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  1.  1
    Additive free choice items.Anamaria Fălăuş & Andreea C. Nicolae - 2022 - Natural Language Semantics 30 (2):185-214.
    In this paper, we aim to account for the distribution and interpretation of a novel class of free choice items in Romanian, which we refer to as additive free choice items. We show that the internal composition of ADD-FCIs, as well as their distribution, differs from that attested for other free choice paradigms discussed in the literature. Morphologically, ADD-FCIs are a more complex variant of regular universal FCIs, by virtue of an additional morpheme. This morpheme plays an additive role when (...)
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  2.  3
    Enough clauses, (non)finiteness, and modality.Thomas Grano - 2022 - Natural Language Semantics 30 (2):115-153.
    Infinitives are known to encode covert modality in certain environments including infinitival relatives and questions. Beyond these environments, however, the precise distribution and interpretation of infinitival modality remains poorly understood. In that light, this paper investigates infinitive-embedding enough/too sentences like Pat is tall enough to be the thief or Lee is too old to drive. These sentences have a modal semantics whose compositional source is contested: on one approach, the infinitive encodes the modality, and on another approach, the enough/too morpheme (...)
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  3.  1
    Time and evidence in the graded tense system of Mvskoke.Kimberly Johnson - 2022 - Natural Language Semantics 30 (2):155-183.
    In recent years, much attention has been given to the puzzling relationship between tense and evidence type found in languages where a single morpheme appears to encode both reference to time and to the evidential source for the assertion. In natural language, tense has long been understood as serving to locate the time at which the proposition expressed by the sentence holds. The two main theories of evidentials both agree that these morphemes serve to identify the type of evidence the (...)
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  4.  2
    Zero N: Number features and ⊥.Luisa Martí - 2022 - Natural Language Semantics 30 (2):215-237.
    In this paper I demonstrate that there is an explanation of the number marking we see on nouns when they combine with the numeral zero which combines Martí’s account of the morphosyntax and semantics of the numeral-noun construction with Bylinina and Nouwen’s :98, 2018) semantics for zero and which does not need to appeal to any further principles.
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  5.  2
    Number in NPI licensing.Luka Crnič - 2022 - Natural Language Semantics 30 (1):1-46.
    The acceptability of any-DPs in existential modal sentences presents a challenge for theories of NPI licensing: existential modal sentences appear to differ substantially from other environments in which any-DPs are acceptable. One approach to this challenge has been to, first, take any-DPs to be subject to an environment-based downward-entailingness condition—they have to occur in an environment that is Strawson downward-entailing with respect to their domain —and, second, to derive such an environment in existential modal sentences by means of exhaustification. This (...)
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  6.  4
    Scope splitting in Syrian Arabic.Peter Hallman - 2022 - Natural Language Semantics 30 (1):47-76.
    Sentences like Mary needs to make the fewest mistakes on the upcoming test have a ‘split scope’ reading roughly paraphrasable as ‘Mary exceeds all others in terms of how many mistakes she must not make’; that is, her situation is the most precarious. The structural approach to this phenomenon attributes to such sentences a logical form resembling this paraphrase, in which the superlative component of the meaning of fewest scopes above the modal need to and the negative component scopes below (...)
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  7.  2
    Contrast and verb phrase ellipsis: The case of tautologous conditionals.Richard Stockwell - 2022 - Natural Language Semantics 30 (1):77-100.
    This paper argues that verb phrase ellipsis requires contrast. The central observation is that ellipsis is ungrammatical in tautologous conditionals; e.g., *If John wins, then he does. Ellipsis is correctly ruled out by a focus-based theory of ellipsis, but one that crucially imports focus’s requirement for contrast: an elliptical constituent must have an antecedent that is not merely an alternative to it, but a ‘proper’ alternative. An explanation in terms of contrast failure proves superior to alternative explanations in terms of (...)
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  8.  3
    Factive islands and questions about propositions.Matías Verdecchia - 2022 - Natural Language Semantics 30 (1):101-113.
    In this squib, I evaluate the contradiction analysis :257–321, 2011, in Weak island semantics, 2014) and the necessary infelicity analysis, New frontiers in artificial intelligence, 2007; Schwarz and Simonenko in Natural Language Semantics 26:253–279, 2018b) of factive islands in light of a pattern that has not been previously discussed in the literature: questions about propositions. I argue that while the necessary infelicity approach can straightforwardly explain the acceptability of this kind of question, the contradiction account undergenerates, since it wrongly predicts (...)
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