Cognitive Performance during Anesthesia

Consciousness and Cognition 3 (2):148-165 (1994)
This paper explores the changes in cognitive function which occur as someone "loses consciousness" under anesthesia. Seven volunteers attempted a categorization task and a within-list recognition test while inhaling air, 0.2% isoflurane, and 0.4% isoflurane. In general, performance on these tests declined as the dose of anesthetic was increased and returned to baseline after 10 min of breathing air. A measure of auditory evoked responding termed "coherent frequency" showed parallel changes. At 0.2% isoflurane, subjects could still identify and respond to category exemplars but showed impaired short-term memory function. Electrical stimulation at 0.4% isoflurane, intended to mimic the arousing effects of surgery, had a small, beneficial effect on performance. A mean of 63% of category exemplars was identified at this stage, but recognition memory for those exemplars was at chance on recovery. There was no evidence for learning of words presented at 0.8% isoflurane
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DOI 10.1006/ccog.1994.1010
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John F. Kihlstrom & Daniel L. Schacter (1990). Anesthesia, Amnesia, and the Cognitive Unconscious. In B. Bonke, W. Fitch, K. Millar, amnesia Anesthesia & 1990 the cognitive unconscious. (eds.), Memory and Awareness in Anesthesia. Swets & Zeitlinger.
Jackie Andrade (1995). Learning During Anesthesia: A Review. British Journal of Psychology 86:479-506.
C. K. Jansen, B. Bonke, J. Theodore Klein & J. Bezstarosti (1990). Unconscious Perception During Balanced Anesthesia? In B. Bonke, W. Fitch, K. Millar & 1990 Unconscious perception during balanced anesthesia? (eds.), Memory and Awareness in Anesthesia. Swets & Zeitlinger.

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