the best current answer to the question in the title is that time did have a beginning
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References found in this work BETA
David K. Lewis (1973). Counterfactuals. Blackwell Publishers.
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Isaac Newton (2007). Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy. In Aloysius Martinich, Fritz Allhoff & Anand Vaidya (eds.), Early Modern Philosophy: Essential Readings with Commentary. Blackwell Pub.
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Citations of this work BETA
Robert Brandenberger (2014). Do We Have a Theory of Early Universe Cosmology? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 46 (1):109-121.
Svend E. Rugh & Henrik Zinkernagel (2008). On the Physical Basis of Cosmic Time. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 40 (1):1-19.
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