Simpson's Paradox and Causality

American Philosophical Quarterly 52 (1):13-25 (2015)

Don Dcruz
University Of Hyderabad
There are three questions associated with Simpson’s Paradox (SP): (i) Why is SP paradoxical? (ii) What conditions generate SP?, and (iii) What should be done about SP? By developing a logic-based account of SP, it is argued that (i) and (ii) must be divorced from (iii). This account shows that (i) and (ii) have nothing to do with causality, which plays a role only in addressing (iii). A counterexample is also presented against the causal account. Finally, the causal and logic-based approaches are compared by means of an experiment to show that SP is not basically causal.
Keywords Simpson's Paradox  Causality
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References found in this work BETA

Causality: Models, Reasoning and Inference.Judea Pearl - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
Causality.Judea Pearl - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
.Daniel Kahneman & Shane Frederick - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
Causation, Prediction, and Search.Peter Spirtes, Clark Glymour & Richard Scheines - 1996 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (1):113-123.

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Citations of this work BETA

Mereological Dominance and Simpson’s Paradox.Tung-Ying Wu - forthcoming - Philosophia: Philosophical Quarterly of Israel:1-14.

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