Metaphor and Symbol

ISSN: 1092-6488

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  1. Metaphorical Mapping and Cultural Significance in Chinese Death-Related Idiomatic Expressions.Yi-Zhong Chen & Te-Hsin Liu - 2024 - Metaphor and Symbol 39 (3):149-168.
    This study examined the metaphorical expressions of death in Chinese quadrisyllabic idioms. Specifically, the research investigated the cultural connotations and implications conveyed through death-related idioms by analyzing metaphorical examples. Adopting the ‘Great Chain of Being’ framework (Lakoff and Turner, 1989), a total of 579 death-related idioms with metaphorical and euphemistic meanings were classified and examined. These idioms were further categorized based on the gender of the deceased as well as the initial metaphors and expressions employed. Our research findings highlight cultural (...)
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  2. Is That a Genuine Smile? Emoji-Based Sarcasm Interpretation Across the Lifespan.Jing Cui, Herbert L. Colston & Guiying Jiang - 2024 - Metaphor and Symbol 39 (3):195-216.
    Emoji appear to be an important cue to judge whether a statement is sarcastic in computer-mediated communication. In this study, we investigated whether the smiling emoji, an indicator of sarcastic intention in the Chinese culture, exerts an influence on sarcasm interpretation across the lifespan. Statements accompanied with or without a smiling emoji were compared in unambiguous (Experiment 1) and ambiguous (Experiment 2) contexts. The results of Experiment 1 illustrated that for teenagers and the 20-year-olds the smiling emoji enhanced the perceived (...)
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    Slowing Metaphor Down: Elaborating Deliberate Metaphor Theory.Richard J. Gerrig - 2024 - Metaphor and Symbol 39 (3):217-221.
    With Slowing Metaphor Down: Elaborating Deliberate Metaphor Theory (henceforth SMD), Gerard J. Steen has given us a remarkable book, teeming with insights about metaphor use. The volume provides a...
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  4.  1
    “Living with HIV” – Changes in HIV and AIDS Metaphors in South African Educational Policy.Johanita Kirsten & Jacques McDermid Heyns - 2024 - Metaphor and Symbol 39 (3):183-194.
    Health metaphors are commonly used in a variety of contexts. While war metaphors are common in medicine, there are also other conceptualizations and other metaphors employed in different contexts. In policies, metaphors can play an important role in framing thought and discourse, and have an important effect, and even more so in educational policy. In this article, we analyze the two South African policies regarding HIV and AIDS in the educational context – the first policy from 1999, and the one (...)
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  5. The Ups and Downs of Black and White: Do Sensorimotor Metaphors Reflect an Evolved Perceptual Interface?Tina O. Zhu, Peiyao Chen & Frank H. Durgin - 2024 - Metaphor and Symbol 39 (3):169-182.
    The Implicit Association Test (IAT) was used to measure population levels of conceptual alignment among two polar sensory metaphors and clusters of concepts to which they are commonly applied. A total of 873 participants were tested online, to compare within- and between-cluster alignments of concepts associated with two different polar sensory metaphors (up/down and black/white). IAT results were sensitive to semantic alignments that were also picked up by Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) using a large-scale corpus of English. However, even with (...)
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  6.  5
    Drawing as a Tool in Metaphor-Led Discourse Analysis.Charles Denroche - 2024 - Metaphor and Symbol 39 (2):132-148.
    The use of words to label concepts is a weak point in CMT but one which is little discussed. This article considers the relative merits of image and writing as semiotic modes for identifying conceptual metaphor domains and whether image can offer an alternative to target is source formulae. It reports on an experiment in which MA translation students draw composite drawings to represent orientational metaphoric aspects of a UK government press release. Conventional metaphoric language deriving from the orientational metaphors, (...)
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  7.  2
    The Norwegian Dugnad in Times of COVID-19.Susan Nacey - 2024 - Metaphor and Symbol 39 (2):79-95.
    On 12 March 2020, the Norwegian government instigated measures to limit the spread of COVID-19, the most drastic policies of any Norwegian government in peacetime. A particularly Norwegian metaphor used when introducing those measures concerned the “dugnad” tradition, a cultural practice of voluntary work carried out as a community. This article traces the trajectory of dugnad metaphors related to COVID-19 in Norwegian public discourse, to shed light on the aptness of their use. Aptness is measured in terms of “resonance,” the (...)
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  8.  3
    Source Domain Associations as Conceptual Assemblages in Trauma Talk – an Association Rule Mining Approach.Dennis Tay & Han Qiu - 2024 - Metaphor and Symbol 39 (2):96-109.
    The qualitative nature of co-deployed or “associated” metaphorical source domains in discourse has been extensively researched, often in terms of whether they share common conceptual roots. There are however few empirical studies on the strength of these associations and their implications. In mental healthcare activities like psychological interviews and counseling, for example, strongly associated sources may suggest unique “conceptual assemblages” that highlight underexplored (dis)similarities between clients or client groups, beyond the typical focus on isolated sources and frequencies. Our case study (...)
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  9.  5
    ‘Just Like Pandemic Prevention’: The Semiotic Flow That Interweaves Multimodality, Metaphor, and Narrativity.Ming-Yu Tseng - 2024 - Metaphor and Symbol 39 (2):110-131.
    This study investigates how COVID-19 advice is creatively delivered in a one-minute video produced by the Taiwan Centers for Disease Control in February 2022. It examines metaphors in verbal, visual, and multimodal modes, and illustrates how such metaphors interact with multimodal narrativity. Drawing on the insights of studies on multimodal metaphors, this paper seeks to identify which are the most pervasive metaphors or what dominant metaphor, if any, is used in the video. It finds that the metaphorical mappings between coping (...)
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  10.  6
    Super Figures: Poetry, Picture Poetry, and Art in the Service of Human Connection.Herbert L. Colston & Carina Rasse - 2024 - Metaphor and Symbol 39 (1):1-9.
    There is an irony in that, the modern empirical and scientific study of metaphor, as arguably the major form of figurativity, arose in part from a realization that metaphor resides in territories s...
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  11.  7
    Identifying and Interpreting Visual and Multimodal Metaphor in Commercials and Feature Films.Charles Forceville - 2024 - Metaphor and Symbol 39 (1):40-54.
    Research on metaphor has over the past decades increasingly been extended to its visual and multimodal varieties. While analysts of verbal metaphors are helped by the fact that languages have grammars and vocabularies, researchers of visual and multimodal metaphors need to rely on other methods for identification and interpretation. One approach that claims to have developed a robust method for analyzing metaphor in moving images is FILMIP, which has hitherto focused on the specific genre of commercials. In this paper it (...)
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  12.  7
    Translating Motion Events Across Physical and Metaphorical Spaces in Structurally Similar Versus Structurally Different Languages.Wojciech Lewandowski & Şeyda Özçalışkan - 2024 - Metaphor and Symbol 39 (1):10-39.
    The expression of physical motion (the spider crawls across the net) and metaphorical motion (the fear crawls across her heart) shows strong inter-typological differences between language types (German, an S-language vs. Spanish, a V-language) and more subtle intra-typological differences within a language type (German vs. Polish, both S-languages). However, we know relatively less about the extension of these patterns to translated texts. In this study, we focused on physical and metaphorical motion descriptions in written texts in original language and their (...)
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  13.  15
    The Influence of Metaphorical Framing on Emotions and Reasoning About the COVID-19 Pandemic.India M. S. Roberts & Marianna M. Bolognesi - 2024 - Metaphor and Symbol 39 (1):55-74.
    Metaphors can provide a conceptual framework for understanding complex topics and as such, they have frequently been used in COVID-19 discourse. As previous research indicates that conceptual metaphors can influence how people reason about complex topics, the metaphors used to communicate about the pandemic can influence how it is understood and how people respond. This paper investigates the influence of metaphorical framing on emotions and reasoning. An experimental study compares BATTLE and JOURNEY metaphor frames in a hypothetical text (adapted from (...)
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  14.  12
    Visual Metaphors and Aesthetics: A Formalist Theory of Metaphor.Geoffrey Ventalon - 2024 - Metaphor and Symbol 39 (1):75-78.
    Over the last two decades, studies on visual metaphor processing have gained increasing attention. The present paper is a review of the book entitled Visual Metaphors and Aesthetics: A Formalist Th...
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