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  1.  16
    Are the Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC) and the Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) Applicable in Determining the Optimal Fit and Simplicity of Mechanistic Models?Jens Harbecke, Jonas Grunau & Philip Samanek - 2024 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 37 (1):17-36.
    Over the past three decades, the discourse on the mechanistic approach to scientific modelling and explanation has notably sidestepped the topic of simplicity and fit within the process of model selection. This paper aims to rectify this disconnect by delving into the topic of simplicity and fit within the context of mechanistic explanations. More precisely, our primary objective is to address whether simplicity metrics hold any significance within mechanistic explanations. If they do, then our inquiry extends to the suitability of (...)
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  2.  1
    In Memoriam Elena Mamchur 8 July, 1935–14 December, 2023.Andrei Paramonov - 2024 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 37 (1):69-73.
    In MemoriamElena Mamchur8 July, 1935–14 December, 2023. The principle of ‘maximum inheritance’, put forward by Elena Mamchur, presupposes its effect in scientific cognition even during ‘radical cha...
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  3.  24
    Defending a Realist Stance.Christopher Pincock - 2024 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 37 (1-2):1-15.
    Should the scientific realist admit that their realism involves what Chakravartty has called an epistemic stance? I argue that the realist should accept the need for a realist stance that licenses the use of inference to the best explanation. However, unlike Chakravartty, I maintain that the realist should insist that their realist stance is rationally obligatory. This requires an anti-voluntarism about stances that involves theoretical reasons for adopting one stance rather than another. I present one account of what these reasons (...)
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  4.  24
    Natural Selection, Mechanism and Phenomenon.Chuanke Wei - 2024 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 37 (1-2):37-50.
    Natural selection is a general process that operates in different populations. To characterise natural selection as a mechanism within the framework of the new mechanistic philosophy, it is required to identify a pertinent phenomenon for which natural selection is responsible. Firstly, every case identified by evolutionary biologists as instances of natural selection must align with this mechanistic characterisation. Secondly, natural selection should genuinely be responsible for the attributed phenomenon. While philosophers often posit producing adaptation as the quintessential phenomenon, Pérez-González and (...)
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  5.  7
    Searching for Features with Artificial Neural Networks in Science: The Problem of Non-Uniqueness.Siyu Yao & Amit Hagar - 2024 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 37 (1):51-67.
    Artificial neural networks and supervised learning have become an essential part of science. Beyond using them for accurate input-output mapping, there is growing attention to a new feature-oriented approach. Under the assumption that networks optimised for a task may have learned to represent and utilise important features of the target system for that task, scientists examine how those networks manipulate inputs and employ the features networks capture for scientific discovery. We analyse this approach, show its hidden caveats, and suggest its (...)
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